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Peat mound septic system, Two Harbors MN, (C) Daniel Friedman Septic Systems
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Septic system design, installation, maintenance & repair guides:

How to Install, inspect, troubleshoot & repair septic tanks & fields.

These septic system articles explain how to buy, inspect, install, test, diagnose maintain and repair septic tanks, drainfields, and all other components of all types of septic systems.

We discuss how septic systems work, and how to provide septic system care to avoid replacing the septic system unnecessarily.

We provide septic cleaning and septic maintenance procedures, septic inspection methods, septic repair guides, and septic system design information. Page top: a peat mound septic system in Two Harbors, MN.



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Septic Systems - ST/SAS Septic Tanks & Soil Absorption Systems: installation, inspection, diagnosis, maintenance & repair

Photograph of  a conventional septic tank during installation.

Here we give in-depth information about conventional septic tanks, septic digesters, drain fields, soakaway beds, reed beds, seepage pits, cesspools, drywells, soakpits, and also septic pipes, and septic waste handling.

We describe and explain the need for and how to install alternative septic system designs for problem sites where the need is to save water or where it is difficult to dispose of septic waste.

We include tables for septic tanks: pumping frequency, septic tank size, septic tank design, and clearances between septic systems, wells, and other site features and boundaries.

This page organizes and links to our detailed septic system inspection, test, repair, and design articles, including our online septic systems book.

Septic testing class presentations, septic system photos, septic system design sketches, septic care tables, links to products and consultants are provided.

"How-To" Articles at our Septic System Information Website are in these groups: (these links are also at the "More Reading" links at the bottom of this article )

Shown above: a building main drain has just been connected to a concrete septic tank that has no yet been covered with backfill. [Click to enlarge any image]

To find what you need quickly, if you don't want to scroll through this index you are welcome to use the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX to search InspectApedia for specific articles and information.

  1. SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN BASICS, septic maintenance and septic care instructions for home owners and home buyers; steps to take when buying a home with a septic tank and septic fields, and basics septic system information about: |

    Septic soil & percolation tests, septic tank size, septic tank depth, septic tank tees, filters, graywater, clearances septic system to other site features, drainfield size, drainfield shape, tank pumping frequency, tank pumping procedure, tank repair, septic treatments & chemicals, steep slope systems
  2. SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES, septic system designs, designers, suppliers & products for
    Aerobic, Alternating Bed, Biogas, Cesspools, Disinfection, Drywellos, Evaporation-Transpiration, Filters, Fixed-Film, Gravelless, Greywater, Lagoon, Latrines, Media Filter, Mound, Outhouses, Pressure dosing, raised bed, sand bed, sequencing batch reactor, sewage treatment, toilet alternatives, vegetative submerged bed, wastewater treatment, & wetland septic systems
  3. SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN & INSTALLATION articles on how to design & install an on-site private wastewater treatment system,
    that is, in normal-talk: a septic system.
  4. SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECTION & TESTING how to find and diagnose septic system problems
  5. SEPTIC SYSTEM MAINTENANCE & REPAIR septic system care, maintenance, repair or replacement procedures and products
  6. SEPTIC COMPONENT & PRODUCT SUPPLIERS lists of suppliers and repair experts for septic systems - where to buy septic system parts
  7. SEPTIC SYSTEM VIDEOS"how to" videos describe how to find the septic tank, how to find the drainfield, dealing with septic pump alarms, and other septic system inspection, maintenance, and repair tutorials in short videos hosted at You Tube
  8. SEPTIC TANK FAQs frequently-asked questions about septic tanks

Photograph of  a seepage pit collection at the factory

We discuss just about every septic system topic and product at this website: septic tank and septic system drainfield or soakaway bed design, septic tank size, septic tank pumping frequency, septic tank cleaning, and septic tank inspection.

We also discuss cesspools and drywells, aerobic septic systems, septic system repairs, treatments, and additives or chemicals. If you find that something is missing from this website just CONTACT us and ask for it.

"Septic tanks" are what home owners or home buyers think of when buying or maintaining a home with a private septic system. But we should be thinking about the whole septic system - since the drain field or leach field makes up half of a typical septic system cost.

Septic tank care and septic tank cleaning need to be done on a regular frequency (we provide a septic tank pumping schedule table) in order to avoid ruining the drainfield.

Septic tank maintenance is not enough. Proper septic system design for the level of usage and soil conditions is critical if the system is going to have a long useful life.

We are also quite concerned with septic system health and safety since there are potential collapse hazards which can be fatal, and there are bacterial and pathogen hazards for both site occupants and for the environment if a septic system is not working properly.

The articles listed at this website form an extensive guide to septic systems care, inspection, testing, and installation. We welcome questions and suggestions for content.

Information for Home Buyers or Owners
Septic System Basics - How Septic Systems Work, Septic Inspection, Septic Maintenance, Septic Repairs

You are at the (C)Copyright Protected 2006-1986 Septic System Information Website - Septic Tanks, Septic Fields, Septic System Repairs, Septic System Design - this sketch is a Septic tank

Directory Lists of Septic System Parts & Supplies

General reader comments about this septic system install, inspect, troubleshoot, repair article series

(Jan 22, 2014) Paul G said: Hey this is a great resource. Thanks.

Question: septic tanksize determination

(Feb 24, 2014) cyvrn8822@yahoo.com said: what size of septic system would be needed for a 5000 sure ft home?

Reply:

Hi CYVRN

If you take a look in the ARTICLE INDEX given at the end of any of our septic system pages you'll find this article live link

SEPTIC TANK SIZE: septic tank size and capacity vs. usage determine the required septic tank size, calculate size of an existing septic tank

that will answer you - there is a bit more that needs to be said than just the size of a home - after all we might have a big house with a single occupant.

Question: septic tank fails when it rains

(Mar 16, 2014) debbie said:

We have a septic tank that is fairly new but every time it rains, no matter how lightly, our toilet won't flush correctly and when it rains all day we have the septic odor in our house but not outside and the toilet fills to the rim when you try to flush it.

Reply:

Debbie it's a troubling question - it sounds as if rain runoff, perhaps from groundwater, surface runoff, or roof runoff is entering and flooding the septic tank, or worse, the drainfield. Even if the tank is new a failed older drainfield couild be at fault;

I'd ask your septic contractor to excavate and open the septic tank access ports to see if the tank level is flooding from surface runoff; And if you pump the tank and water runs back into the tank from the drainfield that'd diagnose a flooded drainfield. Either can back up into the house.

If the problem is really controlling surface runoff then you'll fix it by directing water away from the tank and drainfield.

See SEPTIC TANK BACK FLOODING or for drainfield flooding to read details.

Question: sewage storage tank distance from well

(Mar 18, 2014) Kim Hall said:

What is the distance a storage tank for sewage be from a well. We have a cabin and space is limited.

Reply:

Kim please see CLEARANCE DISTANCES, SEPTIC SYSTEM

Question:

(May 16, 2014) Fran said:

We own a lake home with a holding tank. We thought it was a septic when we purchased the home but our septic man told us it was a holding tank when he came to pump it out.. We have it pumped regularly but we only see one tank. Is there a second tank? How would we find it, if so? We see no holes, pipes, nothing going into this tank when it's open for cleaning.

Also, our home was built in 1962. Is there any way to get the sewer & drain plots for this house? And, are holding tanks legal for a permanent residence?

Reply:

Fran, your local building department might have plans on file, but often those agencies don't. Even if there was a filed plan, we can't know if the plan shows what was approved or instead, what was actually built. Nor do we know what repairs or changes may have rearranged things in the intervening decades.

This article shows how to find buried septic tanks and piping

SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND

Question: filter bed septic tank leaks

(June 11, 2014) wanda said:

I have a filter bed septic tank, water was coming on the top of the ground for about a month. Then it stopped, and my toilet stop flushing, and I couldn't wash clothes. We took the lid off the sewer and it was filled up with alot of water(it's only 5 years old and it's a 500gal.

Reply:

Sounds as if the outlet is blocked or the field is blocked. It's time to investigate the effluent absorption system or drainfield. Meanwhile stop using water as much as you can and pump the septic tank - that will give a few days of relief during which the problem can be diagnosed by your septic contractor or septic engineer.

Question: leaks at septic system D box

(July 12, 2014) matt with the d box leak! said:

New septic put in 6 years ago. I have a pump chamber after my septic tanks (twin 750 gals), the chamber pump (100 or 150 gal ) kicks on when the level gets high enough. The grey water is pumped to my d- box about 25 feet. The d box has 2 outflow pipes leading to a leach field with baffles etc.

The d box seems level and the problem is no matter what we have used to keep the cover on the box ( a piece of blue stone 1 " thick as it sits in the middle of a brick patio ) the d box leaks. Again on the 4th of July with 12 -15 folks over ( part of my problem???) , I heard the pump chamber kick on, 15 seconds later could smell it and then about 3 to 5 ounces of water came out. The leaks came from the corners opposite the inflow.

I can't get it to stop leaking, every time the pump chamber kicks on. This is the 3 time in 6 years that I am faced with a dbox with a cover ( modified cover since its blue stone ) that leaks. If we cement the blue stone onto the d box how can this keep happening? Can the water just "eat" the condrete seal over a year? pls let me know by email when there is a response to my question - - many THANKS! matttheskier@gmail.com

Reply:

Matt,

You could convert to a more-easily sealed D-box but I don't think that's the problem. I suspect that the D-box is too small AND that with the small size, the effluent (it's not graywater) is not being accepted into the drainfield rapidly-enough. The result is the pump is filling the D-box faster than its outflow rate, causing backup and odor complaints.

A much larger D-box, sufficient to receive and then drain by gravity into the drainfields the whole pump cycle volume would be one approach that may tempt you but I don't recommend it.

Rather, you need to look at the inflow capacity of the drainfield - it may be that the drainfield is under-sized, or worse, that it is poorly designed / installed and is flooding, or possibly the line balancing openings in the D-box that balance flow into different drainfield lines are too small.

In sum, if you watch the D-box when the effluent pump cycles you'll probably see that aroudn 125 gallons of effluent are surging into the D-box and overflowing it because the in-flow rate is faster than the outflow rate.\

If the D-box overflows only at the very end of the pump cycle you could see if your pumping system rate can be adjusted to send effluent to the D-box more slowly.

Matt

Please see our article on Distribution box (drop box) install, inspect, troubleshoot & repair advice at D-BOX INSTALL REPAIR where I will include your question and our comments

Question: outlet end of septic tank smaller than inlet end

(July 26, 2014) Steve said:

I have a two compartment septic tank. The outlet end tank is smaller then the inlet tank . my inlet tee is 16 inches long down the tank . The outlet drain pipe is in the centre of the bottom of the tank . How far or how long should my drain pipe be up in the tank ?

Reply:

Maybe if you send me a sketch I can try to find an answer; from just the e-text I'm a bit confused about what's installed. Generally however the septic tank drain outlet is lower than the bottom of the inlet pipe's bottom surface.

...


Continue reading at SEPTIC MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.

Or see SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR FAQs - questions & answes posted originally at this page.

Suggested citation for this web page

SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES: ARTICLE INDEX to SEPTIC SYSTEMS

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Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.

Questions & answers posted originally at SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR

On 2017-09-02 by (mod) - are stains on my walls caused by the septic system?

Robert,

I'm now sure why we're discussing mold contamination questions on a septic systems page? It'd help me run the website better if here by comment or by email (Page bottom CONTACT link) you told me how you ended up on this page. I am guessing it's because the mold question has followed the wetting of a building interior due to a septic or sewage backup.

Mold contamination in or on buildings and their surfaces can be of virtually any color.

The first concern with a sewage backup is stopping the backup - by stopping inflow into the system

The second is to clean up the sewage

The third is to remove wet materials like drywall, trim, insullation. One needs to address every surface that was contacted by sewage

The fourth step is to disinfect all of the exposed surfaces.

Fifth, It may be justified to have follow-up swab tests of a few representative surfaces to be sure disinfection was effective.

Sixth: the cause of the backup must be corrected before the waste system is returned to operation

About your question

What are the possibilities septic tank backups one toilet is the source of a rotten floor

A floor would not rot within days or even weeks of a single-event that wet the building interior, but if there has been a history of sewage leaks or other water entry, that would certainly be likely to rot wood flooring or other materials.

From a pest control source,

Timbor is an insecticide, fungicide and wood preservative for the protection and treatment of lumber against fungal decay and wood destroying insects (including termites, beetles, and carpenter ants). Timbor gets its preservative power from the active ingredient DOT (disodium octaborate tetrahydrate).

I'm not sure why you're asking about Timbor. It is absolutely NOT a remedy for mold contamination, nor sewage backup, nor for rot.

On 2017-09-02 y Robert Bang

Likely mold Pine siding interior ceiling subfloor basement plus attic white and black. I never knew about white it looks to me like overspray. Long term slow leaks humidity levels Southern California as high as 70%. Black specks appear to be insects also light-colored?

Mold spores? Seem to sting one person and a dog. Timbor? For floors and walls ceiling? Copper? Psychiatrist? The annoyance seems to cycle 10 days on three days off more or less not exact. What are the possibilities septic tank backups one toilet is the source of a rotten floor which was disguised linoleum

On 2017-08-22 by (mod) - who pays for septic drainfield perc test pits?

Paul

I don't know where Henderson Co is located - country nor state, but in general, the property owner always pays for test pits - that's part of the cost of designing and installing and qualifying a septic system.

On 2017-08-17 23:29:29.203790 by paul leipold

does henderson co require home owner to pay for test pits to be dug

On 2017-08-04 23:11:57.069133 by JP My septic tank is making a rushing water sound

My septic tank is making a rushing water sound/pumping water sound ? Noticed it over an hour ago, if its the pump should it still be running?

On 2017-07-27 00:54:41.719484 by (mod) - We do not have an inlet tee installed in our septic tank. I

Mike,

The septic tank needs either 80 or a baffle at both Inlet and Outlet ends. Otherwise, just as you suspect, you're going to see a blockage and failure.

On 2017-07-26 22:41:55.516283 by Mike

We do not have an inlet tee installed in our septic tank. Is this normal? The county environmental guy said it was but every picture I see of a tank has an inlet tee. The scum layer is now starting to block the inlet.

On 2017-06-29 22:27:58.331015 by thefiddlist69@aol.com

the drop from toilet and other household drains to the septic tank isn't very much. I was wondering if there is an inline pump to help push water and waste to the septic tank

On 2017-06-28 04:13:44.781414 by Timothy

Hello. We have a BIO wastewater aerobic system (3 tanks) with above ground sprinklers. The control panel is an Aquaklear AK500S96. Affluent pump is Franklin Electric E Series 20FE05p4-2w115. Today my dad went out to put in chlorine tablets and discovered that the water in the last tank was over the chlorine basket and almost up to the lid. No alarms or lights warning us of this.

I rented a pump and pumped out the last tank. There are two floats, one connected to the pump and one farther up on a longer cable (overflow float?). I disconnected and pulled the pump out. How can i diagnose if the pump is bad, or something in the control panel or floats that are bad?

One note-a couple weeks ago I was curious about the "Run/Mute/Test" switch and put it in every position. It didn't do anything. Now after reading about septic systems, I think it is an alarm switch. So apparently the alarm hasn't worked for a several weeks. But we know the sprinklers were working a few days ago.

Any help would be great. I love to dig into projects. I'm a DYI person.
Thanks

On 2017-06-24 04:12:28.461575 by gentryjessie72997

I have slow draining if toilets . I've had companies come out to inspect and repair but they clearly misdiagnosed my problem. I own a mobile home and rent my lot. We've had issues with clogs and slow moving draining since we moved in. I am on a fixed income and don't think landowner will fix issues. I

don't want to create conflict they are also my neighbor. I have always heard gurgling noises in drains. I am pretty sure that tank needs pumped.

How can you find someone who will handle issue with in my budget. I have had a plumber tell me it needs to pumped but can't get a trustworthy co to fix. Not sure if all systems at work properly. Don't know who to call

On 2017-06-16 17:49:11.380522 by cgracey10@bell.net

I thought the company was in Canada ? I think after reading more your located in the U.S. ? thank-You

On 2017-06-16 17:45:13.813940 by cgracey10@bell.net

Would like to have an out house pumped out has a metal pan and all around the walls is metal.. It's off hyway 10 on Robson road at 620352... It really needs pumped out.. and how much will it cost to do ? We'll be there Monday..

On 2017-06-06 21:26:15.903003 by (mod) - The tablets add bacteria that helps digest the waste in the septic tank

San,

Please take a look at SEPTIC TREATMENTS & CHEMICALS

where you'll see that such treatments are

- not nececessary - there is plenty of the right type of bacteria in any septic tank the first time you flush a toilet

- sometimes can cause serious damage (such as bubbling and sending solids into the drainfield, reducing its life)

- depending on their constituents may be an environmental contaminant

- are illegal in some jurisdictions

On 2017-06-06 20:29:25.585776 by San

We use the Septic Fizzytab once a month in our system for 15 years now and have had no problems between pumpings. Google it to find the web store and their website has a lot of good information too, about septic systems. The tablets add bacteria that helps digest the waste.

On 2017-05-25 21:31:14.544806 by (mod) - drains were ok until we used the basement bathroom

I would

- have the septic tank and D_box checked for signs of backup
and if those look good

- send an inspection camera through the main system

On 2017-05-25 01:38:00.477997 by Chad

We just bought a house and drained well until we started using the basement bathroom. We stopped and I capped the basement until I could replace the check valve. It started draining normal again. Replaced the check valve and it is again backing up. Why and what needs done. Thanks

On 2017-05-11 01:05:46.278801 by (mod) - If your replacing a septic bed and dig old pipe up and bed is full of water what should do

Jenn

I would want an accurate diagnosis of the cause of the flooding of the drainfield. There's quite a range of situations such as the drain field being constructed to close to the seasonal high water table, or not protected from surface runoff, or the drainfield could be in partial failure from a blocked pipe, or could be in total failure due to soil clogging.

An on-site expert will probably make a few test excavations, inspect the septic tank condition, and the distribution box, to come up with an opinion about what's going on. I would not do something expensive before having that diagnosis.

If you did need to convert to a mound system or raised septic bed, adding 10 inches of soil will not be enough, since that would not be enough clearance between the bottom of the drain field and the high water level.

To be clear you don't have the option of Simply putting more dirt into a wet area. Even if that made the apparent water problem go away would be interfering with the proper functioning of the septic system by burying it deeper than its design with alow.

On 2017-05-10 18:32:47.885079 by jenn

If your replacing a septic bed and dig old pipe up and bed is full of water what should do

Raise bed heigt with 10" clean fill?

On 2017-05-08 14:49:16.237678 by (mod) - Electronic Monitors for Septic Tank Scum & Sludge Levels

Kal,
InspectAPedia is an independent publisher of building, environmental, and forensic inspection, diagnosis, and repair information provided free to the public - we have no business nor financial connection with any manufacturer or service provider discussed at our website. We do not sell products nor services.

On 2017-05-08 08:37:32.866866 by Kal

Dear Sir;
You are kindly requested to send us more information about your product shown on your website regarding (Electronic Monitors for Septic Tank Scum & Sludge Levels) and how we can buy it;
Thanks;

On 2017-03-29 21:53:40.740009 by (mod) - How much does it cost Residential Tank to Trailer-Home?

Anon

Typical septic system costs are in this PDF file you can see online or print at no cost.

SEPTIC SYSTEM WASTEWATER TREATMENT OPERATING COSTS [PDF] based on studies in the U.S. in Montana.

The actual cost for your specific home would vary widely depending on

- where you live

- local site conditions such as soil percolation rate, area size avaliable, distance from wells, lakes streams, and

- local regulations

- number of occupants or bedrooms

On 2017-03-29 20:47:01.619657 by Anonymous

I need information regarding How much does it cost Residential Tank to Trailer-Home? Send to me by Email to joserigoberi4343@yahoo.com

On 2017-03-29 20:41:22.844890 by Jose R. Reyes

I need information regarding How much does it cost?

On 2017-03-14 22:26:59.906446 by (mod) - Are fruit bearing palm trees good or dangerous around septic systems?

James

Also use the search box just above to search InspectApedia for PLANTS & TREES OVER SEPTIC SYSTEMS to read details of the concern not for health of the trees but their possible root damage to septic components and fields.

Generally coconut palm roots, except for a few deep radii, stay high in the soil - presenting less risk to damage to the field components. But of course driving over septic fields to harvest or collect would be a concern.

OPINION as a general answer: the sewage effluent hazard for tree crops is typically not pathogens passing up inside the tree via its root system, rather it's sewage effluent from an aerobic spray, or sewage contaminated soil splashing up on to the edible fruits. As a fruit bearing palm tree is typically between 32ft. and 50ft. in height, on the tree the fruits are pretty safe. A fruit (coconut? ) falling onto the ground - maybe ought to be washed before it's chopped open. That's because a machete cutting through a dirty exterior from a coconut that fell onto wet sewage effluent (a failing drainfield) or onto contamianted soil *might* carry soil into the edible fruit.

Research:

Timothy K. Broschat and Jonathan H. Crane, "The Coconut Palm in Florida" , U. Florida at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg043 discusses impact of sewage effluent on the health of palms

Chary, N. Sridhara, C. T. Kamala, and D. Samuel Suman Raj. "Assessing risk of heavy metals from consuming food grown on sewage irrigated soils and food chain transfer." Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 69, no. 3 (2008): 513-524. discusses risks of heavy metal contaminants (that appear in some sewage waste)

Iveson, J. B., N. Kovacs, and Wm Laurie. "An improved method of isolating salmonellae from contaminated desiccated coconut." Journal of clinical pathology 17, no. 1 (1964): 75-78. discusses detection of salmonella in contaminated coconut

Broschat, Timothy K. "Palm nutrition and fertilization." HortTechnology 19, no. 4 (2009): 690-694. - using sewage causes Mn deficiencies in coconut trees

On 2017-03-14 20:26:54.960375 by James

Are fruit bearing palm trees good or dangerous around septic systems?

On 2017-03-12 12:53:46.474212 by Anonymous

Alan,

If there is no septic backup and no effluent breakout in the yard them we need a more clear explanation from your septic contractor

On 2017-02-17 01:36:30.896120 by Alan g

I have a septic tank 1000 gal with about 80' leach line. Tank is working good in good condition. Pumper co inspected and said leach field not working 100%. Outflow line had water in the bottom. He ran a water hose in septic for 30 minutes.

The out flow of water seemed fine. The level only went up about 1/2 inch with water flowing in and out. When hose turned off level went back to were started. No back flowing. Said I need a new leach field. About $4000. Does that sound right. I never had any problems with draining. Can you help? Thank you

On 2017-02-15 21:31:46.886179 by (mod) -

This sound like a blocked outlet or aeration effluent distribution pipe

On 2017-02-12 23:12:43.781784 by Dave

My aerator is not draining and water is gushing up from the outlet inspection pipe

On 2017-02-08 01:58:53.727490 by ceci

My septic tank was emptied about 1 month ago. However, the water is coming up and over flowing. What could be the cause of this?

On 2017-01-28 21:04:11.552122 by Anonymous

Hello, We bought a home where an above ground $30k!!!!! septic system was installed

now 7 years later city sewer just came by our house and we connected. What is involved in removing the 7 years old above system?? Can we just have someone with a bulldozer dismantle? Thanks!

On 2017-01-26 19:16:54.981456 by (mod) - Do all septic tanks have a grease trap

Anon:

No. Grease traps are usually required for commercial installations like kitchens and restaurants, and the grease trap is installed in the building drain system well ahead of the septic tank.

See GREASE INTERCEPTORS TRAPS for details.

On 2017-01-17 16:24:23.858155 by Anonymous

Do all septic tanks have a grease trap

On 2017-01-16 15:34:57.460785 by (mod) - proper opeating pressure for an aerobic drip septic system?

David:

Using a UCANR.EDU guide to aerobic drip systems I found that the pump is normally running ahead of the spin filter runs at 30-35 psi and - important - a pressure reducer/regulator downstream from those components regulates the drip distribution piping pressure to a standard 15-20 psi in the drip lines themselves.

You'll want to have a complete operating manual for your specific aerobic drip system as its specifications could be different.

Source:

  • "Design, Installation and Operation Manual For Subsurface Drip Irrigation Systems Utilizing Aerobically Treated Wastewater", University of California Cooperative Extension, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Research and Extension Center Administration Office, 2801 Second St., Davis, CA 95918 Tel: (530) 750-1200 http://ucanr.edu/sites/adi/files/204434.pdf

Great question, I don't know and will do some research. I suspect the number ultimately is not a constant but rather depends on the specific aerobic system design and the soil properties - its absorption rate + the evaporation rate.

On 2017-01-15 16:06:16.414943 by David

How much pressure is required or how far back do you close the return valve on an aerobic drip septic system?

On 2017-01-04 02:25:20.372078 by (mod) - we are buying a house with a septic system, how do we find out about it?

You need an onsite expert inspector who inspects house plumbing, site for signs of trouble, and then, IF you have a contractor open the septic tank you can find more about its condition and can determine if it's even worth trying to do a septic loading test.

Search InspectApedia.com for HOME BUYERS GUIDE to SEPTIC SYSTEMS to read what you need to do and in what order.

On 2017-01-04 02:22:23.994061 by Serena

Question we are looking at a house to buy the house has been empty for at least 6 months and I have heard there are issues with the septic system. Really do not know how long the system has been in place but guessing over 10 years.

We noticed in the yard a low spot where the system is at and water standing there.

What would be your first step in trying to figure out what to do? There is currently no water at the place so I think I'm limited on what I can do evaluate the situation.

On 2016-12-08 01:47:46.000197 by (mod) - Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) can be used to map septic systems underground.

Thanks Matt. Can you give a typical survey cost?

On 2016-12-06 14:47:42.279315 by Matt Turner

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) can be used to map septic systems underground. An underground map can be made of the system.

...

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