SEWAGE PUMP BUYERS GUIDE - CONTENTS: Septic grinder pumps - where to buy, guide to brands of septic pumps and septic grinder or ejector pumps - buyers' guide. Where to buy Septic tank pumps, septic grinder pumps, septic effluent pumps. What type of septic pump should you buy?
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Sewage pump or septic pump buyers' guide:
This article offers buying advice for Septic Grinder Pumps, Sewage Pumping Stations, &
Septic Pump Alarms. We discuss the types of sewage and sewage grinder pumps available and we provide where-to-buy information for sewage grinder pumps: contact information for sewage pump brands, models, manufacturers, and suppliers.
What's the difference between a septic grinder pump, sewage grinder pump & sewage effluent pump?
The general name for these pumps is sewage grinder pumps if they are intended to grind and move black water or sewage. A sewage grinder pump is synonymous with a septic grinder pump.
the pump is intended only to move clarified effluent, say from a septic tank to a drain field the proper term to use is sewage effluent pumps.
Defintion: Sewage effluent pumps, also referred to as sump pumps and dewatering pumps, are designed to move liquid wastewater, not solid sewage waste. Sewage effluent pumps typically use an impeller assembly that can handle small solids up to about 3/4" but not larger solids such as feces. Toilet paper will probably clog an effluent pump as will large solids. An effluent pump is typically used to lift clarified effluent from a septic tank pumping chamber up to an efflent disposal mound, raised bed, or soakbed that is at a higher elevation.
What can be confusing is that a data sheet for some sewage effluent pumps may include references to both effluent/sump/dewatering applications and [light-duty] sewage applications, but note that the pump models will be different.
Here is what a large pump manufacturer says about effluent/sump/dewatering pumps:
*Effluent systems should specify that pumps should not handle solids exceeding three fourths inch (¾") in order to prevent large solids from entering leeching fields, mound systems etc.
(Model 49 and 70 Series have 3/8" solids capability, 50, 90, 140, 145/4145, 151, 371 and 372 Series have ½", 130 Series has 5/8", 152,153, and 160/4160/180/4180, 373 Series have
¾".) Where codes permit, sewage pumps can be used for effl uent systems. Nonautomatic pump(s) with external level control recommended for septic tank effl uent applications. - Zoeller (2009)
Definition: Sewage ejector pumps, or sewage grinder pumps, are designed to pump residential or household sewage or blackwater to a destination such as an elevated septic tank or to a city sewer (for homes whose lower baths are at a depth below the level of their sewer line). A sewage grinder pump uses an actual grinder blade assembly that is metal, sharp, and designed to macerate solids such as feces and toilet paper: flushable wastes. Note that even a grinder pump may choke on tampons or even dental floss.
Directory of Producers of Septic Pumps, Sewage Pumps, Grinder Pumps, Effluent Pumps: Contact Information
Several sewage pump manufacturers produce
a separate line of commercial or municipal sewage grinder pumps from those used in residential application. CONTACT us to add pumps to this list. No fees or costs are involved. InspectAPedia.com has no financial relationship with any company, product, or service discussed at this website.
CRANE PUMPS and Systems, 420 Third Street, Piqua, Ohio 45356 Phone: (937) 778-8947 and Crane Pumps and Systems,
83 West Drive, Bramton,
Ontario, Canada L6T 2J6,
Phone: (905) 457-6223
Fax: (937) 773-7157 Fax: (905) 457-2650
www.cranepumps.com. See Weinman submersible sewage ejector pump installation and service manual for an example instructions for the Weinman Series WE and 3WE sewage ejector pumps ranging from .5 to 1 hp.
Drain & Sewage Ejector Packages, plumbingsupply.com, Tel: 530-891-6428, 24 hour message phone: 530-891-1556, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Sewage Ejector pump types, models, float control switches using Little Giant and Zoeller sewage pumps as examples, web search 08/15/11, original source http://www.plumbingsupply.com/
ENVIRONMENT ONE CORPORATION, 2773 Balltown Road, Niskayuna, NY 12309, Tel 518-346-6161, website: www.eone.com/sewers
E/One Extreme Series grinder pump stations for indoor and outdoor installations, residential and light commercial applications.
An Environment One grinder pump schematic sketch is shown at the top of this article. The Environment One Corporation has contributed illustrations to this article series. InspectApedia.com has no financial nor business relationship with the company nor with any other company or product discussed at our website.
Float Switches for Pumps, plumbingsupply.com, Sewage Ejector pump types, models, float control switches using Little Giant and Zoeller sewage pumps as examples, web search 08/15/11, original source http://www.plumbingsupply.com/
FLOTEC 800-365-6832, Flotec produces a wide range of effluent pumps, grinder pumps, sewage pumps, sump pumps
FRANKLIN MILLER 60 Okner Parkway, Livingston, NJ 07039 USA Tel: 973-535-9200, Wastewater Sewage Grinders,
GORMAN-RUPP, P.O. Box 1217, Mansfield, Ohio 44901-1217, Tel: (419) 755-1011
Fax (419) 755-1263. Gorman produces a very wide range of pumps including septic pumps, sewage pumps, effluent pumps, grinder pumps, submersible shredder pumps, IPT
GRUNDFOS PUMPS CORPORATION, 2555 Clovis Ave., Clovis CA 93612, Tel: 800-333-1366, web search 8/9/11, original source
HYDROMATIC PENTAIR WATER, 740 East 9th Street, Ashland, OH 44805,
Web Site: http://www.hydromatic.com
JWC ENVIRONMENTAL, NWCE North American Headquarters, North American Headquarters
290 Paularino Ave.
Costa Mesa, CA 92626, USA
Phone: (949) 833-3888
Toll Free: (800) 331-2277
Fax: (949) 833-8858
email@example.com, Muffin Monster - Model 3000, inline municipal sewage pump
LITTLE GIANT PUMPS, Tel: 877-869-0200, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Little Giant produces a wide range of pumping equipment including sewage and wastewater pumps
LIBERTY PUMPS, Liberty Pumps, 7000 Apple Tree Avenue, Bergen, NY 14416, Tel: 1-800-543-2550
Fax: 1-585-494-1839, Email: email@example.com. Submersible pumps, sewage pumps, effluent pumps, grinder pumps. Submersible sewage pumps include the LE series line ranging from 4/10 hp up to 2 hp. LIberty also provides simplex and duplex pump systems and engineered septic and sewage pump systems.
MYERS PUMPS, Myers Applied Wastewater Systems - 1101 Myers Parkway Ashland, OH 44805, Phone: 419-289-1144, Fax: 419-289-6658, or in Canada: Myers, 269 Trillium Drive, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada N2G 4W5 Tel: 519-748-5470
Fax 519-748-2553Myers produces a wide range of pumps including sump pumps, sewage pumps, effluent pumps
SUPERIOR SEWAGE PUMPS 2805 Fairview Ave. N Roseville, MN 55113, Tel: 800-495-9278Tel: 651-487-0378. Superior produces sewage pumps (float operated submersibles)
TSRUMI PUMPS, Tsurumi (America), Inc.
1625 Fullerton Court,
Glendale Heights, IL 60139,
toll free: 888-TSURUMI (878-7864),
firstname.lastname@example.orgTsurumi Pump produces sewer pumps and submersible pumps, categorized as wastewater pumps, sewage pumps, and centrifugal pumps including portable equipment.
WAYNE PUMPS, 101 Production Drive, Harrison OH 45030, Tel: 800-237-0987. Wayne produces a range of sewage pumps and water pumps including cast iron submersible pumps
Weinman sewer pumps - see Crane above.
ZOELLER PUMP COMPANY, 3649 Cane Run Rd., Louisville, KY 40211, Phone: 1-800-928-7867, 502-778-2731
Fax: 502-774-3624. Technical support and/or quote related emails: email@example.com. Z
oeller produces just about every kind of septic, sewage, effluent, grinder, and sump pump. Homeowners who need a sewage pump are asked to contact their local representative or retail sales outlet. Zoeller classes their pumps into these categories:
Grinder pumps, such as Zoeller's 810/815 Turnkey Grinder Systems, 800-series Grinder Pumps, Cold-Climate grinder pumps, Simplex prepackaged grinder pump systems, and Simplex and Duplex (two pumps) grinder systems including four outdoor use.
Utility, pedestal, & gas engine pumps. These are portable gas-engine powered pumps used typically in construction, service, or emergencies
Sewage & Dewatering pumps, such as certain Aqua-Mate Models and Waste-Mate models, and Sewage-Waste 600-series pumps
Sump, Effluent, Dewatering pumps, such as Water Ridd'r , Mighty-Mate, Aqua-Mate, Flow-Mate, and High Head Flow-Mate pumps - of certain models - be sure to read the manufacturer's intended use for a pump model before purchasing it
What Type of Septic Pump or Sewage Pump Should I Buy?
The type of sewage pump you need depends on how it will be used. The pumps at left may have been a misapplication for this municipal lift station ,which may explain why we found these discarded units on the site. Septic pump systems vary by these parameters:
Grinder vs. ejector pump: in how they treat the waste
Lift capacity or "head": by how many feet of elevation does the waste need to be raised to reach the build. "Head" is the term used to describe the height in feet that a column of wastewater needs to be raised, and is expressed in feet of lift. A "ten foot head" means that the pump has to be powerful enough to lift the column of waste water ten feet vertical distance.
Total wastewater system capacity: how many toilets and other fixtures is the pump serving.
A basement bath including a shower, sink, and toilet, uses a small pre-packaged low-capacity septic grinder pump that may be just 1/3 hp. while in a home where all of the wastewater needs to be moved from a common pumping point to a higher-elevation sewer line, an higher capacity multi-horsepower pump needs to be used (and probably should be installed duplexed with a pair of pumps.)
Size of solids that need to be removed: larger solids are handled by larger grinder pumps. A pump with a four-inch impeller housing and impeller will typically be able to handle solids up to 3" in diameter without clogging.
Water temperature: most sewage pumps are designed to operate at a maximum temperature of 180 deg F. So if a restaurant were installing a pumping station that had to handle near-boiling water, say from a commercial dishwasher or an asian fast-food cooking line, special equipment may be needed.
Duty cycle: a community pumping station or a sewage pumping system serving a multi-family home needs to be able to run more frequently to handle the much higher wastewater load than that from a single family home.
Reliability requirements: while single-pump systems are often installed to support an extra basement bathroom, where a sewage pump is handling an entire home or larger facility, duplex septic pumping systems (shown in the photo at left) are preferable for their greater reliability.
Remember that in a power outage your pump system will not work unless you've provided backup power.
Vertically-suspended sewage grinder pumps and closely-coupled submersible sewage grinder pumps are further distinguished and described in more detail at SEPTIC PUMPING STATIONS.
Septic pump manufacturers provide a pump selection and sizing table that is used to guide the installer in selecting the proper pump. We've seen sewage handling systems where the wrong type or wrong capacity of pump was installed, sometimes as an attempt to "save money."
Two types of sewage pumps are used in residential applications, sewage grinder pumps or sewage ejectors pumps, and non-clogging sewage ejector pumps. We describe these next at Septic Pump Duplex System Designs or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
Inline Sewage Grinder Pumps
I purchased a modular home 14 years ago, it's 66 ft long and I don't feel that the drop angle of the drainage pipes from the home to the septic is right. Is there a inline ejector pump available? - B.K. - 3 Aug 2013
A competent onsite inspection by an expert usually finds additional clues that would permit a more accurate, complete, and authoritative answer than we can give by email alone. You will find additional depth and detail in articles at our website.
That said I offer these comments:
I'm not sure I correctly understand what you are asking about with the term "inline ejector pump" but I am guessing you want to know if there is a sewage pump that is placed horizontally in line along the route of a drain system.
A problem faced by simple residential sewage grinder pumps is that we need a way to know how to turn the pump on and off when needed - manufacturers solve this problem with a modest plastic reservoir chamber; sewage or wastewater flows into the reservoir; when the wastewater level reaches a level high enough to justify a pump-on cycle, a float switch turns on the pump which grinds and pushes sewage to an outlet plumbing line.
Indeed there are types of "in line" sewage grinder pumps available from severasl manufacturers listed in our article SEWAGE PUMP BUYERS GUIDE including Crane. A quick search of inline grinder pump products returns first high capacity municipal sewer system pumps that are not intended for residential use. For example, and quoting from Crane, include pumps handling flows up to 1,200 gpm and fitting pipe diameters with a 1-4" discharge. Inline pumps are available in both vertical and horizontal pipe hookup models, and some industrial models are indeed intended for sewage pumping such as
JWC Environmental's Muffin Monster
The Muffin Monster sewage grinder has proven itself over the last four decades in the most demanding wastewater solids reduction applications including pump stations, sludge lines, receiving stations, fish processing facilities, prisons, jails and more. - jwce.com
Some smaller inline sewage pumps as well as larger municipal equipment include
Franklin Miller (Taskmaster inline sewage grinder)
Mrudy WQ (D)X inline sewaqe pump
Purity inline sewage pump
Watch out: not all of these are intended for sewage pumping:
Deming Inline Pumps feature a space saving, back pull-out design which allows versatile applications in a wide range of industries. Available in 11 size configurations. ANSI pumps meet the dimensional requirements of ANSI B73.2. - Crane Pumps and Systems
Weinman In-line pumps are specifically designed for heating, air conditioning and industrial applications. Suction and discharge nozzles are located 180° apart on the same centerline for mounting directly in a pipe line. This eliminates critical pipe alignment for ease of assembly and minimum pipe strain. The need for costly foundations is eliminated, which guarantees minimum space requirements. - Crane Pumps and Systems
I offer these suggestions to address your concern for possibly inadequately -sloped building drain piping that is resulting in clogs and backups:
1. before buying and installing a grinder pump, inline or reservoir type, it makes sense to get an accurate diagnosis of the actual problem. Indeed my cousin's bragging about the great deal he got on the price of a house in Phoeniz was mitigated by the discovery that when he flushed toilets sewage came up through the first floor bathtub drain. An investigation by a savvy plumber included some elevation measurements easily made by checking the depth and elevation of the drain line at various cleanouts. He found that the builder had installed a long nearly-flat building drain line between the house and the sewer line. The fix was not easy nor cheap and would have involved excavating to re-set the line.
But more often recurrent sewer line clogs and backups are due to a more localized problem such as a partly broken, cracked, root-clogged, or otherwise impeded section of a drain line. If a plumbing drain camera inspection of your drain system discovered that this is the problem at your building it might make more sense to open and fix the bad drain section than to try to keep forcing sewage past a recurrent clog point that may in time become a solid clog - a section of piping that ultimately has to be opened and replaced or reparied, wasting the prior cost of the grinder pump.
2. At SEWAGE PUMP BUYERS GUIDE we list a number of companies offering a large variety of sewage pumps - give some of these folks a call to see what products they recommend.
Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia
Questions & answers or comments about buying sewage pumps and grinder pumps: brands, models, pump supply sources, pump parts suppliers
Use the "Click to Show or Hide FAQs" link just above to see recently-posted questions, comments, replies, try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.
 Environment One Corporation, 2773 Balltown Road, Niskayuna, NY 12309, Tel 518-346-6161,l website: www.eone.com/sewers E/One Extreme Series grinder pump stations for indoor and outdoor installations, residential and light commercial applications.
Septic Tank/Soil-Absorption Systems: How to Operate & Maintain [ copy on file as /septic/Septic_Operation_USDA.pdf ] - , Equipment Tips, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 8271 1302, 7100 Engineering, 2300 Recreation, September 1982, web search 08/28/2010, original source: http://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdfimage/82711302.pdf.
 Pennsylvania State Fact Sheets relating to domestic wastewater treatment systems include
Pennsylvania State Wastewater Treatment Fact Sheet SW-161, Septic System Failure: Diagnosis and Treatment
Pennsylvania State Wastewater Treatment Fact Sheet SW-162, The Soil Media and the Percolation Test
Pennsylvania State Wastewater Treatment Fact Sheet SW-l64, Mound Systems for Wastewater Treatment
Pennsylvania State Wastewater Treatment Fact Sheet SW-165, Septic Tank-Soil Absorption Systems
 Document Sources used for this web page include but are not limited to: Agricultural Fact Sheet #SW-161 "Septic Tank Pumping," by Paul D. Robillard and
Kelli S. Martin. Penn State College of Agriculture - Cooperative Extension, edited and annotated by
Dan Friedman (Thanks: to Bob Mackey for proofreading the original source material.)
 US EPA Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual [online copy, free] Top Reference: US EPA's Design Manual for Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal, 1980, available from the US EPA, the US GPO Superintendent of Documents (Pueblo CO), and from the National Small Flows Clearinghouse. Original source http://www.epa.gov/ORD/NRMRL/Pubs/625R00008/625R00008.htm Onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems,
Richard J Otis, published by the US EPA. Although it's more than 20 years old, this book remains a useful reference for septic system designers.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Program Operations; Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory; (1980)
 "International Private Sewage Disposal Code," 1995, BOCA-708-799-2300, ICBO-310-699-0541, SBCCI 205-591-1853, available from those code associations.
 "Manual of Policy, Procedures, and Guidelines for Onsite Sewage Systems," Ontario Reg. 374/81, Part VII of the Environmental
Protection Act (Canada), ISBN 0-7743-7303-2, Ministry of the Environment,135 St. Clair Ave. West, Toronto Ontario M4V 1P5 Canada $24. CDN.
 Manual of Septic Tank Practice, US Public Health Service's 1959.
 Septic System Owner's Manual, Lloyd Kahn, Blair Allen, Julie Jones, Shelter Publications, 2000 $14.95 U.S. - easy to understand, well illustrated, one of the best practical references around on septic design basics including some advanced systems; a little short on safety and maintenance. Both new and used (low priced copies are available, and we think the authors are working on an updated edition--DF.
Quoting from one of several Amazon reviews: The basics of septic systems, from underground systems and failures to what the owner can do to promote and maintain a healthy system, is revealed in an excellent guide essential for any who reside on a septic system. Rural residents receive a primer on not only the basics; but how to conduct period inspections and what to do when things go wrong. History also figures into the fine coverage.
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
Advanced Onsite Wastewater Systems Technologies, Anish R. Jantrania, Mark A. Gross. Anish Jantrania, Ph.D., P.E., M.B.A., is a Consulting Engineer, in Mechanicsville VA, 804-550-0389 (2006). Outstanding technical reference especially on alternative septic system design alternatives. Written for designers and engineers, this book is not at all easy going for homeowners but is a text I recommend for professionals--DF.
Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. Tel: (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. The firm provides professional home inspection services & home inspection education & publications. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Illustrated Home purchased as a single order Enter INSPECTAILL in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment, useful for determining the age of heating boilers, furnaces, water heaters is provided by Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto - Carson Dunlop Weldon & Associates Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on these courses: Enter INSPECTAHITP in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
The Horizon Software System manages business operations,scheduling, & inspection report writing using Carson Dunlop's knowledge base & color images. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones