Fan limit switch wiring details: This article describes in detail the installation & wiring of furnace combination controls, also commonly called the "fan limit switch" on warm air heating systems.
The photo at the top of this page shows all of the controls and wiring terminals in a Honeywell combination fan and limit control installed horizontally on a gas furnace.
This article series answers most questions about central heating system troubleshooting, inspection, diagnosis, and repairs. We describe how to inspect, troubleshoot and repair heating and air conditioning systems to inform home owners, buyers, and home inspectors of common heating system defects.
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Here we include both old and current guides to Installing & Wiring Fan Limit Switches on Warm Air Furnace Heating Systems; Furnace Combination Control Operating Temperature Range & Limits; Where to mount the furnace Fan-Limit Control; Honeywell Combination Furnace Control type L4064 wiring hookup explained and illustrated in detail; Wiring Notes for the Combination Furnace Control L4064B; Honeywell L4064B Limit Wiring When Controlling Low Voltage - Control wiring Details
The following example of wiring a fan limit control switch is based on advice from the Honeywell Tradeline L4064B. Check the test specifications provided by the manufacturer of your particular control.
The switch portion of this control can tolerate 190 °F. and the sensing element can handle up to 350 °F.
The control can handle 120V and 240V devices and can also be wired to control low-voltage devices. The electrical wiring used must also be rated for suitable temperature exposure (Honeywell advises wiring rated for 167°F).
The sketch at left, courtesy of Carson Dunlop, shows an improper (too high) upper limit setting - this is an unsafe fan-limit switch setup which is likely to allow the furnace to overheat, risking heat exchanger damage and dangerous carbon monoxide leaks.
At 120V the control can switch fan motor loads at 14 Amps full load (84 Amps locked rotor load), and the limit switch (presumably an oil or gas burner) can handle up to 8 Amps full load (48 Amps locked rotor load).
When controlling 240V devices the fan or blower control can handle up to 7 Amps full load (42 Amps LRA) and the limit switch can handle 4 Amps full load (24A LRA).
This furnace combination control is mounted on the furnace in a location where the bimetallic spring/probe (shown above in this article) will protrude into the warm air plenum to sense furnace air temperatures there. Each furnace manufacturer will provide instructions of where, on their system, the air temperature should be monitored for control purposes.
The reason the control manufacturer warns that the control tip should not touch any internal surfaces of the furnace is that doing so can cause improper reading of furnace air temperatures or could damage the control or prevent free movement of the bimetallic spring in response to temperature changes.
Of course if you are replacing an old control that has failed, just mount the control in the same location that held the prior unit. When replacing an old furnace limit control, make sure that the new control has a sensing tip of the same length as the unit being replaced. Otherwise the new control may not work safely.
The manufacturer provides details for surface mounting, rigid-bracket mounting, or swivel-mounting of the control. Which of these methods you choose depends on what mounting is needed to place the sensor probe in the proper location in the air plenum.
This control can be wired to serve as a safety LIMIT switch on a furnace by wiring just the limit terminals on the control. When the device is used both to control a furnace fan on-and off as well as serve as a LIMIT switch, then all four terminals are used.
Fan control wiring: As Honeywell's illustration shows, the two fan terminals are on the upper and lower left side of the control.
Line voltage is wired at the bottom left push-in terminal.
Load voltage (to the fan) is wired at the upper left push-in terminal.
Limit control wiring: As the illustration shows, the two LIMIT terminals are on the upper and lower right side of the L4064B control.
The Line (power in) wire is connected to the lower right push-in terminal, and the Load (wire to oil or gas burner) is wired to the upper right push-in terminal.
The wiring diagrams shown in more detail below are typical for wiring the furnace combination control on heating systems. Remember that all electrical wiring of furnace controls (or any other electrical devices) must comply with national and local electrical codes as well as the specifications of the control manufacturer and the furnace manufacturer.
Wires are connected to the control using push-in terminals. A wire strip gauge is provided on the left side of many versions of this control. The control used for our photos came with additional push-in terminals (Part # 137813) that can be used to convert the push-in wiring connectors to screw-terminal connectors. This is a great idea if you expect to be changing wiring from time to time. (Dr. Jess Aronstein's research has demonstrated that repeated-use or re-use of push-in type terminals on electrical receptacles does not provide a very reliable connection. This may be true for this control as well.)
In most applications in the U.S. and Canada the Honeywell L4064B combination control is used to switch on and off 115V-120V or 240V fans and heating burners, or on some gas equipment, the burner controls (the LIMIT switch function) operates at lowe voltage. The pull-out or break-off tab discussed below at "Low Voltage Control Installation Notes" is left in place for line voltage applications.
[Click to enlarge any image]
The left-illustration shows normal wiring for this set-up. The fan or furnace blower motor is controlled by the two left connections (green dots); the furnace limit switch which will turnoff the burner if the temperature limit is reached is controlled by the two right connections (red dots). Here the furnace limit switch is controlling a line-voltage device. The colored triangles refer to notes given below.
The right-hand illustration above shows the wiring for controlling line voltage when the jumper or pull out tab has been removed. You can see that in effect the installer in effect is replacing the missing jumper by installing a common wire to both terminals on either side of the contacts where the jumper was removed. This important detail permits this control to be used to control line voltage (120V) devices even if the jumper has been removed or the paper pull-out tab on older controls has been lost.
Additional installation details for this control in the latest form are available from Honeywell.
To prepare the L4064B furnace control for use in a low-voltage application, simply remove the small red cardboard tab shown at left or break off the copper jumper between the two contacts in the same location on newer models of this control.
If you make a mistake and remove this tab and then realize that you need to use this control to handle line voltage (120V or 240V) you can simply install a jumper wire as we show in the right-hand illustration just above on this page.
I installed a new fan limit switch but in my rush I missed removing the brass jumper for low voltage.
I tested it and it started and stopped. I can't seem to find the damage.
Do i need to buy and replace the limit switch again? I've checked the fuses and replaced both but still wont work. what else do I need to check. thanks
Dennis, I'm sorry to have to play it safe, but reading Honeywell's warning that the control could be damaged, I just wouldn't take a chance.
Watch out: A problem is that just as a bent spring can change how a switch performs, internal damage could be subtle and not visible, but the fan limit may not perform safely.
Certainly you can go through the recommended fan limit switch test procedures described above on this page to confirm that the swtich is doing what it is intended to do.
If you are still concerned I'd repalce the switch rather than take a chance or lose sleep over it.
The diagram at left shows how to wire the Honeywell L4064B combination furnace control when it is used to control low-voltage equipment.
This tab is found protruding from the control near the center of the bottom of its face. You'll see embossed on the control above this tab the words "Remove for Low Voltage".
Newer versions of this control have a brass jumper in the same location. The brass jumper is broken off for low-voltage use and is not replaceable once it has been removed.
The fan or furnace blower motor is controlled by the two left connections (green dots).
The furnace limit switch which will turnoff the burner if the temperature limit is reached is controlled by the two right connections (red dots). Here the furnace limit switch is controlling a low-voltage device such as a heating furnace gas valve. The colored triangles refer to notes given below.
Before wiring this or any control be sure to obtain the latest data from the manufacturer of the control and the furnace on which it is to be installed. Additional installation details for the Honeywell L4064B Combination Fan Limit control in the latest form are available from Honeywell.
After wiring this control make sure you've use the proper settings by reading
over FAN LIMIT CONTROL SETTINGS and then be sure you test the combination fan and limit switch for safe and proper operation.
Continue reading at FAN LIMIT SWITCH TROUBLESHOOTING or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.
Or see BLOWER FAN OPERATION & TESTING if your heating or cooling system blower fan itself appears not to be working,
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how to wire a fan relay switch - Kenneth Sanders 10/7/2012
Kenneth, please see FAN LIMIT SWITCH INSTALLATION
(July 24, 2011) MEHMET said:
Hi see if you could hlep me I have a gas- furnces model ghs-100 can I hook up my air conditioning to it
I'm unclear just want you are trying to do; it sounds to me as if you need an on-site trained HVAC technician.
(Oct 4, 2011) Weeks Parker said:
Please tell me where to connect the black wire coming from my Honeywell Fan Limiter switch, model L4064. It goes to the 24 volt relay, but I do not know which terminal to connect it to. Does it go to the armateur or to the top or bottom terminal of the single pole double throw relay. or does it go some place else?
Weeks I don't quite understand the options in your question, but indeed the typical fan limit switch wiring is described and illustrated with schematics in the article above as well as in the installation pamphlet for the fan limit switch and usually also right inside the limit switch cover itself. I'm always nervous about giving very specific wiring instructions like "where do I connect the black wire" because being offsite and just reading someone's message I have no confidence that I know for sure how the "black wire" is connected at its other end.
(Mar 26, 2014) Ralph-NY said:
How do you determine which wire (black or white) is the line voltage and which one is the load voltage for the fan.
How could I check with a multimeter?
By convention we use black for line and white for load.
To check, and provided you know how to use a DMM or VOM safely, one could check for voltage on either wire. The one containig voltage is the "Line" wire.
Start with a simple neon tester for voltage as discussed at
(June 8, 2014) Paul Black said:
I need to wire a woodfurnace 1st stage heat and 90+ gas furnace second stage heat with ac system on the gas furnace I need to wire to one t-stat (both have transformers) and have both fans running when a call for heat or cool or fan on. Wood furnace has an inducer motor and blower motor hooked to limit switch. Do you have a wiring diagram I can use
(Nov 5, 2014) Anonymous said:
hi my dad has a Honeywell Combination Fan & Limit Controls on Warm Air Furnace model number L4064B2848 but im looking for it on amazon ebay and other sites and keep coming up with no results page. why can't i find this model ? and is there other model that i can use thats the same as that model?
im going to have my friend install it but before i buy it if i can find one.. i want to make sure im buying the right part. i can see the flame and i can hear the fan spin but theres no warm heat coming out of the heaters and my dads home is cold :( we cant control it from the thermostats and the scale plate isnt moving anymore? please help me out
(Nov 7, 2014) (mod) said:
Anon with apology for sounding a bit like a smart alec, I suggest that you want a trained heating service tech to inspect and repair your dad's furnace. We don't yet have a diagnosis of what's wrong, so I can't assume that the fan limit switch you want to replace is even the culprit. If the burner runs and the blower fan operates, I don't start by suspecting the fan limit switch. More likely I'd expect disconnected, crushed, or collapsed air ducts to explain why no air is being delivered.
(Nov 16, 2014) Al said:
I'm installing a coal stove beside my "propain" furnace with an enclosed hood over it & ducting it into my cold air return.
I want to install a fan limit switch over the coal stove & wire it in parallel with my furnace fan limit switch so that the new limit switch will run the furnace blower to suck in the warm coal stove air thru the cold air return to circulate it thru the furnace air filter & throughout the house. I want the set-up to enable either limit switch to control the furnace blower when they sense enough warm air & the demand for heat at the thermostat.
This should be a simple matter of wiring to the power supply & connecting jumper wires from the furnace switch limit side terminals to the coal stove switch limit side terminals.... correct? If not, please advise the correct way to wire the coal stove limit switch to work as expected.
I read my question after I posted it and realized that I hadn't mentioned about connecting a jumper wire between the fan side terminals too. Below is how my question should have read:
This should be a simple matter of wiring to the power supply & connecting jumper wires from the furnace switch limit side & fan side terminals to the coal stove switch limit side & fan side terminals.... correct? If not, please advise the correct way to wire the coal stove limit switch to work as expected.
Watch out: When you use a heating control in any application not intended by the manufacturer your system could be unsafe risking a building fire or death. So if I were doing what you suggest I'd start by giving Honeywell technical support a call to ask if they agree with the approach.
(May 13, 2015) domenico said:
side este equipo me pueden pasar su traduccional español or itañliano.-
Gracias Sr. Domenico. Creo que porque estamos un sitio muy pequen~o, el costo de traducir paginas sea mas que podemos pagar. A veces usamos Google Translate.
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