Guide to types of modern flush toilets:
This article describes the types of flush toilets currently sold & installed world wide. We distinguish among back flush toilets, basement toilets, dual flush toilets, electric flush toilets, flushmate toilets, flushometer toilets (tankless), low profile toilets, low water-usage or water conserving toilets, top flush and up-flush toilet brands, designs, models.
Photographs are provided of each toilet type. We include descriptions of bidets, waterless toilets and waterless urinals.
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At left we include an illustration of the Japanese bidet toilet (. photo - Wikipedia). photographed in the Asahikawa grand hotel in Asahikawa, Japan. Bidet toilets deliver a warm water washing oscillating stream from beneath the seat (shown) that is adjustable in temperature and water spray volume.
[Click to enlarge any image]
The toilets generally include a heated seat with a temperature control, warm air drying, and in some models massage and deodorizing features.
In normal operation the toilet won't send its oscillating spray into the air as the Wikipedia photographer achieved for this photo; the Toto bidet toilet seat includes a pressure sensor to prevent such accidents.
The Toto Washlet® toilet or similar bidet toilets are reported to be installed in 72% of Japanese households - a figure which we question considering the cost. Contact information for Toto is below in this article. This is a dual flush water-saving toilet.
The Toto B100 Washlet™® toilet seat [Image] is a retrofit heated and bidet-type washing mechanism that can be retrofitted to Toto (and possibly other) elongated bowl toilets. Particularly for the disabled, models of Toto's bidet toilets or toilet seats can be a significant benefit, as was the model installed by the author's sister.
Also as an aid to the elderly or disabled are electric raised-seat toilets [Image] that provide a lift mechanism to assist the user in getting on and off of the toilet.
Toto's Washlet® ($1,350. USD) is an add-on toilet seat that is plugged into a nearby electrical outlet and connected to a water supply to provide heated water, a built-in deodorizing system, a heated toilet seat, a warm air dryer and other features.
Above: a Toto Washlet® toilet seat that sports a remote control (below) and water temperature control features.
A self-cleaning spray wand washes the user's bottom.
The seat pre-mists the toilet bowl prior to use to improve clean flushing and 25 seconds after the user flushes the toilet the Washlet® sprays the toilet bowl with electrolyzed water that the company brands as eWater+ using a process that temporarily changes the property of water to include properties similar to household bleach NaOCL or sodium hypochlorite to improve tilet bowl cleaning.
Prices for Toto's back flush or bottom flush toilets range from about $1,700 to $4,000 for the company's Neorest700H#01 dual flush toilet with an integrated Washlet seat and ewater+ while prices for Toto add-on toilet seats that can be mounted on an existing toilet range from about $250. to $1,700. USD.
Three photographs of the Toto Washlet toilet seat system shown above were provided courtesy of Paul Galow, Galow Consulting, Poughkeepsie NY.
Brondell® also produces add-on toilet seats in both electric and non-electric models offering cleansing, heated water, deodorizing, heated seat, and bidet features. at prices between $180. and $600. USD.
Manufacturers of combined toilet and bidet into a single unit include several companies:
Contemporary gravity-flush toilets use a tank attached to the toilet bowl itself, relying on improved flush valve controls to provide the water flow rate into the bowl to empty it and clean the bowl sides. We illustrate several types below.
Below we illustrate a 1970's low profile toilet, a recent Canterbury™ one-piece toilet produced by Eljer (below center)that molds the toilet bowl and tank out of a single piece of material, and at below right we illustrate a contemporary Crane two piece 1.6 gallon flush toilet.
Among many modern designs for water saving toilets are shown below are the Glacier Bay top flush control dual flush two piece toilet (below-left) installed by the authors, a 1990's water saving toilet that uses a plastic reservoir baffle inside the toilet tank (below center) also installed by the author, and at below right is an Eljer Titan™ 1.6 gpf one piece toilet.
Below is the Toto Aquia® wall-hung dual-flush toilet ($400. USD). The toilet uses 1.6 or 0.9 gallons per flush. As illustrated at below left, this toilet uses an in-wall tank or cistern to produce flush water. Contact information for Toto is above on this page. Also see BACK FLUSH TOILETS.
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Del Porto D. (2000) The Composting System Handbook, The EcoS
an Center, The Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention,
cc/ecosan.htmDel Porto D. (2000) The Composting System Handbook, The EcoS an Center, The Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention, http://www.cepp. cc/ecosan.html . Lachapelle P. (1995) A Report on human waste management in Mt Everest National Park, http://www.uvm.edu/~r lachape/toilets.html
Mara D. and Feachem R. (1980) Technical and public health aspects of low cost sanitation progra mme planning. Jour nal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83:229-240. Pacey A. (1978) Sanitation in Developing Countries.
Oxfam and Ross Institute of Tropical Hygiene. Papaport D. (1995) Sewage pollution in Pacific island countries and how to prevent it. A report produced for Greenpeace Pacific, Center for Clean Development, http://www.uvm.edu/~rla chape/dev-pacis.html .
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dry sanitation with waste reuse. Well Studies in Water and Environment no 324,
"Story: Rock, limestone and clay Part of page 8 – Ceramics and pottery ", TEARA, The Enyclopedia of New Zealand, Video retrieved 9/18/14, original source: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/video/5254/clay-toilets, Te Ara, Manatū Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage, PO Box 5364, Wellington, New Zealand, Tel: +64 4 499 4229, Email: TeAra@mch.govt.nz
 Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 firstname.lastname@example.org. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission to use illustrations from their publication, The Illustrated Home which illustrates construction details and building components. Carson Dunlop provides home inspection education including the ASHI-adopted a Home Inspection Home Study Course, and publications such as the Home Reference Book, the Home Reference eBook, and report writing materials including the Horizon report writer, and home inspect ion services. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors.
 1991 ADA Standards for Accessible Design, U.S. Department of Justice, 28 CFR Part 36, Revised as of July 1, 1994, excerpts; web search 5/10/12, original source: http://www.ada.gov/stdspdf.htm [copy on file as ADA_Standards_1994.pdf]
 Alliance for Water Efficiency, 300 W Adams Street, Suite 601
Chicago, Illinois 60606, Tel: 866-730-A4WE, Website: http://www.allianceforwaterefficiency.org/ Quoting:
The Alliance for Water Efficiency is a stakeholder-based 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to the efficient and sustainable use of water. Located in Chicago, the Alliance serves as a North American advocate for water efficient products and programs, and provides information and assistance on water conservation efforts.
OSHA toilet standards: OSHA's sanitation standard for general industry, 29 CFR 1910.141(c)(l)(i), specifies that employers shall provide toilet facilities for their employees. Web-search 5/10/12, original source:
 Toilet Manufacturers' Product literature or websites were consulted for the following:
American Standard brand toilets (illustrated in this article), includes these additional plumbing fixture & component brands: Jade, Porcher (see below), Crane Plumbing, Eljer, Fiat, American StandardsProSite, Safety Tubs, http://www.americanstandard-us.com/
Atlas International brand toilets, Atlas USA, http://atlasusa.net/
Barclay brand toilets, Barclay Products Limited, 4000 Porett Dr., Gurnee, IL 60031, 847-244-1234, website: http://www.barclayproducts.com/
Caroma brand toilets, Caroma is Australian company; in Canada & the USA Tel: 800-605-4218, website: http://www.caromausa.com/
Church Seats, [toilet seats only], http://www.churchseats.com/ - our photo (left) shows a church toilet seat installed.
Circle City Copperworks 9325 Uptown Dr., Suite 500 Indianapolis, IN 46256-1079, sinks, other copper products, not toilets, website: http://www.circlecitycopperworks.com/
Crane Plumbing - see American Standard Products, above
Danze brand toilets, Tel: USA: 1-877-530-3344, Canada: 1-866-884-8841 http://www.danze.com/room_solutions.asp
Eljer brand toilets, (e.g. Titan one-piece elongated bowl 16 1/8" ADA-compliant)
Gerber brand toilets (e.g. Gerber Ultra Dual Flush elongated ErgoHeight DF-21-318 pressure-assisted 1.6 gallon flush unit.), USA: 1-866-538-5536 (9AM-6PM) Mon-Fri Canada: 1-866-884-8841 (8:30AM-5PM) Mon-Fri, http://www.gerberonline.com/default.aspx
Glacier Bay brand toilets, [Home Depot brand] porcelain, made in china, top flush control low-water ADA-height unit shown in this article. Cf. Globe Union Industrial Company of Canada, China, elsewhere. Also see Pegasus, Danze, Gerber. Glacier Bay Faucets and sanitaryware, 2455 Paces Ferry Road NW, .Atlanta, Ga. 30339-4024, 800-220-3036. http://www.glacierbayfaucetsreview.com/
Hastings Tile & Bath toilets, includes "hatbox" and wall mount sinks, bidets, & toilets, 30 Commercial Street Freeport, N. Y. 11520, Tel: (516) 379-3500. http://www.hastingstilebath.com,
Herbeau Creations brand toilets, Herbeau Creations of America 3600 Westview Drive Naples, FL 34104, Tel: (800) 547-1608, (since 1857), http://www.herbeau.com/Products.aspx?Item=5501
Inax brand toilets, 15 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011, Tel: 855-823-4434, http://www.inax-usa.com/gallery-ny/
Jacuzzi brand toilets, Tel: 800-288-4002., website: http://www.jacuzzi.com/
Jade, see American Standard Products, above
Jemal Wright Bath Designs toilets, Brazil & USA, 3140 SW 19th St. #572, Hallandale FL 33009 USA, Tel: 305-915-0960, email: email@example.com, website: http://www.jemalwright.com/
Kohler® brand toilets, Kohler Co. 444 Highland Drive Kohler, WI 53044, Tel 800-456-4537, Website http://www.kohler.com/corporate/index.html
Laufen Ceramicware brand toilets, world wide, LAUFEN Bathrooms AG Wahlenstrasse 46 CH-4242 Laufen, USA: Laufen Bathrooms North America 11190 NW 25th Street Miami, FL 33172, Tel: Tel: +1 866.696.2493 / +1 305.357.6130, Website: http://www.laufen.com
LeBijou brand toilets, - good luck finding this company or a home page for them - Ed.
Mirabelle brand toilets (e.g. Key West MIRKW241ABS), showrooms in the U.S. & Canada, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: http://www.mirabelleproducts.com/
Nameek's brand toilets, 1561 Gehman Rd., Harleysville, PA 19438, Tel: (215) 256-4197, Website: http://www.nameeks.com/Bathroom/
Neo-Metro Collection brand toilets, Neo-Metro 15125 Proctor Ave City of Industry CA 91746 U.S.A, Tel: 800.591.9050, Website: http://www.neo-metro.com
Panasonic brand toilets, (e.g. Panasonic toilet bowl with warm water flush system for washing user beauty cabinet de toilette W moment-type pearl ivory DL-WD60-CP; also the Zaraku portable toilet - http://ex-blog.panasonic.co.jp/exhibition/en/2008/09/hcr08_400.html)
Porcher brand toilets, originally a French brand, acquired by American Standard Companies in 1992, Website: http://www.porcher-us.com/
ProFlo brand toilets (e.g. Proflo PFCT 103WH)
Rapsel brand toilets,RAPSEL Spa Via Volta 13 - 20019 Settimo Milanese (MI), Italy Tel. 0039 02 3355981 Fax. 0039 02 33501306, Email: email@example.com Italian company, offices in Milan & New York, Website: http://www.rapsel.it/ or in the U.S. http://rapsel.wordpress.com/
Samuel Heath brand toilets, US & UK, USA Customer Service 111 E. 39th St. 2R New York NY 10016, Tel: 212 599 5177, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, or UK Head Office Samuel Heath & Sons plc Leopold Street Birmingham B12 0UJ, Tel: +44 121 766 4200, Email: email@example.comWebsite: http://www.samuel-heath.com/
Sterling brand toilets (e.g. Rockton S4020880), Sterling Plumbing 444 Highland Drive Kohler, WI 53044, Tel: 800-783-7546, Website: http://www.sterlingplumbing.com/
St. Thomas Creations brand toilets, St. Thomas Creations 3A South Middlesex Avenue Monroe Township, New Jersey 08831 USA, Tel. (800) 536-BATH (800-536-2284) Fax (609) 655- 2421, Email: E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: http://www.stthomascreations.com/
Toto brand toilets (e.g. Toto Drake CST744S, Neorest Hybrid, ) Brazil & USA, TOTO USA, INC. 1155 Southern Road Morrow, Georgia 30260, Tel: 888-295-8134, Tel: 1-888-295-8134, Email: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: http://www.totousa.com
Villeroy & Boch Bath & Kitchen brand toilets, International, offices in Canada, Mexico, United States, Villeroy & Boch AG Corporate Headquarters P.O. Box 1120 D 66688 Mettlach, Phone +49 (0) 68 64 - 81 - 0, Website: http://www.villeroy-boch.com/, Company founded 1748.
VitrA USA brand toilets, International, Brazil?, USA contact: Shawnee North Business Center 305 Shawnee North Drive Suite 600 Shawnee USA, Phone : +1 770 904 68 30 Fax : +1 770 904 68 91 www.vitra-usa.com, Website: http://usa.vitra.com.tr/
Whitehaus Collection brand toilets, Whitehaus Collection - 589 Boston Post Rd. West Haven, CT 06516 USA, Tel: 800.527.6690, Email: email@example.com, Website: http://whitehauscollection.com
 Wikipedia provided background information about some topics discussed at this website provided this citation is also found in the same article along with a " retrieved on" date. NOTE: because Wikipedia entries are fluid and can be amended in real time, we cite the retrieval date of Wikipedia citations and we do not assert that the information found there is necessarily authoritative.
"Flush Toilet", web search 5/10/12, original source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flush_toilet#Tank_style_with_flapper-flush-valve
"Japanese bidet toilet", web search 5/13/12, original source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_toilets
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