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THERMAL EXPANSION CRACKS in BRICK
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VENTILATION in BUILDINGS
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Guide to slider or glider windows & window inspections for defects & leaks: this article describes common defects (air or water leaks, out of square, operating difficulties) found in slider windows used in residential buildings
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Slider windows such as the page top installation on a cabin in Northern Minnesota and at left at a New York home can offer large horizontal expanses of glass and operable sash that do not interfere with interior or exterior space.
Our photo shows Andeson gliding windows (photo-right) that we [DJF] recently had installed during a log cabin renovation in Two Harbors, MN.
List of Glider / Slider Window DefectsTo avoid problems with slider windows, look for high-quality windows that slide freely. Also, consider alternatives such as a picture window with a casement along one side for ventilation. On some glider windows, especially high-volume lower-quality units we [DJF] have observed these defects:
Openings in sealant around windows allow water to leak into the wall. A casual inspection may see caulk and not recognize that the caulk or sealant was not applied effectively.
Most modern windows include an installing flange that deters leaks into the wall cavity at these defects, but sending wind-blown rain behind the wood siding on the home in our photo above risks siding damage and rot or insect attack on the structure.
Examples of Antique & Site-Built Slider/Glider Windows
Below we illustrate a wood framed sash multi-light sliding window installed in a stone masonry building in Buenos Aires (below left), circa 1935, and a site-built wood frame slider installed in the same Minnesota green cabin shown at page top, but before renovations (below right).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Sliding or Gliding Windows
Question:books on details of antique metal sliding windows?
Are there any book or article in the website that shows details or sections of an old metal sliding window? (or gliding window, I don't know the correct name) thanks! - M.O.
We call them sliding windows but window manufacturers such as Anderson Windows & Doors calls them gliding windows. Our photos at left illustrate a 19780's metal frame slider window that was one of most on a condominium complex, all of which had lost their seal, leading to fogging between the panes of the double-glazed unit.
Our slider windows above show a clogged drain opening in the lower track of a 1980's vintage metal-frame sliding window (above left) and an aluminum framed gliding window in an apartment in New York (above right).
If you can describe a specific question or concern we'll be glad to do more research - no fees are involved.
Here is a link to Anderson's information on window gliders: http://www.andersenwindows.com/servlet/Satellite/sliding-windows-for-your-home.htm
-- Adapted and paraphrased, edited, and supplemented, with permission from Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction.
See our Window Types, Guide article series where we describe the selection and installation of windows and doors, following best construction and design practices for building lighting and ventilation, with attention to the impact on building heating and cooling costs, indoor air quality, and comfort of occupants. We review the proper installation details for windows and doors, and we compare the durability of different window and door materials and types.
Continue reading at WINDOW / DOOR AIR LEAK SEALING HOW TO
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Questions & answers or comments about gliding / sliding window problems.
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