There are several gas or oil fired heating furnace clearance distance types:
Clearance from combustibles - ranging from 0" to 18" to 36" (typically) depending on the fuel type (electric, gas, oil).
Working space or clearance distances - that may allow 0 on 1-3 sides but always requires working space at least at the front, or at front + rear if access to a blower or filter are at the unit rear side.
Typically for gas furnaces there must be a minimum of 24" front accessibility to the furnace, and any access door or panel must have enough clearance space to permit removal of the largest component in the equipment.
Direct vent terminal clearance distances: distance from the exhaust vent at the exterior wall to building features such as gas meter outlet, windows, doors, balconies, building corners, clearance over a driveway or paved sidwewalk.
These range from 0" to 7 ft. - this set of distances is surely not what your maintenance guys were discussing regarding your clothes dryer. Details are at GAS APPLIANCE DIRECT VENT CLEARANCES
Flue vent connector clearance distances: distance from the flue vent connector of "flue pipe" to combustibles
Chimney clearances: for heaters vented into a metal or masonry chimney, clearance distances around the chimney and chimney top including chimney top to roof.
Location related clearances: for heaters installed in a garage or in another location subject to hazards of gas accumulation at floor level or subject to impact by a vehicle, protection and elevation above the floor are required.
Typical Minimum Clearance Distances for Gas Furnaces
Comment / Reference
General furnace clearances & working space
Must meet all manufacturer's clearance specifications
See I&O Manual for the specific brand & model heater
Must meet all local & national building, fire, electrical, fuel-gas codes
Check with local code officials
Service / working space - front
Notes 1, 2
Service / working space - other sides, panels
Combustion air openings & nearest closed panel or door
Note 3, do not block air flow into combustion air intake
Combustion air & ventilation openings
not blocked by anything, including snow
Space for addition of cooling coil
Notes 6, 7, service access to front, limited framing contact, may be suspended
Burner & ignition above garage floor
Crawl space installations
Clearance to combustibles, model dependent
Sides to combustible surface
0 - 1"
Front to combustible surface
3 - 18"
Top to combustible surface
Flue, condensing furnace, plastic vent
Notes 1, 10.
Flue through masonry chimney w/ other appliances, stainless steel type 29-4C
Condensate drain elevation
Attic installation of horizontal unit
Notes & References:
1. AMERICAN STANDARD GAS FURNACE INSTALLATION MANUAL [PDF] (2008), American Standard Heating & Air Conditioning, A341624P07, Upflow / Horizontal gas furnaces, Downflow / Horizontal gas furnaces, Models CUX1B040A9241A CUX1B060A9361A CUX1B080A9421A CUX1C100A9481A CUX1D100A9601A CUX1D120A9601A CDX1B040A9241A CDX1B060A9361A CDX1B080A9421A CDX1C100A9481A CDX1D120A9601A Pub. No. 41-5016-07
2. Any access door or panel must permit removal of the largest component in the heater at that location
4. Allow space above supply plenum or above the furnace to add a cooling coil including installation work space if not installed at time of furnace installation
5. Garage installations: Furnaces installed in a garage must place burners & ignition source no less than 18" above the floor & furnace must be protected from physical damage from vehicles
6. Attic installations: A horizontal gas furnace installation in an attic should be on a service platform large enough to allow for proper clearances on all sides and service access to the front of the furnace (see manufacturer's I&O manual).
Line contact is only permissible between lines formed by intersections of the top and two sides of the furnace casing and building joists, studs, or framing.
7. Attic instllations, suspended: The horizontal furnace may also be suspended from the joists using 3/8" all-thread rods with pieces of angle iron underneath the furnace to form a hanging rack at both ends and the midpoint. The
rods need to be of sufficient length to allow for proper clearances from combustible materials. The angle iron needs to be at least 32" in length to allow for access to service panels.
8. Crawl space installations: The furnace may be placed horizontally in a crawl space on a pad or other noncombustible material which will raise the unit for sufficient protection from moisture.
9. Condensate drain elevation space: A horizontal furnace in a crawl space must also be elevated approximately 4-6 inches to allow clearance for the condensate drain to exit the cabinet in the horizontal position.
10. Condensing furnace venting: American Gas Association has certified the design of condensing furnaces for a minimum of 0" clearance from combustible materials with a single wall plastic vent pipe.
See DIRECT VENTS / SIDE WALL VENTS for a complete table of recommended clearance distances from a direct vent gas appliance terminal to other building components or features.
11. Masonry flue or shared flue venting: Where the system is routed to the outdoors through an existing masonry chimney containing flue products from another gas appliance, or where required by local codes, then 3" venting of Type 29-4C stainless
steel must be used in place of PVC material.
These furnaces have been classified as CATEGORY IV furnaces in accordance with the latest edition of ANSI Z21.47 • CAN/CGA- 2.3 Standards. Category IV furnaces operate with positive vent
pressure and with a vent gas temperature less than 140° F above the dewpoint. These conditions require special venting systems, which must be gas tight and water tight.
99. WALL-MOUNTED FURNACES - separate clearance distance requirements are given for wall-mount heating furnaces
On 2017-07-19 by (mod)
re: clothes dryer location vs gas furnace clearance distances
The two worries, I suspect, nagging at your maintenance guys were
1. lint and dust from the clothes dryer may clog the combustion air inlet of your gas fired heating furnace, causing unsafe conditions and risking fatal carbon monoxide poisoning.
2. They might miss a chance to sell you a lint filter that you not only don't need, but that depending on the type and installation might itself be a serious fire hazard.
If your clothes dryer is properly and safely vented to the building exterior, the release of lint around the dryer itself ought to be minimal and not a safety hazard.
Start with a practical examination: is there dust visible in, on, or around your gas fired heating equipment? Is that dust dryer lint? If so, then a combination of housecleaning and an inspection of the dryer for dust and lint leaks is in order regardless of the dryer's exact placement.
Two feet more or less distance change from a clothes dryer that's leaking lint would not make one iota of difference in safety.
So where is the issue with clothes dryer distance to the gas furnace?
The answer is working space or fire clearances from combustibles that will be specified in the gas furnace installation manual for your specific heater. If the dryer is installed too close to the heater it violates the manufacturer's instructions, may prevent proper heater maintenance, and might be unsafe.
Using an American Standard Gas Furnace installation manual as an example, since you don't name your furnace brand and model, the word "clearance" appears 50 times in the document, showing that the manufacturer indeed has a worry about safe clearance distances for the heater.
Continue reading at FURNACES, HEATING - home, or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia
Use the "Click to Show or Hide FAQs" link just above to see recently-posted questions, comments, replies, try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.
Mark Cramer Inspection Services Mark Cramer, Tampa Florida, Mr. Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator. Mr. Cramer serves on the ASHI Home Inspection Standards. Contact Mark Cramer at: 727-595-4211 mark@BestTampaInspector.com
John Cranor is an ASHI member and a home inspector (The House Whisperer) is located in Glen Allen, VA 23060. He is also a contributor to InspectApedia.com in several technical areas such as plumbing and appliances (dryer vents). Contact Mr. Cranor at 804-747-7747 or by Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Domestic and Commercial Oil Burners, Charles H. Burkhardt, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York 3rd Ed 1969.
National Fuel Gas Code (Z223.1) $16.00 and National Fuel Gas Code Handbook (Z223.2) $47.00 American Gas Association (A.G.A.), 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209 also available from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. Fundamentals of Gas Appliance Venting and Ventilation, 1985, American Gas Association Laboratories, Engineering Services Department. American Gas Association, 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209. Catalog #XHO585. Reprinted 1989.
"Warm Air Heating Systems". Instructional Technologies Institute, Inc., 145 "D" Grassy Plain St., Bethel, CT 06801 800/227-1663 [home inspection training material] 1987
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Volume I, Heating Fundamentals,
The ABC's of Retention Head Oil Burners, National Association of Oil Heat Service Managers, TM 115, National Old Timers' Association of the Energy Industry, PO Box 168, Mineola, NY 11501. (Excellent tips on spotting problems on oil-fired heating equipment. Booklet.)
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. Tel: (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 Email: email@example.com. The firm provides professional home inspection services & home inspection education & publications. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Illustrated Home purchased as a single order Enter INSPECTAILL in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment, useful for determining the age of heating boilers, furnaces, water heaters is provided by Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto - Carson Dunlop Weldon & Associates Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on these courses: Enter INSPECTAHITP in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
The Horizon Software System manages business operations,scheduling, & inspection report writing using Carson Dunlop's knowledge base & color images. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones