MONTGOMERY WARD ASBESTOS Floor Tiles - CONTENTS: how to identify Montgomery Ward floor tiles that do or may contain asbestos. Montgomery Ward asbestos floor tile identification photos, packageing, history, documentation.
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Montgomery Ward Asbestos Floor Tiles:
Here we provide a photo guide to Wards or Montgomery Ward asphalt-asbestos flooring &Wards or Montgomery Ward vinyl asbestos floor tile identification photographs, a list of product names, styles, colors, and vinyl-asbestos floor patterns, and colors for asbestos-containing floor tile products - flooring materials that are reported to or have been confirmed to contain asbestos in asbestos fiber or asbestos powder-filler form.
Asphalt asbestos floor tiles ranging in size from 6x6" to 12x12" were popularized in North America, the U.K. and possibly Australia & New Zealand in the 1950's. Asphalt -asbestos tiles manufactured early in their life (1920's) were either black, near black, brown, or a gray-brown tone. Lighter resilient flooring such as shown in our page top photo used a different base materil: vinyl, but asbestos continued as an ingredient that could comprise as much as 70% by weight of the flooring product.
Do you need to remove asbestos-containing flooring?
The answser is "it depends" - on the condition and location of the material. Soft, friable (which is not flooring) or damaged material or material that is to be removed by demolition and that contains asbestos is at least potentially hazardous, while a residential floor in good condition may be of little or no measurable asbestos risk.
See ASBESTOS FLOORING REMOVAL GUIDE
Asbestos is safe and legal to remain in homes or public buildings as long as the asbestos
materials are in good condition and the asbestos can not be released into the air.
Our Montgomery Ward floor 1960's vintage tile photos below include images of the original packaging and information it provided about this product.
Above: photographs of Montgomery Ward Style-House Vinyl-Asbestos floor tiles and floor tile packaging, ca 1965
By the 1960's most resilient tile flooring production had shifted to vinyl-asbestos as had sheet flooring. Most of these resilient floor tiles were produced containing asbestos as both filler and a fiber strengthener - a formulat that continued in production as late as the early 1980's. At least some self-stick thinner and more flexible floor tiles sold into the early 1980's also used similar ingredients including asbestos.
At left is our photo of an asbestos-containing floor tile sold by Montgomery Wards®.
In additional photographs below we show the examination of this "asbestos floor tile in the lab" as well as photos of the original labeling on the package in which these tiles were distributed.
We discuss the history of vinyl-asbestos floor tiles in our Age of House articles at Flooring Materials. We discuss the inspection and diagnosis of various flooring defects, including vinyl asbestos tiles,
at FLOOR TYPES & DEFECTS.
According to Rosato, even when vinyl or other synthetic organic resins were used as the binder to produce light colored floor tiles, asbestos fibers continued to be the main ingredient in these floor tile products, and may be present at levels as much as 70% by weight.
Above: photographs of Montgomery Ward Style-House Vinyl-Asbestos floor tiles and floor tile packaging, ca 1965.
Our photograph of a similar floor tile that may also be a Montgomery Ward vinyl-asbestos floor tile (left) was provided by reader Marc Daniels. Mr. Daniels reports (4/28/11) that lab tests of this floor tile did not find evidence of asbestos.
Reader comments & questions are invited. CONTACT us.
Additional photographs of Montgomery Wards asbestos containing floor tiles are also described and photographs of these (and other brands of floor tiles and sheet flooring containing asbestos) are provided
at ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE IDENTIFICATION
Magnified View of Edge of Vinyl-Asbestos Floor Tiles
This stereo-microscopic view of the edge of this asbestos-floor tile shows the combination of binder and other silicate materials.
At ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE LAB PROCEDURES we describe preparing a lab-test sample of this Montgomery Ward floor tile for microscopic examination by using procedures recommended by Walter McCrone, McCrone Research.
There you can see both asbestos fibers and very fine granular particles of asbestos filler material that make up much of the white "paste" you can make out in our floor tile edge photograph above.
Montgomery Wards asbestos containing floor tiles and are also described and additional identification photographs of these (and other brands of floor tiles and sheet flooring containing asbestos) are provided at ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE IDENTIFICATION.
came across boxes of these Montgomery Wards floor tiles. The packaging does not
say VAT (Vinyl Asbestos Tile) but instead Plastic Asphalt. These are Mongomery Ward Pace Setter Series floor tiles. - Keith Daenzer 11/17/12
These look like 1/8" thick tiles; I can't tell from the photos but I'm guessing they're 12"x12" and based on age and labeling most likely are asbestos-containing. Many of the early vinyl based flooring products used the word "plastic" rather than vinyl - it was considered a modern space-age material. More details are pending - Ed.
Montgomery Ward Floor Tile of uncertain asbestos content, advice
10 April 2015 [Anonymous] said:
My husband and I bought our 1st home in March and just got hit with a lot of rain which ended with some water seepage into our basement.
The tile is warping and can now be lifted up with no effort I am worried that it might contain asbestos and even more concerned because we have 3 toddlers. I was lucky enough to find left over tile still in its package but have had no luck finding out if it contains asbestos.
Please take a look at the picture I attached and let me know if it does contain asbestos and if so any advice on what to do next. Thank you! - M.
What a beautiful Sauge Green #81 12x12-inch Montgomery Ward tile. Too bad it's coming up. How old is the home? Do we have an idea when the floor could have been installed?
[Click to enlarge any image]
I am not sure I can correctly decode a date from the packaging (that 1963 looks a bit early) but I think it's reasonable to treat the flooring as presumed to contain asbestos unless we have other data. If it is not breaking up, ground, or otherwise disturbed to make a dusty mess the asbestos hazard from the tile is rather low, but there may also be asbestos used in the mastic which on occasion can become a bit dusty and brittle with age (like me).
Do not panic. Doing so invites being gouged.
Do not run a household vacuum cleaner to clean up as you'll aerate any dust.
Do find and fix the source of water entry.
Do bag up for disposal loose tiles that can simply be picked-up.
Do not let an inexperienced contractor come in and make a dusty mess.
When we know the extent of floor damage and how much loose tile there is we can decide a reasonable course of action. Usually the best approach is to leave secure flooring in place and install new flooring over it.
Reader Question: can you identify this floor tile from a 1963 house?
I have attached a photo of the tile in a 1963 built house in Las Vegas, NV. I looked through the tiles in your guide, but didn't see the exact same time - although there were a few that were perhaps in the same family. Can you tell me if you can identify these tiles?
They are in remarkably good shape and show no wear and tear, however, if we remodel this house we will most likely remove this tile and replace it with ceramic tile or cement flooring. - D.M. 2/25/2013
I can only GUESS but your flooring looks so much like the Montgomery Wards tiles shown in the article above that I've posted it here - perhaps other readers will also have comment.
How to Find Your Floor Tile or Sheet Flooring in this Flooring Reference Photo Guide
Asphalt asbestos and vinyl-asbestos floor tiles were produced in 9" x 9", 12" x 12", and even 18" x 18" as well as in decorative strips, and in thicknesses of 1/16", 3/32", and 1/8", also in 0.08 gauge. Some sheet flooring or resilient flooring also contained asbestos, as did floor tile mastics.
This photo guide to asphalt asbestos & vinyl asbestos floor tiles for each year shows at least one color photo of each floor tile style or pattern in an example color. A list below each group of photos includes the names of and links to additional photos for other colors of these styles.
Asbestos is safe and legal to remain in homes or public buildings as long as the asbestos
materials are in good condition and the asbestos can not be released into the air.
To identify a particular asphalt-asbestos or vinyl-asbestos floor tile pattern & color, start in the image group most likely to be the same age as your building.
If you don't find your floor tile or sheet flooring by looking forward from that that year, you should also look backwards in the earlier years as your specific flooring pattern & color may have first appeared in an earlier year. For other tile brands than Armstrong, see the brand name floor tile links included in this list.
If you can identify your floor tile collection name or model number, or if you recognize it in the extensive library of flooring color and pattern photographs provided in these pages, laboratory testing of the sample to screen the flooring for asbestos may be unnecessary. Our home page for asbestos-containing floor tiles is at ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE PHOTO ID GUIDE To send us photographs of possible asbestos-containing flooring that you are trying to identify, use the email address found at CONTACT.
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Armstrong ® Residential Flooring - Website 05/15/2010 http://www.armstrong.com/ lists current flooring products provided by the Armstrong Corporation, including Armstrong's current vinyl floor tile products at http://www.armstrong.com/flooring/products/vinyl-floors
Armstrong Corporation, Corporate History - http://www.armstrong.com/corporate/corporate-history.html - Web Search 05/19/2010
Armstrong vinyl asbestos floor tiles: photos of asbestos-vinyl floor tiles as catalog pages (PDF form) are at www.asbestosresource.com/asbestos/tile.html
"Asbestos in your home or at work," Forsyth County Environmental Affairs Department, Winston-Salem NC
"Asbestos Floor Tile Removal", the University of Minnesota's advice on removing VAT (vinyl asbestos or asphalt asbestos floor tile) can be read in detail at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/asbestos/floortile/index.html
Copy on file as ASBESTOS IN YOUR HOME - U.S. EPA, Exposure Evaluation Division, Office of Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington,D.C. 20460
Resilient Floor Covering Institute, 1030 15th St. NW, suite 350, Washington D.C.
Book Recommendations for Asphalt & Vinyl-Asbestos Floor Tile Identification:
Asbestos products and their history and use in various building materials such as asphalt and vinyl flooring includes discussion which draws on ASBESTOS, ITS INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS, ROSATO 1959, D.V. Rosato, engineering consultant, Newton, MA, Reinhold Publishing, 1959 Library of Congress Catalog Card No.: 59-12535 (out of print).
EPA Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing Materials in Buildings, NIAST, National Institute on Abatement Sciences & Technology, [republishing EPA public documents] 1985 ed., Exposure Evaluation Division, Office of Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington,D.C. 20460
EVER WEAR TILE CO is currently (2009) in the Terrazzo, Tile, Marble, and Mosaic Work industry in Fallon, NV. 775) 423-6221. [We do not know the company history nor whether there is an association with EverWear vinyl asbestos floor tiles discussed in this article.]
Kentile KenFlex flooring photographs:Flickr web search 5/15/2010 - see original material and other asbestos product photos at http://www.flickr.com/photos/asbestos_pix/tags/floortile/
"Plastic Flooring Spreads Through the House", Jackson Hand, Guide to Home-Improvement Materials, Popular Science, April 1969, p. 154-158
Thanks to reader Matt Abel
Design Services Department, Strongwood Log Home Company,
711 Shadow Road,
Waupaca WI 54981,
Office (715) 258-4818,
Toll Free (866) 258-4818,
"Begin your journey home.." for vinyl asbestos floor photos, October 2010.
Thanks to reader Meryl Silvers for hexagonal floor tile photos showing a possible Kentile product that contained asbestos. October 2010.
June 1997 - Window Putty - OSHA case cites contractor for asbestos exposure during removal of window putty http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=NEWS_RELEASES&p_id=1091
Asbestos Identification and Testing References
Asbestos Identification, Walter C.McCrone, McCrone Research Institute, Chicago, IL.1987 ISBN 0-904962-11-3. Dr. McCrone literally "wrote the book" on asbestos identification procedures which formed
the basis for current work by asbestos identification laboratories.
Stanton, .F., et al., National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 506: 143-151
Pott, F., Staub-Reinhalf Luft 38, 486-490 (1978) cited by McCrone
ASBESTOS IN YOUR HOME U.S. EPA, Exposure Evaluation Division, Office of Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington,D.C. 20460
Asbestos products and their history and use in various building materials such as asphalt and vinyl flooring includes discussion which draws on ASBESTOS, ITS INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS, ROSATO 1959, D.V. Rosato, engineering consultant, Newton, MA, Reinhold Publishing, 1959 Library of Congress Catalog Card No.: 59-12535 (out of print, text and images available at InspectAPedia.com).
"Handling Asbestos-Containing roofing material - an update", Carl Good, NRCA Associate Executive Director, Professional Roofing, February 1992, p. 38-43
EPA Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing Materials in buildings, NIAST, National Institute on Abatement Sciences & Technology, [republishing EPA public documents] 1985 ed., Exposure Evaluation Division, Office of Toxic Substances, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington,D.C. 20460
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
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