Choices for Plastic Interior Storm Windows: Acrylic & Polycarbonate Plastics
STORM WINDOW PLASTIC CHOICES - CONTENTS: What are the options for making plastic interior storm windows?Uses & properties of polycarbonates, Lexan, Makrolon, Tuffak, Hyzod, and other plastics for storm windows and solar applications. Comparison of acrylic to polycarbonate window glazing plastics. How to build interior acrylic storm window retrofits. Window Glazing Energy Products: What are the Differences in Function & Use Among Low-Transmission Films, Low-E glass, Coated Reflective Films & High Transmission, Low Emissivity Films or Reduced-Iron-Content Glass?
What are the Best Material Choices for Interior Plastic Storm Windows?
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Just above: an antique two-over-two wooden window sash on a New York home that would benefit from interior or exterior storm window installation. Our page top photo shows an exterior storm window, photo by DJF. A quick, inexpensive stop-gap measure to cut winter heating bills at homes with windows like this is the installation of a low-cost interior plastic glazing or window covering.
Question: where can I buy plastic window glazing materials?
On a recent trip to the UK I noticed the use of secondary inside storm windows quite a lot. We want to begin manufacturing them here for residential and commercial applications locally. There appear to be U.S. companies that produce similar products, but the shipping costs are prohibitive.
We are in the process of choosing an ideal plastic window glazing material; can you help us?
Reply: look at vinyl, polycarbonate, and acrylic window glazing options.
The U.S. companies whose plastic storm window glazing we have seen do not identify which plastic they used to produce storm windows, but we consider it likely that most plastic glazing raw materials are widely used in both storm window and solar panel applications.
Some solar panel and storm window cleaning instructions recommend use of a vinyl cleaner - that may be a clue suggesting that you investigate some vinyl based glazing choices as well as acrylic and polycarbonate materials. You may find, however, that many vinyls are prone to scratching and discoloration.
Suggestions for Plastic Window Glazing Choices:
Both acrylic and polycarbonate plastics are suitable for storm window glazing. Our associate Steven Bliss offers this additional advice:
Plastic Choices for Interior storm windows: Plastic is much lighter than glass, easy to cut and drill, and fairly durable, making it a popular material for interior storm windows.
Acrylic Plastic Storm Window Glazing
Acrylic is the most commonly used rigid plastic (as opposed to films) for interior storms. Plastic storm window glazing is sold under a variety of trade names including Plexiglass and Lucite. High-quality acrylic sheeting does not yellow in sunlight, although special high-impact acrylic is more prone to yellowing. Acrylic has moderate scratch resistance, which can be improved with coatings.
Polycarbonate Plastic Storm Window Glazing
An alternative to acrylic window glazing is the more expensive polycarbonate, sold under the brand names Lexan, Makrolon, Hyzoid, Tuffak, and others. Polycarbonate is less breakable and has much higher impact resistance than acrylic, although it is less scratch resistant.
Polycarbonate glazing is used in solar applications because of its high impact resistance, thermal movement characteristics, and resistance to scratching, discoloration, and finally, for its solar transmittance.
Lexan® is approved under most codes for locations in the home or building that require safety glazing. While polycarbonate has a reputation for yellowing under UV exposure, this can be controlled for 10 years or more with additives to the plastic formula. Polycarbonate is also less flammable than acrylic. Some modified polycarbonate plastics come with a 5 to 15 year warranty against yellowing (see excerpt below).
One concern with interior storms in cold climates is the formation of condensation on the primary window caused by moist interior air leaking past the storm window and condensing on the cold primary glazing. This is of particular concern with wood windows, where the condensation can drip down the glass leading to mold and decay of the original wood sash.
Exterior storms, on the other hand, reduce condensation on the primary windows by warming the glass. Also, with exterior storms, condensation can be better managed by weep holes to the exterior.
Excepted from the report: Investigation Of Polycarbonate As A Suitable “Greenhouse”
Material For The Solar Cooker, by John Harrison, Florida Solar Energy Center (11/01):
In lighting applications UV is a well known stressing agent of plastics - all
transparent plastics will yellow under UV - but it is in many ways the most
controllable. Polycarbonate without a UV inhibiting additive will show strong
yellowing upon exposure to natural and artificial sources of ultraviolet (such as
sunlight and HID lamps). High impact acrylic also yellows, though not to the same
degree, and standard acrylic shows little UV induced yellowing. The use of a UV
inhibitor in polycarbonate formulation reduces yellowing significantly.
Does yellowing present more than an aesthetically displeasing effect? Strangely, the
data are split. Standard falling ball impact tests on polycarbonate indicate that there
is no loss of material strength. Furthermore, an ASTM Yellowness Index Rating of 25
for polycarbonate results in a loss in transmissivity of only 5%.
On the other hand, yellowing is a sign of degradation of the plastic molecule. Heat
and ultraviolet act to break the molecules. This surrenders the intrinsic strength of
the material as the molecular structure no longer consists of long intertwined chains
but fractured segments. This may be reflected in reduced strength.
- Steven Bliss, Burlington, VT.
Watch out: we have received numerous complaints of plastic smells or "plastic odors" traced to plastic or PVC replacement window sashes, storm windows, and even plastic window screens.
Details are at VINYL SIDING or WINDOW PLASTIC ODORS
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Energy Wise, Eugene Mueller G.M., 314 N. School, Cuba City WI 53807 Tel: 563-542-2134, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Steve Bliss's Building Advisor at buildingadvisor.com helps homeowners & contractors plan & complete successful building & remodeling projects: buying land, site work, building design, cost estimating, materials & components, & project management through complete construction. Email: email@example.com
Steven Bliss served as editorial director and co-publisher of The Journal of Light Construction for 16 years and previously as building technology editor for Progressive Builder and Solar Age magazines. He worked in the building trades as a carpenter and design/build contractor for more than ten years and holds a masters degree from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Excerpts from his recent book, Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, Wiley (November 18, 2005) ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, appear throughout this website, with permission and courtesy of Wiley & Sons. Best Practices Guide is available from the publisher, J. Wiley & Sons, and also at Amazon.com
AAMA, Architectural Aluminum Manufacturers' Association, now American Architectural Manufacturers Association, an " advocate for manufacturers and professionals in the fenestration industry" - website: http://www.aamanet.org/ - Watch out: a search for "what is the effectiveness of storm windows" produced no data although the website suggests that an article is available - web search 06/19/2010.
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Fax: 321.638.1010. The FSEC is a research institute of the University of Central Florida. Quoting from the institute's website: Our mission is to research and develop energy technologies that enhance Florida's and the nation's economy and environment and to educate the public, students and practitioners on the results of the research. The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) was created by the Florida Legislature in 1975 to serve as the state’s energy research institute. The main responsibilities of the center are to conduct research, test and certify solar systems and develop education programs. As Florida's energy research institute — with a 35-year history of unique expertise, experience and infrastructure.
"Wonder Windows, Two Let In More Sun, Two Keep In More Heat", V. Elaine Smay, Popular Science, April 1982
"Energy Savers: Whole-House Supply Ventilation Systems [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Whole-House_Supply_Vent.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy energysavers.gov/your_home/insulation_airsealing/index.cfm/mytopic=11880?print
"Energy Savers: Whole-House Exhaust Ventilation Systems [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Whole-House_Exhaust.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy energysavers.gov/your_home/insulation_airsealing/index.cfm/mytopic=11870
"Energy Savers: Ventilation [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Ventilation.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy
"Energy Savers: Natural Ventilation [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Natural_Ventilation.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy
"Energy Savers: Energy Recovery Ventilation Systems [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Energy_Recovery_Venting.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy energysavers.gov/your_home/insulation_airsealing/index.cfm/mytopic=11900
"Energy Savers: Detecting Air Leaks [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Detect_Air_Leaks.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy
"Energy Savers: Air Sealing [copy on file as /interiors/Energy_Savers_Air_Sealing_1.pdf ] - ", U.S. Department of Energy
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