Water tank for Atascadero, San Miguel de Allende (C) Daniel Friedman Water Storage Towers
Types of water towers & above-ground water storage tanks

  • WATER TOWERS - CONTENTS: Types, Uses, Installation & Troubleshooting of free-standing water storage tanks, water storage fed by municipal water supply or private wells and pumps. Using Pressure boosting pumps on gravity-operated rooftop water tank systems. Water storage tank & tower codes & standards.
  • POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about rooftop water towers used for water supply

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Water towers & tower-mounted water storage tanks:

Water towers are widely used not just to store water but to deliver water at good pressure to a community of buildings and users. This article describes tower-mounted water storage tanks, where they are used, how they work, and the use of booster pumps to improve water pressure in buildings with water storage tanks.

We include water tower design considerations, codes and standard references & citations. We also discuss using a booster pump to improve building water pressure in buildings with weak municipal water pressure or the storage of water where water supply is limited or water replenishment is only seasonally available. Shown at page top: a hilltop water tower supplying the community of Atascadero in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico.

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Large Water Storage Tanks on Towers or Free-standing Water Tanks at Ground Level

Sketch of open top water storage tank and well design used both on rooftops and in rural areas.

Elevated tower-supported water storage tanks are used both to store water and to provide water at pressure to individual buildings, building sites, or entire communities, as we illustrate in the photographs below.

At left is a sketch showing a traditional water storage tank on a tower connected to and located adjacent to a water well.

[Click to enlarge any image]

Below we illustrate water storage towers of several shapes and types and found in several locations and countries including in order: Brunswick Georgia (immediately below), U.S., The Taboada Hot Springs, Guanajuato, Mexico, and in the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Photos © Daniel Friedman.

Water storage tower, Brunswick, Georgia (C) Daniel Friedman

Below: a water tower at the Taboada Hot Springs, Guanajuato, Mexico,

Water storage tower, Taboada Hot Springs, Guanajuato, Mexico (C) Daniel Friedman

Design considerations for water storage tanks & their supporting towers

Large water storage tank at Gogorron, San Luis Potosi, Mexco (C) Daniel Friedman

Above is a large above-ground water storage tank at Gogorron in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. This is a low tower supported on two large stone piers. Higher water towers need to meet wind and other loading specifications.

Below we illustrate a horizontal cylindrical water storage tank at a damp in Dutchess County, New York in the U.S. This is an enclosed tank (there is not an overflow issue) fed by a pump from a local well at a camp.

Horizontal water storage tank, above ground, Dutchess County NY (C) Daniel Friedman

Below: a water tower in the City of Buenos Aires.

Buenos Aires water storage tower (C) Daniel Friedman

Water Tower Construction Standards & References

Water tower at the San Miguel de Allende railroad station (C) Daniel Friedman

The water tower above, at the San Miguel de Allende railroad station, has been elevated to deliver water at functional pressure to the nearby community.


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