Photograph of an Aspergillus mold collected on a building surface - © Daniel Friedman. Clinical Mold Books & References - Bibliography of Mold Identification & Mold-Related Illness Texts

  • MOLD CLINICAL REFERENCE TEXTS - CONTENTS: Mold Related Illness MRI Clinical reference texts for mold related illness. Clinical reference books for mold toxicity, allergenic mold, pathogenic mold. Clinical references for identification of Mold Species, Pathogens, Allergens, Particles. Medical Health Effects of Mold, House Dust
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This List of Texts on Clinical Mold, Pathogens, Allergens and other particles.

These texts describe the medical health effects of mold and indoor particlessuch as animal dander, cat, dog, mouse dander and dust, asbestos, fiberglass from insulation or other sources, dust mite fecals, house dust, insect fragments, insect hairs, insect fecals, talc, and ultra fine sub micron particles. Dust from the world trade center collapse, and other particles have entries in this list.

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Clinical Mold References

Citations are collected from a variety of authoritative sources, primarily the authoritative "Clinical Mold and Toxic Particle References" cited in the extensive bibliography at the end of this document. References to online resources are included.

Also see MOLD ATLAS & PARTICLES INDEX for a guide to specific illnesses caused by individual mold genera/species, and see MOLD GROWTH on SURFACES for an index of what mold genera/species are frequently found on various building surfaces and materials, and see MOLD RELATED ILLNESS SYMPTOMS.

Most-useful Clinical Mold Toxicity References

Live links on the clinical mold reference texts shown below can be used to purchase those books at

Atlas of Clinical Fungi, 2nd Ed., GS deHoog, J Guarro, J Gene, & MJ Figueras, Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, 2000, ISBN 90-70351-43-9 (you can buy this book at Amazon) - The Atlas of Clinical Fungi is also available on CD ROM

Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: An Illustrated Colour Text, W. John Spicer MBBS(Melbourne) FRACP FRCPA FACSHP FASM DTM&H(Sydney) DipBact(London), Churchill Livingstone; 2d Ed, 2007, ISBN-10: 0443103038, ISBN-13: 978-0443103032

Mycology, Fundamentals of Diagnostic, Fran Fisher, Norma B. Cook, W.B. Saunders Co. 1998, ISBN 0-7216-5006-6

Fungi, Identifying Filamentous, A Clinical Laboratory Handbook, Guy St-Germain, Richard Summerbell, Star Publishing, 1996, ISBN 0-89863-177-7 (English)

See Aerobiology, Building Science, Microscopy, & Laboratory References for our in-lab bibliographical resource list. Other useful references for mold, allergens, and medical effects are listed below.

Other Clinical or Medical Mold References

A Clinicians's Guide to Fungal Disease, Stephen O.B. Roberts, R.J. Hay and D.W.R. Mackenzie, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, New York, 1994. 252p.

Air Sampling Instruments for the Evaluation of Atmospheric Contaminants, 7th edition, Susanne V. Hering, Tech. Ed. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1989.

Aspergillus spp. [growth rates] G.Ayerst (1969), Journal of Stored Products Research 5, 127-141 - also see

"Assessment & Sampling Approaches for Indoor Microbial Assessments," Geoffrey A. Clarke, Synergist(AIHA) November 2001

Atlas of Moulds in Europe causing respiratory Allergy, Foundation for Allergy Research in Europe, Edited by Knud Wilken-Jensen and Suzanne Gravesen, ASK Publishing, Denmark, 1984.

Bioaerosols Handbook, Christopher S. Cox and Christopher M. Wathes, Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton FL 1995

Bioaerosols, Harriet A. Burge, Ed., CRC 1995

Biological Contaminants In Indoor Environments, ASTM STP 1071, Phillip R. Morey, James C. Feeley, Sr., James A. Otten, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, 1990.

Burge, H.A. 1985. "Fungus allergens," Clin. Rev. Allergy , 3:19-329.

Burge, H.A. 1990. "The Fungi," Biological Contaminants In Indoor Environments, ASTM STP 1071, Phillip R. Morey, James C. Feeley, Sr., James A. Otten, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

Cassarett and Doull's Toxicology - The Basic Science of Poisons, 4th edition, Amdur, M.O., Doull, J and Klaasen, C.D. eds. Pergamon Press, New York, 1991

Control of Communicable Diseases in Man, 15th Ed., Abram S. Benenson, Ed., American Public Health Assoc., Washington DC 1990

Croft. W.A., Jarvis, B.B., and Yatawara, C.S. 1986. Airborne outbreak of trichothocene toxicosis. Atmos. Environ. 20:549-552.

Crow, S.A., Ahearn, D.G., Noble, J.A. Moyenuddin, M. and Price, D.L. 1994 Microbial ecology of buildings: Effects of fungi on indoor air quality. American Environmental Laboratory p.16-18.

Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 7th Edition, N.Irving Sax and Richard J. Lewis, Sr., Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, New York, 1989.

Dictionary of the Fungi, Ainsworth and Bisby's Dictionary of Fungi [Hardcover] P. M. Kirk (Editor), P. F. Cannon (Editor), J. C. David (Editor), J. A. Stalpers (Editor),CABI; 9th Ed, 2001, ISBN-10: 085199377X, ISBN-13: 978-0851993775
This is the one essential handbook for all who work with or are interested in fungi (including lichens, slime moulds and yeasts). This new edition, with more than 20,500 entries, provides the most complete listing of generic names of and terms used to describe fungi available. For each genus, the authority, the date of publication, status, systematic position, number of accepted species, distribution, and key references are given. Diagnoses of families, orders and higher categories are included for most groups. In addition, there are biographic notes, information on well-known metabolites and mycotoxins, and broad accounts of almost all pure and applied aspects of the subject (including citations of important literature). All information has been updated as necessary since the publication of the eighth edition in 1995. In addition the ninth edition has the following new features: a refined classification of fungal phyla reflecting the latest molecular evidence, including a major revision of the classification of the Ascomycota; a full integration of anamorphic genera in the classification; a revised synopsis of the proposed classification.

Flannigan, B. and Miller, J.D. 1993. Health implications of fungi in indoor environments - an overview. In Health Implications of Fungi in Indoor Environments (eds. R.A. Samson, B. Flannigan, M.E. Flannigan and S. Gravesen), Elsevier, Amsterdam

Flannigan, B and Miller, J.D. 1993. Humidity and fungal contaminants. In Bugs, Mold and Rot II, Proceedings of a Conference sponsored by BETEC, USDA and US Department of Energy, Washington, November, 1993

Flannigan, B., McCabe, E.M. and McGarry, F. 1991, Allergenic and toxigenic micro-organisms in houses. J. of Applied Bacteriology Symposium Supplement. 70:61S-73S.

Fungal Biology, Jim Deacon, Blackwell Publishing 2005 [textbook with online material] and [slime molds] and [common wood rotting basidiomycota] - here is where to purchase this book at

Grant, C., Hunter, C.A., Flannigan, B. and Bravery, A.F. 1988. The moisture requirements of moulds isolated from domestic dwellings, International Biodeterioration 25: 259-284.

Growth Response of Eurotium chevalieri, Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium brevicompactum in Argentine Milk Jam, C. Char, S. Guerrero, L. Gonz´┐Żlez, S. M. Alzamora, Food Science and Technology International, Vol. 11, No. 4, 297-305 (2005)

Guide to Clinically Significant Fungi, Deanna Sutton, Annette W. Fothergill, and Michael G. Rinaldi, Williams & Wilkins 1994

Indoor Air Pollution Control, Thad Godish, Lewis Publishers Inc, Chelsa, MI. 1989.

Jaretz, Melnicken & Adelberg's Medical Microbiology, 21st ed., G.F. Brooks, Janet S. Butel, Stephen A. Morse, Eds., Appleton & Lange, 1998

Kozak, P.P., J. Gallup, L.H. Cummins, and S.A. Gilman. Factors of importance in determining the prevalence of indoor molds. Annuls of Allergy. 1979, 43:88-94.

Manual of Medical Mycology, John Thorne Crissy, Heidi Lang, Lawrence Charles Parish, Blackwell Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusettes, 1995. 263p.

Manville, C. 1996. Poor drainage leads to fungal infestation, Adverse health effects. Indoor Air Quality Update. 3:11-12.

Medical Mycology, K.J. Kwon-Chung and J.E. Bennett, Lea & Feibiger, Philadelphia 1992

Medical Mycology - The Pathogenic Fungi and the Pathogenic Actinomycetes, 3rd edition, John Willard Rippon, W.B. Saunders Company , Harcourt Brace and Jovanich, inc., Philadelphia, 1988. 797 p.

Medically Important Fungi - A Guide to Identification, 2nd edition, Davise H. Larone, American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. 1995. 274 p.

Microbes in the Indoor Environment, Libero Ajello et. Al, 1st Ed., Pathcon, Atlanta GA 1998

Moisture Control in buildings, ASTM Manual #18, 1994

Moisture Analysis and Condensation Control in Building Envelopes, ASTM Manual #40, 2001

Morey, P., Foarde, K., Klees, J., Streifel, A. "Microbiological Contaminants," IAQ '93 Operating and Maintaining buildings for Health, Comfort and Productivity, ASHRAE Conference, Philadelphia, Penn. Nov. 8-10,1993.

Mould Allergy, Yousef Al-Doory and Joanne F. Domson, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1984. 287 p.

Moulds and Filamentous Fungi in Technical Microbiology, Olga Fassatiova, progress in industrial microbiology, Volume 22, Elsevier, New York, 1986. 233 p.

Mycotoxicology - Introduction to the Mycology, Plant Pathology, Chemistry, Toxicology, and Pathology of Naturally Occurring Mycotoxicoses in Animals and Man, W.F.O. Marasas and Paul E. Nelson, Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park and London, 1987.

National Research Council (NRC). 1981. Indoor Pollutants., National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.

Organic Dusts: Exposure, Effects, and Prevention, Rylander, Ragnor and Robert R. Jacobs, Eds., CRC Press 1994

Practical Mycology - Manual for Identification of Fungi, Sigurd Funder, Broggers Boktr. Forlag, Oslo, Norway, 1953

Smith's Introduction to Industrial Mycology, 7th edition, A.H.S. Onions, D. Allsopp, H.O.W. Eggins. Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd. London, UK, 1981. 398 p.

WSL report CR 3511, DTI Aerobiological Standards Project, UK.


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