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Building access ramp landing or platform specifications & codes:
This document provides building code specifications, sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting the landing or platform that may be required along indoor or outdoor building access ramps.
Requirements & Building Code Citations for Landing Platforms at Access Ramps
Definition of landing or platform along a ramp
A ramp landing or platform is a flat area that may be required along a ramp or similar elevated walkway in order to provide adequate space for wheel chair turning at a change in ramp direction or to provide safe access space at the point of entry to or exit from a ramp.
[Click to enlarge any image]
Generally the ramp landing or platform, like the one shown in our photo at left, will provide more space than the running width of the ramp itself.
Specifications for access ramp landing platforms
Make sure the ramp is properly designed in width, structural support, and that it includes a landing both at the upper end at a building entry/exit door, and where required by local code or ground surface conditions, also provide a landing platform at the ramp's lower end.
As we mentioned at our page to photo, the step at this building access ramp entry reduced the ramp slope to less than 1:12 but it created an obstruction for wheelchair users.
While the landing platform assists the users of this access ramp, what we had specified was that the ramp bottom end terminate at grade, without a step. And this platform is probably too short in the direction of travel. The "railings" along this ramp are not readily graspable, but as the ramp is nearly level, we considered them as a balcony railing not a handrail.
A Summary of Ramp Landing Specifications & Codes
The following access ramp specifications are excerpted from building codes cited at RAMP BUILDING CODES
Ramp Landing requirement: Ramps shall have landings at the bottom and top of each
ramp, points of turning, entrance, exits and at doors and in
accordance with Section 11-4.8.4. Landings shall comply
with Sections 1010.6.1 through 1010.6.5. - Florida Building Code 1010.6 Landings.
Ramp Landing slope: Landings shall have a slope not steeper than one unit
vertical in 50 units horizontal (2-percent slope) in any
direction. Changes in level are not permitted. - Florida Building Code 1010.6.1 Landings.
Ramp Landing width: The landing shall be at least as wide as the widest ramp
run adjoining the landing. - Florida Building Code 1010.6.2 Landings.
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"The Elimination of Unsafe Guardrails, a Progress Report," Elliott O. Stephenson, Building Standards, March-April 1993
"Are Functional Handrails Within Our Grasp" Jake Pauls, Building Standards, January-February 1991
Access Ramp building codes:
Access Ramp Standards:
ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act), Public Law 101-336. 7/26/90 is very often cited by other sources for good design of stairs and ramps etc. even where disabled individuals are not the design target.
ANSI A117.4 Accessible and Usable buildings and Facilities (earlier version was incorporated into the ADA)
ASTM F 1637, Standard Practice for Safe Walking Surfaces, (Similar to the above standards)
Slips, Trips, Missteps and Their Consequences, Second Edition, Gary M. Bakken, H. Harvey Cohen,A. S. Hyde, Jon R. Abele, ISBN-13: 978-1-933264-01-1 or
ISBN 10: 1-933264-01-2,
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The Stairway Manufacturers' Association, (877) 500-5759, provides a pictorial guide to the stair and railing portion of the International Residential Code. [copy on file as http://www.stairways.org/pdf/2006%20Stair%20IRC%20SCREEN.pdf ] -
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Falls and Related Injuries: Slips, Trips, Missteps, and Their Consequences, Lawyers & Judges Publishing, (June 2002), ISBN-10: 0913875430 ISBN-13: 978-0913875438 "Falls in the home and public places are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in the United States, but are overlooked in most literature. This book is unique in that it is entirely devoted to falls. Of use to primary care physicians, nurses, insurance adjusters, architects, writers of building codes, attorneys, or anyone who cares for the elderly, this book will tell you how, why, and when people will likely fall, what most likely will be injured, and how such injuries come about. "
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