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AGE of a BUILDING - how to determine
AIR LEAK MINIMIZATION
AIR POLLUTANTS, COMMON INDOOR
APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY RATINGS
ARCHITECTURE & BUILDING COMPONENT ID
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN buildings
BASEMENT CEILING VAPOR BARRIER
BATH & KITCHEN DESIGN GUIDE
BEST CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES GUIDE
BOOKSTORE - INTERIORS
BRICK LINED WALLS
CABINETS & COUNTERTOPS
CARPETING, SELECTION & INSTALLATION
CASEWORK, CABINETS, SHELVING INSTALLATION
CATHEDRAL CEILING INSULATION
CEILING FINISHES INTERIOR
CEILINGS & WALLS, PLASTER TYPES
DRYWALL INSTALLATION Best Practices
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOR TYPES & DEFECTS
FLOORING MATERIALS, Age, Types
HEAT LOSS in BUILDINGS
HOUSEWRAP AIR & VAPOR BARRIERS
HOUSE DOCTOR, how-to be
HOUSE PARTS, DEFINITIONS
HUMIDITY LEVEL TARGET
INDOOR AIR QUALITY & HOUSE TIGHTNESS
INTERIOR FINISHES, BEST PRACTICES
KITCHEN & BATH DESIGN GUIDE
LIGHTING, INTERIOR GUIDE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PRIORITIES
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOLD: A COMPLETE GUIDE TO MOLD
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
PAINT & STAIN SELECTION & PROCEDURES
PLASTER & BEAVERBOARD & DRYWALL
ROOF VENTILATION SPECIFICATIONS
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING INTERIORS
STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS
STUCCO WALL METHODS & INSTALLATION
SWEATING (CONDENSATION) on PIPES, TANKS
VAPOR BARRIERS & CONDENSATION in buildings
VENTILATION in BUILDINGS
WALL FINISHES INTERIOR
WATER ENTRY in buildings
WINDOWS & DOORS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Floor damage catalog: here we provide a catalog of types of damage found to flooring in buildings, such as improper installation, buckling, burns, cracks, loose, sloped, squeaky floors, mechanical damage, wear damage, water damage, and special kinds of damage found on wood floors. We describe various causes of floor damage. We describe the wear and damage problems associated with different types of flooring materials such as carpeting, ceramic tile, vinyl or vinyl asbestos tile, resilient or sheet flooring, wood flooring.
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The following floor and flooring defect descriptions are adapted and expanded from original citations provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates, Home Reference Book, with permission.
Application Errors, Carpeting, Tile, Vinyl Tile, Resilient or Sheet Linoleum or Vinyl or Wood Floors
The most common problem with brittle floor tiles is cracking. This is usually the result of a floor system that is not stiff enough to support the tile. Tiles can also be cracked by impact damage. Heavy items dropped on the tiles will sometimes crack or break them. Replacing individual tiles is not difficult, although color and grout matching may be a problem.
The sketch at left, showing alternative methods for installing and supporing ceramic tiles on floors is provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates and appears in their Illustrated Home.
A cracked and broken concrete floor may only be a problem if it is not safe to walk across, or if there is moisture coming up through the floor. Since it is not a structural component, replacement of this floor is rarely a priority item.
Loose or missing sections of flooring should be replaced. These areas may present a trip hazard. Carpet with ridges and buckles can be pulled tight to lie flat again by a carpet installer.
A concrete basement or crawl space floor that does not slope down to a floor drain can lead to water accumulation on the floor and resulting damage. Adding more concrete to an existing slab to improve the drainage slope is difficult, since new concrete does not usually bond well to old concrete. A better solution may be to add another floor drain. This is expensive, because it requires breaking up some of the concrete floor. Replacing a deteriorated floor may be more cost effective than trying to repair or re-slope the floor.
Squeaky wood floors are a nuisance, not a structural problem. A floor usually squeaks when walked on because the flooring finish or subfloor is not tightly secured. The subfloor may not be well-secured to the joists, or the finished flooring material (e.g. hardwood) may not be tightly fastened to the subfloor.
Flooring that is not tightly secured sits just above the support in some spots. When someone steps on the flooring in this area, it is pushed down onto its support. When the foot is taken off the floor, it springs back up. The squeaking is usually the result of the nails sliding in and out of the nail holes, or adjacent wood surfaces rubbing.
Details about types of damage to wood flooring are provided at FLOOR WOOD, DAMAGE DIAGNOSIS.
Readers should also see FLOOR TILE HISTORY & INGREDIENTS and see FLOOR, CONCRETE SLAB CHOICES, and SLAB INSULATION, PASSIVE SOLAR for examples of discussion of energy-efficient floor designs and passive solar floor systems.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about how to diagnose wood floor damage causes & how to fix problems with wood floor gaps, stains, warping, cupping, split boards, loose boards
Questions & answers or comments about the causes & effects of flooring that is damaged or unsafe due to installation errors, poor maintenance, or other events. .
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