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CHIMNEY INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS REPAIR
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
CHIMNEY CAP & CROWN
CHIMNEY CLEANING PROCEDURES
CHIMNEY COMPONENT DEFINITIONS
CHIMNEY CRACK DETECTION & DIAGNOSIS
CHIMNEY DRAFT & PERFORMANCE
CHIMNEY FIRE ACTION / PREVENTION
CHIMNEY HEIGHT & CLEARANCE CODE
CHIMNEY INSPECTION, FLUE INTERIOR
CHIMNEY LEANING, SEPARATION, MOVEMENT
CHIMNEY REPAIR METHODS
CHIMNEY STAINS & LEAKS
CHIMNEY TYPES & MATERIALS
DIRECT VENTS / SIDE WALL VENTS
DRAFT REGULATORS, DAMPERS, BOOSTERS
FIRE CLEARANCES INDOORS
FIREPLACES & HEARTHS
FLUE VENT CONNECTORS
MASONRY CHIMNEY GUIDE
METAL CHIMNEYS & FLUES
SAFETY RECALLS CHIMNEYS VENTS HEATERS
SOOT AT CHIMNEY TOP
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING EXTERIORS
WOOD, COAL STOVES & FIREPLACES
Chimney bracing & support: this article describes when and how support is added to tall masonry flues along the building exterior wall or above the roof-line.
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Bracing may be required for chimneys that extend high above the roof line. Lateral support may be required to tie a chimney to the building structure. When these supports are missing, even a chimney set on a solid foundation may tip, wobble, or separate from the building it serves.
Loose wobbly masonry chimneys may be missing both lateral support (ties to the building wall) and rooftop support (Carson Dunlop's sketch, below right).
The chimney in our photo (above left) rocked and nearly fell over when we leaned on it a bit while climbing onto this roof.
Pushing gently on a tall flue like this should not produce easy movement.
But be careful! Don't try this at home and certainly not when there are people below, or when the flue is in use or probably any other time. A good wind could blow this chimney down.
Chimney bracing sketches below are provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates.
If the flue were intact and there was no other damage it might be possible to secure the chimney against movement. An expert was needed to decide how to make this one safe.
In our photo (above left) the loose wobbly brick chimney was not supported at the roof and was not connected to the building - hence it moved easily and was in danger of collapse.
Chimneys built on the exterior of a building need lateral support every twelve feet of height as they pass up the building wall - shown in Carson Dunlop's sketch.
In earthquake and high wind areas additional chimney support may be required by local codes, including reinforcement within the masonry structure of the chimney itself.
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