Chimney Fires & Fire Prevention
Metal & Masonry Chimney Safety Advice
CHIMNEY FIRE ACTION / PREVENTION - CONTENTS: What to do in the event of a chimney fire How to prevent chimney fires - US CPSC Safety Alert Document # 5047, supplemented & expanded. Metal chimney safety warning. Common causes of fires at woodstoves. Safety warnings about chimney fires & Metal Flues
Fireplace Safety Advice from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission - US CPSC Document 5047 - expanded
If You Have A Chimney Fire [or any other house fire] Here is What to Do
Know what to do in the event of a chimney fire:
Get everyone out of the building.
Call the fire department from a cellphone or neighbor's telephone.
If you can safely re-enter the building and access the fireplace or wood or coal stove without becoming trapped in the building:
Close down the combustion air supply to the woodstove or coal stove. If you have a fireplace that has glass firedoors, close them.
If there is a manual flue damper in the wood stove or coal stove flue vent connector (the stackpipe between the stove and the chimney), close it.
If you have a chimney fire extinguisher device put it into the woodstove or fireplace or coal stove. Chimflex™ sells a chimney fire extinguisher "stick" that can be ignited and placed "alongside the fire" in a fireplace or woodstove to attempt to suppress a chimney fire. However keep in mind that the fire is in the chimney, not the woodstove or fireplace.
Watch out: be sure to follow the chimney fire extinguisher device manufacturer's instructions or you may make matters worse.
If you have a dry chemical fire extinguisher (recommended for anyone using a woodstove, coalstove or fireplace, use it to extinguish the fire in the fireplace or woodstove.
While waiting for the fire department, if you have access to a garden hose, use it to wet down the roof surfaces to reduce fire spread.
The US CPSC offers some succinct advice to avoid having a costly and dangerous house fire or an unsafe gas leak hazard. Consumer Product Safety Commission Metal Chimneys: Safety Alert CPSC Document #5047 . We have added to the original CPSC information. For a succinct pamphlet on chimney and woodstove safety see
this CHIMNEY & WOODSTOVE FIRE SAFETY CODE Information Sheet [PDF] from Vermont.
Before Using a Wood Stove, Coal Stove, or Fireplace Insert: Safety Checks
[Before using your wood stove, coal stove in the coming or current heating season] the US Consumer Product Safety Commission [since 1983 has] strongly urged you,
if you have a [wood stove or coal stove] or fireplace connected to a metal chimney, to check for any damage that may have occurred in the past heating season.
[Click to enlarge any image]
Even when the heating appliance is properly installed, people with both metal and masonry chimney systems should
frequently check the chimney for creosote deposits, soot build-up or physical damage. Details are
at CREOSOTE FIRE HAZARDS.
The US Consumer Product Safety Commission advises owners of metal woodstove or fireplace insert chimneys to:
Be sure that the chimney and stove pipe were installed correctly in accordance with the manufacturers' recommendations
and local building codes. If there is any doubt, a building inspector or fireman can determine whether the system is properly installed.
Have the chimney checked routinely by a chimney "sweep" at least once a year, and more frequently if a stove is heavily
used (for example, if it's used as a primary heat source for the home).
Check air intake and flue damper operation: Check that the chimney flue damper and/or wood stove or coal stove air intake damper can be operated properly. While checking a flue damper you may get a clue that the flue is heavily coated with creosote if you can no longer move the damper freely.
Watch out: if the incoming combustion air cannot be shut down because of leaky woodstove or coal stove gaskets or other damage, the coal stove, woodstove, or pellet stove is unsafe as its burn-rate cannot be regulated.
See DAMPERS & DRAFT REGULATOR TYPES
Always operate your appliance within the manufacturers' recommended temperature limits. Too low a temperature increases
creosote build-up and too high a temperature may lead to a fire. Chimney temperature monitors are available and should
Make sure that your home has working smoke detectors properly installed and located
Make sure that your home has appropriate fire extinguishers, located by the home exit doors, and of an appropriate size and type if you use a fireplace or woodstove.
If you have had a fire or other safety problem with your chimney, please provide this information to the Commission by
calling the Commission's toll-free Hotline 800-638-CPSC.
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