Question? Just ask us!
Free Encyclopedia of Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, Repair
InspectAPedia ® Home
SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
SEPTIC CARE INSTRUCTIONS
SEPTIC D-BOX INSPECTION
SEPTIC DRAINFIELD FAILURE DIAGNOSIS
SEPTIC DYE TEST PROCEDURE
SEPTIC FAILURE SIGNS
SEPTIC INSPECTION & TEST GUIDE
SEPTIC LIFE EXPECTANCY
SEPTIC SUPPLIES & PARTS
SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES
SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN BASICS
SEPTIC SYSTEMS, HOME BUYERS GUIDE to
SEPTIC SYSTEM SAFETY WARNINGS
SEPTIC TREATMENTS & CHEMICALS
SEWAGE BACKUP PREVENTION
SEWAGE EJECTOR / GRINDER PUMPS
SEWER GAS ODORS
SEWER LINE REPLACEMENT
SINKHOLES, WARNING SIGNS
SOAKAWAY BED FAILURE DIAGNOSIS
SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
TOILETS, INSPECT, INSTALL, REPAIR
TRAPS on PLUMBING FIXTURES
TREATMENTS & CHEMICALS, SEPTIC
VIDEO GUIDES: Septic Videos
WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WATER SUPPLY & DRAIN PIPING
WATER, WELLS, WATER TANKS: TESTING GUIDE
WASHING MACHINES & SEPTIC SYSTEMS
WASTEWATER TREATMENT BASICS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Septic tank location guide: this document provides suggestions and procedures for finding a septic tank. This very detailed article series (seelinks listed at Related Topics or below) tells how to locate a septic tank or other buried site components such as the distribution box, drainfield, or a cesspool or drywell when it's placement is not already known or when the location of the septic tank is not visually obvious.
This guide explains the septic tank search process and lists sources of information about septic tank location. We describe who may know where buried components are located at the site, how to inspect the site, and what mistakes to watch for in assuming that the information you see, read, or are told is absolutely correct.
Green links show where you are. © Copyright 2014 InspectApedia.com, All Rights Reserved.
Beginning here and in a series of detailed procedures we explain various methods to locate buried onsite wastewater disposal system components: the sewer line or main drain, septic tank, septic tank cleanout openings, distribution box, septic drainfield, and related site components.
When the septic tank needs to be pumped, a regular maintenance task, the cost of that service will be less if the property owner found the septic tank location and perhaps even uncovered the septic tank pumping access cover.
Other reasons to find the septic tank include inspecting and testing septic systems when buying a home or for safety, to assure that the septic tank cover is in good condition.
If you don't know whether your property even has a septic tank, your building could be connected to a municipal sewer main. To figure this out, see SEPTIC or SEWER CONNECTION?
Septic System Warnings: Here are a few conditions that may be confusing or dangerous and which you should keep in mind:
Ask the prior owner: the Building's Most Recent Owner May Know the Septic Tank Location
When the location of a septic tank is not visually obvious (see VISUAL CLUES LOCATE the SEPTIC TANK), ask the building's most-recent owner the location of the septic tank. But beware, people can be mistaken, or may have forgotten, or may have never known where their septic tank is buried.
When a building owner does not know where the septic tank is located that is itself useful information. In that case, if we know how long the owner has been in the building, we know it has probably been been at least that long since the septic tank was last pumped. When a septic tank has not been pumped on schedule (see SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE) then even before inspecting the system we must be more pessimistic about the condition of the system and in particular, about the remaining life of the drainfield.
An building owner who has had the septic tank cleaned before is likely to know just where it is located. In an older home an owner may have a drawing of the tank location or may have drawn measurements to the septic tank on a garage or basement wall, perhaps near the main waste line outlet.
Watch out: sometimes the a building owner or prior owner does not really know the tank location, may have forgotten, or have become confused. We conducted a large excavation at the spot where a homeowner told us, with great conviction, where a buried component was located. Ultimately we discovered the component more than 50 feet away. When we confronted the owner with this confusing data he remembered and explained: "Yeah, I never actually saw it, that's where the previous owner told me he thought it was."
In addition to asking building owners, if the age of the home means that the septic system has been present for four years or more, it is possible that even though a current owner may not know the septic tank location, a local septic pumping company might.
It's worth a call to each local septic pumper to ask if they've serviced the property. WARNING: don't rush to let a service company or local excavator come out to dig up the yard - it may not be necessary and it may involve unnecessary costs.
Most often homeowners who have ever had a septic tank installed or serviced record a sketch showing measurements to the septic tank from some visible property feature such as a corner of the building.
At RECORD SEPTIC TANK LOCATION we describe the procedure for making those measurements and the required sketch.
Look in the building basement or crawl space for the point at which the main building drain exits the building. See FIND MAIN WASTE LINE EXIT - start finding the septic tank by finding where the waste line exits the building for details.
While a septic drain line can turn around on a property and the direction of the exit drain pipe is not a guarantee, often it points right to a septic tank that is close to the building.
Look in this same area in the building for a sketch, sometimes drawn right on the building wall or rim-joist, marking distances to the septic tank and its cleanout cover. See SEPTIC TANK LOCATION SKETCH - how to make a sketch showing a septic tank, D-box, or drainfield location
Check with local septic tank service companies. If the building is not new, it is possible (we wish we could say likely) that prior owners had the septic tank cleaned or repaired from time to time. If so the company may have notes on where the tank is located.
Start looking close to the house wall - perhaps 4 ft. away (which would be too close for modern standards) or at 10 feet away for a better location.
On occasion, particularly in an un-finished basement or crawl area, you may find a septic locating sketch on paper, folded and stuffed nearby, or a sketch drawn right on the building foundation wall or rim joist.
Building codes typically require that the tank be located 10' or more from the building so 4' is a bit close but at some old properties we've found the septic tank right next to the foundation wall of the house.
At 12 feet from the home we found this flat stone in the lawn, marking the septic tank cleanout opening.
Our photo (below left) shows where we spotted a septic system cover downhill from a hilltop restaurant in Molde, Norway. The city, Molde, is visible in the upper portion of the photo.
At below-left our photograph shows a round steel septic tank cover right at ground level and just about 30 inches from the house foundation wall. You can see that if you were jamming a probe into the soil over a cover like this one, you'd easily puncture and ruin it.
Dig or probe very gently in the area where you think the tank cover is located -
Watch out: beware of collapsing tank covers and do not work alone - falling in is likely to be fatal - read my Safety Suggestions article above before beginning this work.
What if there are no visual clues of tank location and we can't easily find it outside?
If none of the measures described above works to quickly locate the septic tank, you may want to try SEPTIC TANK LOCATING EQUIPMENT.
The last resort is a bigger digging project which we describe next.
Cross Trenching: At the building wall where the waste line exits, dig a small trench across the suspected pipe location going down until you find the pipe. Note its apparent direction. Move out 3-4 ft. in that direction and dig again.
In other words, follow the pipe by excavating small test trenches across the suspected pipe direction until it leads you to the tank. This is what an excavator does with a backhoe if they can't find the tank by other means.
Tanks may be distant: Beware, while the septic tank is often found close to the building (where it's easier to bury the tank and for other technical reasons), site conditions can make it necessary to locate a tank at quite a distance away.
Special equipment using a plumbing snake and electronic sensors and other methods are available when needed.
By inserting the plumbing snake into the main building drain and pushing it until it stops dead, the snake end has usually hit the septic tank inlet baffle. From this procedure we know the maximum distance from the building drain to the septic tank. We say maximum distance because we don't know for sure that the drain line runs straight to the tank.
A combination of conductive metal snake in the plumbing drain and electronic equipment can trace the routing of a drain line precisely as well as locating the inlet to the septic tank. Details are at SEPTIC TANK LOCATING EQUIPMENT - plumbing snakes, electronic pipe tracing equipment, etc.
Watch out: well not always precisely. Radio transmitter and similar electronic devices that are used to pinpoint buried pipes can be thrown off a bit if there are other metal pipes buried nearby, crossing or in parallel to the pipeline of interest.
Metal septic tanks can be found at their buried location using a metal detector.
The photo at left shows excavation during septic system repairs - this is not the best way to find a septic tank. Knowing the septic tank location can avoid tank damage during repair work, and it will save on septic tank pumping cost since you won't be paying an excavator to find and expose the tank cover.
Avoid "finding" the septic tank by using a backhoe unless the operator is very skilled and careful. At our first home with a septic tank the backhoe operator "found" the septic tank by driving over it and crushing it, leading to a costly repair.
If you have to excavate, or if you are excavating to confirm the septic tank location and to find its cleanout covers then heed this warning:
Watch out: for unsafe septic tank covers that can collapse - falling into a septic tank is usually fatal. Don't use a heavy iron wrecking bar to "probe" for the septic tank by jamming it aggressively into the soil. That's a good way to punch a hole in a steel septic tank lid, cause a tank cover to collapse,or to burst a buried pipe or break a toe. See SEPTIC TANK COVERS - important safety concerns.
Also see SEPTIC TANK DEPTH - how deep might the septic tank be buried anyway?
If no record of the septic tank location is at hand, an experienced septic pumper can generally guess where the tank is likely to be by inspection of the property, or s/he can locate the tank by careful probing. Details are at WHERE TO LOOK for the SEPTIC TANK - what are the reasonable locations where we could look for a septic tank and then at VISUAL CLUES LOCATE the SEPTIC TANK - what can we see that tells us septic tank locatio. A summary is below:
We do not normally expect to find a septic tank located:
We often expect to find a septic tank located
When the septic tank has been located, note if it is installed with improper clearances from other site features such as a private well, and inform the owner accordingly. The measurement procedure to record the septic tank cleanout cover location is at Recording Septic Tank Location.
Green link shows where you are in this article series.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
No FAQs have been posted for this page. Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
Try the search box just below or if you prefer, post a question or a comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.
Search the InspectApedia website
HTML Comment Box is loading comments...
Technical Reviewers & References
Related Topics, found near the top of this page suggest articles closely related to this one.