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AGE of WATER HEATERS
AIRBOUND HEAT SYSTEM REPAIR by WATER FEED VALVE
ALTERNATIVE HOT WATER SOURCES
ANODES & DIP TUBES on WATER HEATERS
ANTIFREEZE for BOILERS
ANTI SCALD VALVES
APPLIANCE DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
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AQUASTAT CONTROL Functions
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BACKFLOW PREVENTER, HEATER WATER FEEDER
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
CHECK VALVES, WATER SUPPLY
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS in WATER
CHIMNEY INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS REPAIR
CLOGGED SUPPLY PIPING
DEBRIS in WATER SUPPLY, Water Heater
DRAIN a WATER HEATER TANK
ELECTRIC WATER HEATERS
FLOODED HEATING EQUIPMENT REPAIR
FLOODED WATER HEATER REPAIR
GALVANIC SCALE & METAL CORROSION
GAS BURNER Flame & Noise Defects
GAS FIRED WATER HEATERS
GAS PIPING, VALVES, CONTROLS
HOT WATER SUPPLY
INDIRECT FIRED WATER HEATERS
MANUALS & PARTS GUIDES - HVAC
MIXING / ANTI-SCALD VALVES
NO HEAT - NO HOT WATER: HEATER DIAGNOSIS
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
NOISE CONTROL for HEATING SYSTEMS
NOISE, PLUMBING CHECKLIST
NOISE, WATER HEATER
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS IN WATER
PIPING IN buildings, Clogs Leaks Types
PLASTIC Plexvent / Ultravent RECALL
PLUMBING FIXTURES, KITCHEN, BATH
RELIEF VALVE LEAKS
RELIEF VALVES - Water Heaters
SCALE REMOVAL, WATER HEATERS
SEWER GAS ODORS
SOLAR HOT WATER HEATERS
SOOT on OIL FIRED HEATING EQUIPMENT
SPILL SWITCHES - Flue Gas Detection
TANKLESS WATER HEATERS
Temperature Pressure Relief Valves - Water Heaters
THERMOSTATS, WATER HEATER
TIMERS for ELECTRIC WATER HEATERS
WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES
WATER CONTAMINANT LEVELS
WATER HAMMER NOISE DIAGNOSE & CURE
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
WATER PIPES, Clogs Leaks Types
WATER PRESSURE & FLOW MEASUREMENT
WATER PRESSURE LOSS DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
WATER QUANTITY IMPROVEMENT
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Electric shower heaters: this article explains the operating characteristics of electric shower heaters, also called instant water heaters or "on demand" water heaters for point of use at shower heads.
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These electric shower heads work where the incoming water temperature is pretty high to start and where the water flow rate is modest.
Electric shower water heaters are typically used where a central hot water heater is not installed. The heater is installed directly on the shower water piping at the location where a conventional shower head would otherwise be found.
These electric point of use water heaters are typically installed in buildings where no water heater or hot water source has been provided.
When a sensor in the shower head detects water flowing, the electrical heating element turns on. An electrical element heats water as it enters and flows through the unit, drawing typically about 23 amps (when wired at 110V 2400 watts) or 13.5 amps (when wired at 220V 2900 watts).
The temperature of the hot water received depends on the flow rate through the heater.
Slower flow rate yields hotter water. Flow rates are limited, however, with a maximum water pressure of 2 gpm and a minimum water pressure (to activate the unit) of 0.83 gpm. The average water temperature increase across this range is 10-25 degF.
That means that if the incoming water temperature is 42 deg.F. (northern U.S. and Canada) your hot shower might reach 67 deg.F. at the slowest flow rate of less than 1 gpm. Not a hot shower.
These point of use electric showers are intended to work in areas where the incoming water is already not very cold, such as the more tropical climate of Puerto Rico, where Duro-Matic is based.
The Mini Marey tankless shower heater (photo at left) is advertised for use in boats, cabins,campers, recreational vehicles (RV showers), mobile homes, apartments where no central water heater is provided.
Puentes, who inspected a large number of electric shower installations in Puerto Rico in 2009 reported that perhaps because these devices were installed in homes of people of limited means, many of them were simply turned off entirely in an effort to reduce the occupant's electrical bill.
We found the exposed electrical wiring at some of these point of use electric shower heaters disconcerting and a possible electrocution hazard, particularly where the wiring was not GFCI protected. Be sure that your electric shower heater is wired according to local and national electrical codes.
Question: how do I choose & set voltage for an electric shower heater?
I want to buy one does products but I don't know how many volt it - Elid Barahona 11/5/11
From an anonymous reader:
For Elid Barahona, Answer is: The Duromatic Electrical Instantaneous water heater is powered by 120 volts.
We add that the voltage choices (120V or 240V) depend on
- what voltage you have at the building (in the U.S. usually 240V but certainly not everywhere)
- choice to spend a little more on wiring or on the device to save on hot water heating costs (240V is generally more efficient)
Continue reading atTANKLESS WATER HEATERS
Photos of electric shower heaters used in the article above are used with permission and were provided courtesy of Arlene Puentes.
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