InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website.
InspectApedia.com - is a free online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice - illustrated, detailed, in-depth research on finding, diagnosing, testing, correcting, & preventing building defects, energy conservation, & indoor environmental hazards. InspectAPedia® is a U.S. registered Trademark.
We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need.
We are dedicated to making our information as accurate, complete, useful, and unbiased as possible: we very much welcome critique, questions, or content suggestions for our web articles.
Contributors, even if it's just a small correction, are cited, quoted, and linked-to from the appropriate additional web pages and articles - which benefits everyone. Working together and exchanging information makes us better-informed than any individual can be working alone.
At InspectAPedia we have no business nor financial connection with any manufacturer or service provider discussed at our website. Independently-placed advertisements & bookstore sales help support the website.
Who are InspectAPedia Readers: international audience
Readers are mostly English speaking people from countries around the world, largely Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, the U.S., the U.K.and Latin America, but also including people from more than fifty other countries and speaking other languages. InspectApedia.com articles have been translated into French, Spanish, Italian, German, even Serbian.
To give a more detailed example that is more narrow and does not reflect the breadth of topics at the website, we have a special interest in assisting in parts of the world where housing or infrastructure such as septic system or waste disposal or provision of sanitary drinking water are especially difficult to provide or obtain.
Readers typically enter InspectApedia for
Information: readers are searching for the answer to a problem with a building that they occupy, live-in, work-in, or are responsible for (involving any building component, structure, mechanical system, etc) or because of a concern with the building's indoor environment (mold, odors, noises, air quality), or the building's energy costs (heating, cooling).
How to guides: readers include owners or occupants of buildings and professional contractors, service providers, investigators, inspectors, engineers, architects, builders, etc. who want information on the best way to build, problem solve, etc. or who are looking for technical depth, education, training.
In other words readers have a problem that they want to solve, or they are people who provide services related to buildings, indoor environment, etc. who want training or technical information; The problem to be solved may involve the building itself (septic system doesn't work) or may involve an individual's health (my house is killing me), or building related worries (how do I fix my air conditioner or cut my heating bills).
InspectAPedia.com - is a free online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice - illustrated, detailed, in-depth research on finding, diagnosing, testing, correcting, & preventing building defects, energy conservation, & indoor environmental hazards
What InspectAPedia wants from our readers: Read, Ask, Tell, Contribute
Read: We want our readers to find and read the solution to their question or need in the researched articles provided at this website and found by a search engine or by using the search box found on our web pages. Be sure to read both the landing article and closely-related articles that they ought to know about.
Ask us if you can't find the answer to your need
First choice: use the COMMENTS BOX found at the bottom of each article to post a comment or ask a question. We monitor comments constantly and respond usually within minutes to a few hours.
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Tell us if you have read something that you consider incomplete or incorrect
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InspectApedia does not sell any product nor service. To be clear, we am not trying to sell any product nor service. Our only product is authoritative, researched, in-depth public information, the creation and hosting of which are supported by Google AdSense advertising income. Here is what we write to people who ask us to provide them with a product:
We do not sell anything. InspectAPedia provides building and environmental diagnostic and repair information.
In order to absolutely assure our readers that we write and report without bias we do not sell any products nor do we have any business or financial relationships that could create such conflicts of interest.
InspectAPedia is an independent publisher of building, environmental, and forensic inspection, diagnosis, and repair information for the public - we have no business nor financial connection with any manufacturer or service provider discussed at our website.
We very much welcome critique, questions, or content suggestions for our web articles. Website content contributors, even if it's just a small correction, are cited, quoted, and linked-to from the appropriate additional web pages and articles - which benefits us both. Working together and exchanging information makes us better informed than any individual can be working alone.
Goals for the InspectApedia website
Provide useful information free to the public
Increase readership in volume, breadth, and geography, addressing a world-wide audience
Maintain sufficient site visitor volume and site income such that we can continue to research & write content in response to the needs of our readers
Assure InspectApedia's long-term usefulness, growth, survival as a free-to-the-public information source for building and indoor environment problem detection, diagnosis, repair & prevention
InspectAPedia.com is a free online Encyclopedia of Home & Building Inspection, Diagnosis & Repair - Links at page top and page left provide instructions for building inspection, diagnosis, and repair of nearly every building system and component.
Green links show where you are at right now by highlighting the current article's link-title in green on gray background.
Page Top Links - Major Topics: major building, energy savings & indoor environment topics are shown across the page top in two rows
Click to Show or Hide Related Topics - by clicking on this link found at the start of each article, a list can be displayed or hidden showing other InspectApedia articles closely elated to the article being displayed.
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Search InspectApedia.com - Find an immediate answer to a question or search InspectAPedia using the search boxes found near the top of our web pages and at the Q&A section at the end of each article.
Ask a question or leave a comment - using the Comments box found at the Q&A section at the end of each article. We respond most quickly questions or comments posted there. Depending on website security maintenance tasks this feature may from time to time be disabled
Making printed copies of InspectApedia articles is permitted.
Information at this website is for residential & commercial property owners, home owners, home buyers, home inspectors, architects, builders, building tradesmen, engineers, environmental inspectors, & industrial hygienists. Contact Us by EMAIL to ask questions about website contents or to suggest content additions or corrections.
We conduct building failures research and develop both written material such as the articles at this website, and education course material on building failures & building & environmental inspection methodology.
InspectApedia includes many topics & detailed discussions that fall outside these guidelines. Examples having building forensic investigations, forensic microscopy and building science as their thread in common, and other building or indoor environment related topics included for purposes of building code, standards, or historical interest include
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMSin buildings, including wiring & electrical devices, including product safety notices, and special topics such as aluminum electrical wiring, unsafe electrical panels, defective electrical system products, including specialties such as LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
ENERGY CONSERVATIONin buildings, including various ways to cut building energy costs and increase building heating and cooling efficiency
HEATING SYSTEMS including boilers, furnaces, steam systems, heating piping, heat and air conditioning duct systems, heating system controls, no-heat diagnosis, product safety notices
HOME INSPECTION education classes, online training, home inspection methods, home inspection standards, ethics, education and advanced techniques, including listings of qualified, certified, & licensed professional building inspectors, including specialties such
as LOG HOME GUIDE and MOBILE HOME INSPECTIONS
INDOOR ENVIRONMENT describes how to inspect, test, detect, and correct most indoor environmental hazards.
INSULATION materials & insulation systems in buildings, including types of insulation, asbestos hazards, fiberglass hazards, ventilation and moisture problem diagnosis, cure, and prevention, ice dam prevention, basement water entry, building flooding, flood damage repair, prevention, and control methods
PLUMBING SYTEMS in buildings including water supply systems, water supply and drain piping, pumps, wells, water heaters, water softeners, water testing, water treatment, drain piping materials, methods, problem diagnosis, and septic systems including septic system design, inspection, testing, maintenance and repair, and alternative septic system designs
ROOFS on buildings & ROOFING SYSTEMS, including how to inspect, diagnose, and repair problems in various roofing materials, roofing methods, and the inspection and repair of roof installations such as slate, asphalt roof, membrane roofs, wood shingle roofs, metal roofs
STRUCTURES of BUILDINGS, including how to inspect, diagnose, and repair foundation problems, foundation cracks and foundation movement, pre-fab foundation materials, site problems affecting building structures such as settlement and water entry.
WATER & WELL SYSTEMS, including water pipes, water pumps & controls, water wells, water supply systems, piping, wells, water testing, water treatment, drain piping materials, methods, problem diagnosis
Publisher, Editor, Contributors & Technical Reviewers of InspectAPedia.com
In addition to individual contributors who are listed on specific articles at InspectAPedia.com, the people listed below are prime contributors of editing and technical content at this website.
Dr. Jess Aronstein, firstname.lastname@example.org is a research consultant and an electrical engineer in Schenectady, NY. Dr. Aronstein provides forensic engineering services and independent laboratory testing for various agencies. Dr. Aronstein has published widely on and has designed and conducted tests on aluminum wiring failures, Federal Pacific Stab-Lok electrical equipment, and numerous electrical products and hazards.
Contact: J. AronsteinConsulting Engineer Bme, Msme, Ph.D., NYS. P.E. Lic. No. 39860, 909 Londonderry Ct., Schenectady, NY 12309 USA, Tel: (845) 462-6452 Email: AronsteinJesse@ieee.org
Ralph Arlyck, Timed Exposures, Tivoli, NY. Mr. Arlyck is a documentary film maker and producer/director of Timed Exposures, an independent film production company, Timed Exposures has produced more than a dozen critically-acclaimed documentaries which span a broad spectrum of subjects.
These films have been broadcast widely in the United States and Europe, and have won top prizes at American and international festivals. Email: email@example.com
Steve Bliss's Building Advisor at buildingadvisor.com helps homeowners & contractors plan & complete successful building & remodeling projects: buying land, site work, building design, cost estimating, materials & components, & project management through complete construction. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Steven Bliss served as editorial director and co-publisher of The Journal of Light Construction for 16 years and previously as building technology editor for Progressive Builder and Solar Age magazines. He worked in the building trades as a carpenter and design/build contractor for more than ten years and holds a masters degree from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Excerpts from his recent book, Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, Wiley (November 18, 2005) ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, appear throughout this website, with permission and courtesy of Wiley & Sons. Best Practices Guide is available from the publisher, J. Wiley & Sons, and also at Amazon.com
Jon Bolton, an ASHI, FABI, and otherwise certified Florida home inspector is a frequent contributor on HVAC topics
Bottini Fuel service manager Ron Thomas, aquastat functions, low limit controls, oil burner short cycling causes, and boiler maintenance, reliability, and service contracts. Bottini service technicians including Bob have discussed contemporary oil and LP gas heating system servicing, maintenance & repair.
Bottini Fuel is a residential and commercial heating oil distributor and oil heat service company in Wappingers Falls, NY and with offices in other New York locations. Bottini Fuel, 2785 W Main St, Wappingers Falls NY, 12590-1576 (845) 297-5580 more contact information for Bottini Fuel
Anthony Alaggio can be contacted through Bottini Fuel (Hudson Valley, NY) or directly for HVAC service at 914-489-0632. Email: email@example.com Special thanks to Mr. Alaggio, an HVAC service technician for technical suggestions regarding oil heat troubleshooting 4/12/2013.
Scott Bradley is Laboratory Director for Aquacheck Laboratory, Inc. PO Box 87 05151 1-800-263-9596.
A more brief version of this article appeared in Aquacheck Laboratory's Water Wisdom Tips and Newsletter, Issue # 6, 2007. www.Aquacheck-VT.com offers other water supply tips in its Water Wisdom section. The laboratory also provides water test kits and offers a free newsletter.
Mr. Buell is a licensed home inspector in Washington State, a licensed structural pest inspector, an ASHI Member, a member of ASHI's technical committee, a member of the WA Home Inspector Advisory Licensing Board, and serves as adjunct faculty at Bellingham Technical College. He has assisted with the content of InspectApedia.com including RELIEF VALVE, TP VALVE TEST.
David W. Carrier, electrical engineer, Poughkeepsie, NY 12603 845-430-7527 firstname.lastname@example.org. Mr. Carrier has conducted failures testing on electrical circuit breakers and panel asssemblies, supplementing Dr. Jes Aronstein's research into FPE and other circuit breaker performance of other brands such as GE, ITE, Murray, Siemens, Bulldog Pushmatic, Zinsco.
See CIRCUIT BREAKER FAILURE RATES
Jennifer Church, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Ms. Church, philosopher, received her BA from Macalester College and her PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She was a graduate student at Somerville College at Oxford University and was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Chicago. Her research addresses various topics in the philosophy of mind, including consciousness, the emotions, irrationality, and the imagination. She also is interested in Kant, Freud, feminist theory, and the philosophy of music. She advises InspectApedia on clarity and coherence of content in both written and illustrated material. She is partner with the website Editor/Publisher, D. Friedman.
Mark Cramer Inspection Services Mark Cramer, Tampa Florida, Mr. Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator. Mr. Cramer serves on the ASHI Home Inspection Standards. Contact Mark Cramer at: 727-595-4211 mark@BestTampaInspector.com
John Cranor is an ASHI member and a home inspector (The House Whisperer) is located in Glen Allen, VA 23060. He is also a contributor to InspectApedia.com in several technical areas such as plumbing and appliances (dryer vents). Contact Mr. Cranor at 804-747-7747 or by Email: email@example.com
Thomas J. D'Agostino, Ronkonkoma, New York 11779. Tel: 631-467-4663, Cell: 631-831-2076, EmailL firstname.lastname@example.org. Mr. D'Agostino is a licensed professional engineer, a professional home inspector, an ASHI member, and is a contributor to InspectApedia.com, e.g. at COPPER-CLAD ALUMINUM WIRE. Mr. Tom D'Agostino was employed at Underwriters Laboratories from 1969 to 1996 and spent a decade and a half studying and testing the safety of aluminum electrical wiring.
Paul DeBaggis is a building inspector and certified building code official with special interest in the history of and standards for wood products. (The American Wood Standards Committee). Mr. DeBaggis has served in the Easton MA. Building Department since 2002 , has worked as a building trades instructor, and also writes about land use regulations, building regulations, and standards. He is a past president of Southeastern Mass. Building Officials and is currently writing a book on the Massachusetts building code. Email: email@example.com
- also see ROOF FRAMING TIES & BEAMS
Bob Fankhauser <firstname.lastname@example.org>, 503 206 9824 Cell, a retired engineer / professional handyman and Habitat for Humanity volunteer who offered comments, suggestions, additions for vinyl CLTE (Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion), CPVC, PVC, cellular PVC, and vinyl (25 Feb 20-16) as well as helpful discussion concerning the wide variation in coefficients of expansion of materials given by various sources. See THERMAL EXPANSION of MATERIALS and VINYL SIDING BUCKLED WARPED.
Eric Galow, Galow Homes, Lagrangeville, NY. Mr. Galow can be reached by email: email@example.com or by telephone: 914-474-6613. Mr. Galow specializes in residential construction including both new homes and repairs, renovations, and additions.
David Goldstein - contributor and technical reviewer. Mr. Goldstein is a principal of Ambic Home Inspection in Downingtown, PA 19335 Tel: 610-269-7365. A member of NAHI, and also of ASHI since 1986, Mr. Goldstein has served as a National Officer in ASHI and on the Board of Directors, as well as President of two different chapters, and on professional committees such as ASHI Standards.
David Goldstein is a New Jersey Licensed Building Inspector and Plumbing Inspector, Construction Official and Sub-Code Official and formerly licensed as a Fire Protection Inspector. He is also a state certified Pest Control Operator and Radon Measurement Technician. Mt. Goldstein also serves as course director for BICI, Building Inspector's Career Institute.
David Grudzinski, Advantage Home Inspections,
ASHI cert # 249089, HUD cert# H-145, is a professional home inspector who contributes on various topics including structural matters.
David Grudzinski, Cranston RI serving both Rhode Island and Eastern Connecticut can be reached at 401-935-6547 fax- 401-490-0607 or by email to Davidgrudzinski@aol.com
Jay Hodgens,P.E., Hodgens Engineering Service, Rapid City, SD 57702. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, for assistance with links and references to regulations regarding underground storage tanks as well as comments on other topics. Jay Hodgens has been licensed as a professional engineer in eight states and has developed over 450 SPCC plans in compliance with regulations in twelve states. Mr. Hodgens can be reached at 845-496-0494 or in South Dakota at 605-350-4367. His proposed amendments to US EPA 40 CFR part 112 can be read at http://www.hodgens.net/hes/10-07comments.pdf. 4/1/2013. Mr. Hodgens is a frequent contributor to InspectAPedia.com.
Claudia Hudson, Asheville NC, Tel: 828-252-0644
Email: email@example.com . Ms. Hudson is an SEO copyrighter / content writer. She has provided background research and text for InspectApedia's articles on deck and porch construction methods & procedures. April 2013.
William King, US CPSC Director of Electrical Engineering (Retired). Mr. King assisted InspectApedia with information about aluminum electrical wiring hazards and Federal Pacific Electric Company Stab-Lok circuit breaker and panel hazards, CPSC history, and related information available under FOIA.
Kenneth Kruger, RA, PE, HI
Kruger Kruger Albenberg
67 Grozier Road
Cambridge, MA 02138
. Ken Kruger is a registered architect and a licensed professional engineer who contributed to professional education and technical research in ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors, in published material at InspectApedia.com and in other venues.
Michael W. Litchfield,
Mike is a contributor to InspectApedia.com on subjects relating to home restoration, renovation, and construction. He has written nine books on home design, construction and renovation. Excerpting from Amazon.com Michael Litchfield, a founding editor of "Fine Homebuilding" magazine, has been renovating homes or writing about them for almost 40 years. He was one of the first technical journalists to go to job sites to gather information from tradespeople. Litchfield's recent title, "In-laws, Outlaws and Granny Flats" was named one of the "10 Best Design Books for 2011." Two of Mr. Litchfield's current works include: RENOVATION 4th EDITION: Completely Revised and Updated, [at Amazon] Taunton Press; 4th ed. (2012), ISBN-10: 1600854923
ISBN-13: 978-1600854927. Review for home inspectors - prior edition: Renovation, A Complete Guide, 2nd Ed. [PDF] IN-LAWS, OUTLAWS, and GRANNY FLATS: Your Guide to Turning One House into Two Homes, [at Amazon] Taunton Press (2011)
Bob Maltempo, P.E. was a licensed professional engineer who performed building inspections and flood damage inspections in Hauppage, New York. We regret to inform readers that Mr. Maltempo passed away on 8 September 2008. Mr. Maltempo was with Cashin Associates in Hauppage Long Island in New York.
Scott C. LeMarr is a contributor on HVAC topics and provided his file of keys to decode Furnace and Water Heater Age from the data provided on the manufacturer's equipment labels. Mr. LeMarr is a professional home inspector, Certified Professional Inspector/President, MASTER Indoor Environmental Specialist (MIES). Vice President of Wisconsin NACHI. He and his company, Honest Home Inspections, LLC. can be reached at 262-424-5587 or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Mary Margaret Minnis, Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems, Bennette D. Burks, Hogarth House 1994 - one of the best septic system books around, suffering a bit from small fonts and a weak index. While it contains some material more technical than needed by homeowners, Burks/Minnis book on onsite wastewater treatment systems a very useful reference for both property owners and septic system designers.
Mark Morsching, Everflashing, 1715 Howard St. N., Saint Paul, MN 55109, 800-550-1667 , Email: email@example.com. The Everflashing product comes in G-185 and Stainless Steel and is intended for use with treated lumber with copper in it. Everflashing produces a variety of specialty flashing products including flashings for use with decks at deck ledgers and deck perimeters. Mr. Morsching advises on deck and porch construction and use of PVC, synthetic, and composite building products. E.g.: Deck Flashing at Building.
Don Norman is a professional home inspector in St. Louis MO, an ASHI member, and has served as chair of ASHI's Education Committee and as ASHI President. Mr. Norman can be contacted at Don Norman
Buyers Protection Group
Bridgeton, MO 63044
Cell: 314-504-0153, Website:
http://www.bpgwi.com. Mr. Norman is an occasional commentator at InspectApedia.com and has added safety comments in the FAQs at AGE of HEATERS, BOILERS, FURNACES
Kevin OMalley, Home Owners Network, Canton Georgia, Mr. OMalley is a past president OF CREIA, the California Real Estate Inspection Association, a past Board Member of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and was founder of Inspection Trainiing Associates, the first licensed home inspection schools in the nation. Mr. OMalley is currently Director of Membership for Home Owners Network, the only live technical support service for home owners. Contact Kevin OMalley at: 760-497-7742 firstname.lastname@example.org
Arlene Puentes, an ASHI member and a licensed home inspector in Kingston, NY, and has served on ASHI national committees (Bylaws, Standards), as well as HVASHI Chapter President. Ms. Puentes can be contacted at email@example.com
Paul Probett, Clinton Craig, Blake Probett, Incodo Ltd, 4/511 Cameron Rd, Tauranga NZ, Email: Paul Probett, firstname.lastname@example.org , Tel: 027 28 000 36 (Mobile) Website: http://incodo.co.nz/ Mr. Probett and his firm Incodo have contributed technical & forensic engineering content & critique to InspectApedia including their research into micro-drilling for in-situ timber & beam rot & damage assessment - WOOD STRUCTURE ASSESSMENT,
Paul Probett, Ph: 0064 7 578 7499 - Office, Post: Incodo Ltd, Box 8202, Cherrywood, Tauranga, New Zealand, is a building expert who has also addressed building moisture investigations, UFFI insulation, and urea formaldehyde outgassing in buildings - FORMALDEHYDE HAZARDS. Also see THERMAL IMAGING, THERMOGRAPHY.
Isabel Sanchez Luna is an engineer who studied environmental enginnering at the University of Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico. Ms. Sanchez-Luna interned at water and wastewater treatment facilities and is a consulting environmental engineer at livestock abbatoir facilities (pig slaughterhouse) in Penjamo, Mexico.
She has assisted in air and water quality studies & reports conducted under the aegis of InspectApedia.com beginning in 2012. Ms. Sanchez can be contacted through the website editor using the CONTACT links found on our web pages.
Michael D. Shaw, Interscan Corporation, 4590 Ish Drive #110, Simi Valley CA 93063, USA Tel: 800-458-6153, Website: www.gasdetection.com Email: email@example.com Interscan is a provider of gas monitoring instruments designed for 21 environmental gases. The company provides gas detection instruments and record-keeping software custom-tailored to the needs of their customers.
James P. Simmons: 3/4/2006, 2/19/2008. Photographs contributed to this website by Jim P. Simmons, Mr. Electric, Licensed Master Electrician, 1320 Dayton Street SE, Olympia, WA 98501, 360-705-4225, Fax 360-705-0130 or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Mr. Simmons is a technical contributor to InspectAPedia.com.
Steve Smallman, Raleigh, NC, Email: email@example.com, Website: http://stevesmallman.com/ Tel: 919-669-3639 - Quoting: Steve Smallman Property Inspections (SSPI) inspectors have performed or supervised over 25,000 inspections since we introduced home inspections to the Triangle area in 1980. Mr. Smallman, located in Raleigh N.C., is a contributor to InspectApedia.com and has commented on or provided information on plumbing traps, electrical wiring, commercial FPE electrical panels and DIY Tests of FPE equipment, roofing underlayment, and building exteriors.
Eric Van De Ven, Coconut Creek, Fl 33066 - (954) 340 6615, a South Florida home inspector, former ASHI and NACHI member, current IHINA (Independent Home Inspectors of North America). firstname.lastname@example.org
Steven T. Vermilye was a home inspector and general contractor who grew up in Westchester County, went to college in Texas and settled in New Paltz in 1971. Steve died on June 19t, 2001. Steve was our close associate and contributed extensively to both technical knowledge about building failures and to ethical standards in the home inspection and building contracting professions.
Steve led our interest in mobile home inspections by offering us an opportunity to join with him to work pro-bono in behalf of agricultural workers in the Hudson Valley -- a service which we continue in his memory. Some of our work together and photographs of Steve Vermilye can be seen at our joint guide to the inspection
of MOBILE HOMES, DOUBLEWIDES, TRAILERS
Herman Vogel, aerospace engineer, discusses combustion of fossil fuels and the details as well as the significance (to non-engineers) of Stoichiometric Combustion
Dave Wickersheimer, P.E. R.A. - IL, professor, school of structures division, UIUC - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign School of Architecture. Professor Wickersheimer specializes in structural failure investigation and repair for wood and masonry construction. Mr. Wickersheimer's engineering consulting service can be contacted at HDC Wickersheimer Engineering Services.
InspectAPedia.com Article Peer Review & Public Comment Policy
InspectApedia permits readers to post questions or comments on any website page at the article end in a Comments area. However there is no direct-posting of articles by readers or the general public without the material passing first through a technical review and editing step.
While we welcome and invite technical questions, arguments, or contributions to the website's content, no article is posted online to our website without it's passing through both technical review and editing for accuracy, clarity, and absence of advertising or promotional material. Of course that doesn't mean there may not be errors that need correction or text that needs clarification or other sources worth citing.
See the page-bottom COMMENTS BOX at the end of each article where readers can post questions or critique, or if readers prefer they can CONTACT US by email. Every article published at InspectAPedia.com contains the following statement
Critique, contributions wanted: CONTACT US to suggest corrections or additions to articles at this website, and if you wish, to receive online listing and credit as a contributor. Particular thanks are due to the many experts and also consumers who read and critique technical articles at InspectAPedia.com.
The concept of a more narrowly defined peer review process is a long-established method by which scholarly journals attempt to improve the accuracy and content of their published materials.
The concept of a widely-defined public posting of online content with the invitation to comment, critique, or make suggestions is more current, and has been also widely discussed, such as in the New York Times in August 2010.
The advantage of a wide public exposure/peer review is the ability to solicit rapid and very broadly-based comment that can and sometimes does substantially improve the technical accuracy and quality of published information, provided that the publisher includes professional editing of the comments and suggestions themselves to review those for accuracy and absence of bias.
The disadvantage of relying on a public-exposure peer review procedure for online technical material is that readers are not always assured that every article has been uniformly reviewed, vetted, and quality-assured. Our policy is to edit and review all contributions to InspectAPedia.com for accuracy and absence of bias, as well as to review with great care public and expert comments and suggestions that we receive.
In addition to frequent contribution and editing by the experts listed just above, the identity and where permitted, contact information and credentials of reviewers of or commentators on individual articles found here is posted at the end of each of our articles where you will also find technical citations, article reference sources, and related materials.
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
Comments, Kudos, Gripes:
(Apr 30, 2012) Steven - FL said:
Thank you for this website! Finally, all the non-biased information a homeowner needs in one place!
(Mar 2, 2013) Al Tieman said:
Thanks for the best information on the web.
(Mar 16, 2013) Steven G Lilley said:
I have inspected real property --- some commercial, mostly residential --- professionally for almost twenty years, and just yesterday viewed your website. Makes me wonder how much better I'd have been if this had been part of my early training in 1993. Oh well, at least your on my favorites list now. Thank you very much.
(Mar 1, 2014) Agapito Feliciano said:
As a homeowner and small landlord doing many of the repairs myself I have found inspectapedia of great value. The information is written so it is easily understood by a non tradesmen which is great. I just wish I could down load articles onto my tablet. Great site keep up the work. Thank you
(Mar 13, 2015) Anonymous said:
Hey Guys, I love the $399,999 California Fixer Uppper on your home page.
Thank you so much for the nice comments everyone.
Indeed we are committed to providing accurate, researched, and unbiased information. And needless to say, we're thrilled when readers find the site useful.
We also welcome questions from our readers, as that helps us determine where more research and writing are most needed.
Question: Blindstock-Verfahr window mounting system
(Aug 30, 2012) Friedrich Huettenberger said:
Does someone know about the german / tyrolian "Blindstock-Verfahren" where windows and doors are mounted after the building is completely finished and how is this named in english.
You an read about Blindstock-Verfahren at www[dot]apu[dot]ch/p-w36pro[dot]htm
Die Gewebeleiste NEO-pro ist auch geeignet für den nachträglichen Fenstereinbau (Blindstockverfahren). Dabei kann das Profil vor dem Fenstereinbau fertig eingeputzt werden (siehe Beispiel ganz unten und Menüpunkt "Detaillösung"). Die Verschlussklappe bleibt dann bis zum Fenstereinbau geschlossen.
That manufacturer's website includes a downloadable PDF describing this window design and how it is installed. It appears that special sealant gaskets and insulation are used to seal the window into the finished opening.
(May 30, 2014) SHAN SINGAPORE said:
my LG aircon out door unit
is working but no cooling in rooms.
model is H2UC186FA0
KINDLY ADVICE WHAT COULD BE POSSIBLE PROBLEM.
CAN I GET SCHEMATIC FOR OUTDOOR UNIT AS WELL.
THANKS A LOT...
If the air handler is moving air but the air is not cold most likely the outdoor compressor/condenser is not working.
About a schematic, I too found it difficult to locate a service manual for your unit - I went to LG's support website at lg.com where the H2UC186FA0 is indeed listed, but the company says that no technical manual is available - which was a surprise.
Here is a link to the LG service manual for the H2UC series split system air conditioners
You can contact an LG Support Representative at
1 800-822-822(National call Rate)
(Oct 14, 2014) Don Hill said:
I have a dug well (18-20ft) in need of repair. I live in SE Connecticut. Do you have a list of service providers for dug wells in Connecticut. All the information I find on-line is related to drilled wells. Thanks.
(Oct 20, 2014) Jim said:
I have a high efficiency gas-fired furnace (Carrier 9200) with a through-the-wall combined combustion gas vent/fresh air intake that collects seeds, leaves and recently an incredible mouse nest that wreaks havoc with my furnace. Does anyone market a grille that would completely envelop the exhaust and intake to keep out rodents?
Anonymous said: MY HEAT MAKING BIG SOUND. WHAT CAN I DO?
Anon see the diagnostics at NOISE, HEATING SYSTEMS - inspectapedia.com/heat/Heating_Noise_Diagnosis.php
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"Scholars Test Web Alternative to the Venerable Peer Review", Patricia Cohen, The New York Times, p. 1, 24 August, 2010. Web Search 08/24/2010.
This article reports on an experiment by the peer-review journal, Shakespeare Quarterly, published by Johns Hopkins University Press, to include an internet-hosted, public comment and peer review procedure in the journal's procedure for review and acceptance of articles for final publication. Quoting from the Journal's description at Project Muse: Founded in 1950 by the Shakespeare Association of America, Shakespeare Quarterly is a refereed journal committed to publishing articles in the vanguard of Shakespeare studies. As of 19 April 2010, submissions are double blinded.
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Or choose the The Home Reference eBook for PCs, Macs, Kindle, iPad, iPhone, or Android Smart Phones. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAEHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. Tel: (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 Email: email@example.com. The firm provides professional home inspection services & home inspection education & publications. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Illustrated Home purchased as a single order Enter INSPECTAILL in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment, useful for determining the age of heating boilers, furnaces, water heaters is provided by Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto - Carson Dunlop Weldon & Associates Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on these courses: Enter INSPECTAHITP in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
The Horizon Software System manages business operations,scheduling, & inspection report writing using Carson Dunlop's knowledge base & color images. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones