FIX WATER WELL CONTAMINATION PROBLEMS - CONTENTS: How to fix contaminated wells: Sources of ground water pollution of drinking water & wells, Health concerns about water pollution, Levels of risk due to water contaminants, Steps to improve well water safety, Protecting ground water, How to correct ground water contamination
How to Fix Well Water Contamination Problems Immediately
If you find that your well water is polluted, fix the problem as soon as possible. You may need to disinfect your water have a new well drilled, re plumb or repair your system. Consider hooking into a nearby community water system (if one is available).
If you have a new well drilled or connect to a community water system, the old well must be closed properly. Consult "local experts" for help.
Procedures for Dealing with Well Contaminants
[See these (non-EPA) step by step guides to correcting problems with well water:
The EPA's "disinfect your water" refers not to
simply temporary disinfection by "shocking" your well, but more likely to installing equipment to treat the water to assure that it is sanitary.
Dealing with a Persistent Well Contaminant Source
If there is a persistent source of well contamination which you are not able to eliminate (such as by repairing a groundwater leak into a well casing),
then the choices are either drill a new well or treat the existing water supply to remove the contaminant.
You might consider installing a water treatment device to remove impurities. Information about treatment devices can be obtained from the following
Water Quality Association
P.O. Box 606
4151 Naperville Road
Lisle, IL 60532
National Sanitation Foundation
P.O. Box 130140
789 N Dixboro Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48113-0140
(734) 769-8010, (800) NSF-MARK
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(to visit in person)
Office of Water Resource Center
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Ariel Rios Building
Washington, DC 20460
Phone: (202) 260-7786 Monday through Friday,
except federal holidays,
8:30AM - 4:30PM ET E-mail address:
There are many home water treatment devices. Different types remove different pollutants or impurities. No one device does it all. Also, you must carefully maintain your home treatment device so your water stays safe. For more information, get a copy of EPA's pamphlet, "Home Water Treatment Units" from the U.S. EPA Resource Center or call the Hotline at (800) 426-4791.
The water pollution and testing material in this article series describes types of activities in your area that can create threats to your water supply.
It also describes problems to look for and offers maintenance suggestions. Sources for more information and help are also listed. [Editing for clarity by DF are marked by brackets or italics] Initial Source: EPA 816-K-02-003 January 2002
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Handbook of Disinfectants and Antiseptics, Joseph M. Ascenzi (Editor), CRC, 1995, ISBN-10: 0824795245 ISBN-13: 978-0824795245 "The evaluation of chemical germicides predates the golden age of microbiology..." -
This well-focused, up-to-date reference details the current medical uses of antiseptics and disinfectants -- particularly in the control of hospital-acquired infections -- presenting methods for evaluating products to obtain regulatory approval and examining chemical, physical, and microbiological properties as well as the toxicology of the most widely used commercial chemicals.
Principles and Practice of Disinfection, Preservation and Sterilization (Hardcover)
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New England Journal of Medicine: City Hospital, Birmingham, UK. Covers the many methods of the elimination or prevention of microbial growth. Provides an historical overview, descriptions of the types of antimicrobial agents, factors affecting efficacy, evaluation methods, and types of resistance. Features sterilization methods, and more. Previous edition: c1999. DNLM: Sterilization--methods.
When Technology Fails, Matthew Stein, Chelsea Green Publisher, 2008,493 pages. ISBN-10: 1933392452 ISBN-13: 978-1933392455, "... how to find and sterilize water in the face of utility failure, as well as practical information for dealing with water-quality issues even when the public tap water is still flowing". Mr. Stein's website is www.whentechfails.com/