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WATER PUMPS, TANKS, TESTS, WELLS, REPAIRS
WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES
WATER CONTAMINANT LEVELS
WATER FILTERS, HOME USE
WATER HAMMER NOISE DIAGNOSE & CURE
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
WATER PUMP REPAIR GUIDE
WATER PRESSURE LOSS DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
WATER PUMP SHORT CYCLING
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WATER TANK REPAIR PROCEDURES
WATER TANK: USES, TROUBLESHOOTING
WATER TESTS, CONTAMINANTS, TREATMENT
WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT CHOICES
WELLS CISTERNS & SPRINGS
WELL CHLORINATION & DISINFECTION
WELL FLOW RATE
WELL WATER PRESSURE DIAGNOSIS
WELL YIELD IMPROVEMENT
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
This drinking water disinfection article gives the details of the amount of different types of disinfectant needed to treat drinking water - the disinfectant concentration needed to make water safe to drink. We explain the increased treatment time or contact time needed depending on the actual chlorine concentration in different bleach products, the actual water temperature and depending on whether or not the treated water is cloudy.
This article series outlines methods to purify or sanitize drinking water in an emergency following a disaster such as an earthquake, flood, or hurricane.
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The amount of disinfectant needed to purify water depends on how contaminated the water is to begin with. If you are using liquid iodine and have no better authoritative information, try a teaspoon of iodine per gallon of water. Other experts recommend:
The table below is derived from U.S. Army field manual FM 21-10 Chapter 2: Individual Preventive Medicine Procedures
Municipal water supplies are generally safe as their water treatment efficacy is monitored regularly as required by federal regulations. But private water supplies may be unsafe and are almost certainly unsafe after disasters such as flooding.
Watch out: as we report throughout this article series, different disinfection methods vary in their effectiveness in combating different types of water contaminants. If you rely on a single disinfection method, for example chlorine disinfection, your water supply could still be contaminated by cryptosporidium, or if chemical contaminants are present, those, too, might remain. Details are at WATER DISINFECTION LIMITATIONS.
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