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Chlorine in water test:
How to test for chlorine or residual chlorine in water: this article describes methods for testing for chlorine in water: in drinking water, aquariums, pools, and in septic wastewater.
Testing water for chlorine or residual chlorine is important not only for health reasons but to detect cheating that occurs in some real estate transaction in which well potability tests are conducted as well as for detecting the mis-use of bleach or other chlorine products to subvert septic dye tests.
How to Test the Water Supply or Septic Effluent for Evidence of the Presence of Chlorine
Use of Hach™ water tests for chlorine are
inexpensive, are more sensitive to chlorine than the old pool chlorine test kit we tried first, and are readily available.
[Click to enlarge any image]
The Hach company sells various chemical reagents including water tests for chlorine in foil packets or as inexpensive test strips sensitive
down to 0.5 mg/L.
I prefer tests sensitive to 0.1 mg/L or less. See the Hach Corporation website (hach.com) or call them at 800-227-4224 (To preserve my objectivity we have absolutely no financial relationship with the company or with any other companies or products you
may see mentioned here).
I use the little Hach chemical packets (sensitivity is 0 - 3.5 mg/L) shown in the photograph here. The reagent is poured in to the water sample which is in a plastic tube provided by Hach (or any clean container of appropriate size). The Hach company provides good instruction manuals for each of their test procedures.
A suitable Hach test strip product for testing the level of Free and Total Chlorine in water is their Free & Total Chlorine Test Strips, 0-10 mg/L, 50 tests Hach Product #:2745050 - a larger set of 250 test strips is also available as Hach Product #2793944
I've also used the AquaChek™ water test strips shown here. These strips do not have the same sensitivity as the Hach test but they have the advantage of ease of use.
Dip the strip into the water to be tested and compare it with the color chart on the test bottle.
The AquaChek™ water test procedure simultaneously tests for total chlorine, free chlorine, total hardness, total alkalinity, and pH of the water being sampled.
A supplier of these water test strips is Environmental Test Systems, Inc., PO Box 4659, Elkhart, Indiana 46514.
Here is a photo of the color comparison chart used with the AquaChek™ water testing strip.
The water test strip is simply aligned with the color chart on the bottle label. The colors of the wet test squares on the strip are compared with the range of colors in the chart to read the level of total chlorine, free chlorine, total hardness, total alkalinity, and pH of the water being tested.
Local water testing labs in your area may also offer these tests as they are quite simple to perform.
Prices for these tests typically run from under $8.00 to $15.00.
Watch out: tests for chlorine in water are not necessarily adequate for testing for chloramine, and vice vesa. Because chloramine remains stable for a longer period in water, and because (sticking around longer) that may permit chlorine molecules to bond with other materials, different tests may be appropriate for these two related substances. A test kit that you intend to use to screen water for chlorine should include a test for "total chlorine" not just "free chlorine" because
At CHEATING ON WATER TESTS we discuss using chlorine testing to detect cheating on water potability tests in real estat transactions.
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