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STRUCTURAL INSPECTIONS & DEFECTS
AGE of a BUILDING - how to determine
BRICK FOUNDATIONS & WALLS
CHIMNEY INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS REPAIR
COLD POUR JOINTS, CONCRETE
COLUMNS & POSTS, DEFECTS
DISASTER BUILDING INSPECTION & REPAIR
EARTHQUAKE DAMAGED FOUNDATIONS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOD DAMAGE TO FOUNDATIONS
FOOTING & FOUNDATION DRAINS
FOOTINGS EXPOSED, Repair Methods
FOUNDATION BULGE or LEAN MEASUREMENTS
FOUNDATION CONSTRUCTION TYPES
FOUNDATION CONTRACTORS, ENGINEERS
FOUNDATION CRACKS & DAMAGE GUIDE
FRAMING DAMAGE, INSPECTION, REPAIR
GRADING, DRAINAGE & SITE WORK
GUTTERS & DOWNSPOUTS
INSECT INFESTATION / DAMAGE
MOBILE HOMES, DOUBLEWIDES, TRAILERS
MODULAR HOME CONSTRUCTION
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
RETAINING WALL DESIGNS, TYPES, DAMAGE
RETAINING WALL GUARD RAILINGS
STRAW BALE CONSTRUCTION
STRUCTURAL DAMAGE PROBING
STRUCTURAL WOOD ASSESSMENT
THERMAL EXPANSION of MATERIALS
TIMBER FRAMING, ROT
WATER BARRIERS, EXTERIOR BUILDING
WATER ENTRY in BUILDINGS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Foundation crack movement monitoring devices & methods; this document describes how foundation or slab cracks can be monitored for evidence of movement and what general advice makes sense for building owners or buyers where foundation damage is found and/or where further foundation inspection, testing, diagnosis, or repair appear warranted based on a general field inspection. We include discussion of methods used to perform ongoing monitoring of building foundations for cracking and movement.
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Building foundations may be moving, either continuously or episodically. Most movement is episodic, that is, the movement is not a simple and continuous creep but rather foundation movement or cracking occurs in fits and starts.
Our sketch (left) shows a bulged masonry block foundation wall that has bowed in two inches at its innermost point.)
Usually foundation movement and further cracking occurs in response to occurrences of what has caused the cracking in the first place.
Examples of Causes of Ongoing Foundation Damage/Movement
On occasion a foundation cracked or damaged by an event (drove a heavy vehicle too close to the masonry block foundation wall) may later move, crack or bend, buckle, lean, bulge, etc. in response to other site conditions that it was previously able to resist before it was weakened by the original damage (frost, water, other vehicles).
Examples of Episodic or Discontinuous Causes of Foundation Damage/Movement
List of Simple Methods to Monitor a Masonry Foundation for Evidence of New or Ongoing Movement
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about foundation crack monitoring devices
Questions & answers or comments about devices used to monitor cracks in masonry or concrete foundations & walls: sources, uses, interpretation of results. .
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Technical Reviewers & References
ADDITIONAL READING about Foundation Failure Diagnosis & Repair