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ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS - INSPECT, TEST, REMEDY
AIR CLEANER PURIFIER TYPES
AIR POLLUTANTS, COMMON INDOOR
AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES
AIRBORNE PARTICLE ANALYSIS METHODS
ALLERGEN TESTS for BUILDINGS
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN BUILDINGS
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BLACK MOLD, TOXIC & ALLERGENIC
BLEACHING MOLD, Advice about
BOOKSTORE - ENVIRONMENTAL
CADMIUM in the HOME
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
CARPETING & INDOOR AIR QUALITY
CAT DANDER in BUILDINGS
CELL PHONE RADIATION
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS in WATER
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS & IAQ
DIRECTORY of MOLD / ENVIRONMENTAL EXPERTS
DUST SAMPLING PROCEDURE
EMERGENCY RESPONSE, IAQ, GAS, MOLD
EMF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDSRE
ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS at BUILDINGS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOR TILE ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION
FUNGICIDAL SPRAY & SEALANT USE
GAS EXPOSURE EFFECTS, TOXIC
HEATING OIL EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
HOUSE DUST ANALYSIS
HOUSE DUST COMPONENTS
HUMIDITY CONTROL & TARGETS INDOORS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT GUIDE
LAB PROCEDURES MICROSCOPE TECHNIQUES
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
Legionella Legionnaires' Disease
LIGHT, GUIDE to FORENSIC USE
METHANE GAS SOURCES
MILDEW in BUILDINGS ?
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOLD ACTION GUIDE - WHAT TO DO ABOUT MOLD
MOLD CONSULTANTS / INSPECTORS
MOLD DETECTION & INSPECTION GUIDE
MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE
MOLD RELATED ILLNESS GUIDE
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
MVOCs & MOLDY MUSTY ODORS
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
OIL, HEATING, EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
OIL HEAT ODORS & NOISES
OIL SPILL CLEANUP / PREVENTION
PET ALLERGENS / PET DANDER
PET STAINS & MARKS in BUILDINGS
PLASTIC ODORS-SCREENS, SIDING
PLUMBING SYSTEM ODORS
PVC - VINYL BUILDING PRODUCTS
RADON HAZARD TESTS & MITIGATION
SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
METHANE GAS HAZARDS
SEPTIC SYSTEM ODORS
SEWAGE BACKUP TEST & CLEANUP
SEWER GAS ODORS
SMELL PATCH TEST to Track Down Odors
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING EXTERIORS
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING INTERIORS
SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
UFFI UREA FORMALDEHYDE FOAM INSULATION
URETHANE FOAM Deterioration, Outgassing
VINYL CHLORIDE HEALTH INFO
VOCs VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
Toxicity of ozone gas: this article discusses Ozone Toxicity in Buildings - A Summary of Hazards of Indoor Ozone, Ozone Generators, and Use of Ozone for Mold Remediation. While there are some important uses of ozone (such as for medical disinfection under controlled conditions), in general this is an idea which ranges from bad to dangerous in the home. This article explains the effects of using ozone in buildings for these purposes and warns consumers about misapplication of and health risks from ozone in buildings. Because at least some of these claims are based on marketing desire, not good science, and because ozone exposure can be both dangerous and ineffective indoors, I have collected some information and references on this topic.
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Ozone Toxicity Levels: How toxic is ozone, general background, levels of ozone gas toxicity, ozone gas applications
A friend of ours gave us a ozone junior to use in our home it comes on for 10 minutes off for 10 minutes. We are happy with it as far as taking care of the pet odors or any odors but are concerned on whether it is safe to use as it had no paper work. I would just like to know whether this can be harmful to my family or pets? - N.A.
Reply: It depends ...
It might be. A competent onsite inspection or testing by an expert might find other unsafe conditions in your home or conditions that are affecting how your ozone air machine performs. That said, here are some things to consider:
Information about your "ozone junior" ozone generator: IF you are referring to the OZN-jr Ozone Generator that we noted is for sale at Amazon.com. An Amazon advertisement viewed in March 2011 indicated that the OZN-jr ozone generator unit produces 200 mg of ozone per hour. The advertising material asserts that the product is "good for deodorizing up to 1000 cubic feet." The product manufacturer, Sunlight Solutions, indicates that "Ozone output is 8 mg/hr."
How big is a 1000 cubic foot room? Figuring an 8-foot ceiling, that's about 125 square feet, or a 10 x 12 room.
Calculating ozone generator output concentration in a room: How much is 200 mg of ozone per hour seen in the [March 2011] Amazon Ad? We don't know because the 200 mg number looks incomplete. If that 200 mg of ozone is being produced over an hour in a 1000 cubic foot room, that would be a very low concentration of ozone. 1000 cubic feet = 23,317 liters. 200 mg of something distributed into 23,317 liters amounts to about 0.0085 mg per liter or about 0.0085 ppm. In other words, almost nothing.
How much is 8 mg/hour ozone output seen at the OZN-jr product web page [March 2011]? Following the calculation above, output is 0.0003 ppm - almost less than nothing.
In our OPINION, at those ozone output levels your machine would not be hurting anyone, but it also would not be doing much that you'll notice either. Our detailed text below states that " ... the odor of ozone can be detected and identified by most people at a concentration of from 0.02 to 0.05 ppm (parts ozone per million parts air + ozone)."
Watch out: there is a very wide range of ozone output from different types of ozone generating equipment, and some equipment can be used at output settings or in enclosed environments to produce levels of ozone gas dangerous to occupants and damaging to building contents.
With an advertising attorney we recently discussed the legal requirements for advertisers who make "up to" claims. She informs us that in the U.S. law on "up to" claims requires that the product meet the "up to" claim at least ten percent of the time. Translating this into plain language, in a given installation the OZN-jr can meet its advertising claims if in ten percent of cases it deodorizes 1000 cubic feet (that's a room that is about 8 feet by 15.6 feet or 125 square feet if the ceiling height is also 8 feet). And 90 percent of the time it can perform less well, or even not at all.
The ability to deodorize a space using just about any deodorizing method (other than complete removal of the odor source) depends on other variables that are certainly not under the product manufacturer's control, such as the level of odor or smell in the first place, the persistence and nature of the odor source, building air movement properties, space size, equipment location, and lots more.
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