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ALLERGEN TESTS for BUILDINGS
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN BUILDINGS
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
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BOOKSTORE - ENVIRONMENTAL
CADMIUM in the HOME
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CAT DANDER in BUILDINGS
CELL PHONE RADIATION
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS in WATER
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS & IAQ
DIRECTORY of MOLD / ENVIRONMENTAL EXPERTS
DUST SAMPLING PROCEDURE
EMERGENCY RESPONSE, IAQ, GAS, MOLD
EMF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDSRE
ENDOCRINE DISRUPTERS at BUILDINGS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOR TILE ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION
FUNGICIDAL SPRAY & SEALANT USE
GAS EXPOSURE EFFECTS, TOXIC
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HOUSE DUST ANALYSIS
HOUSE DUST COMPONENTS
HUMIDITY CONTROL & TARGETS INDOORS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT GUIDE
LAB PROCEDURES MICROSCOPE TECHNIQUES
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
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LIGHT, GUIDE to FORENSIC USE
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MILDEW in BUILDINGS ?
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOLD ACTION GUIDE - WHAT TO DO ABOUT MOLD
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MOLD DETECTION & INSPECTION GUIDE
MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE
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MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS
MVOCs & MOLDY MUSTY ODORS
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
OIL, HEATING, EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
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OIL SPILL CLEANUP / PREVENTION
PET ALLERGENS / PET DANDER
PET STAINS & MARKS in BUILDINGS
PLASTIC ODORS-SCREENS, SIDING
PLUMBING SYSTEM ODORS
PVC - VINYL BUILDING PRODUCTS
RADON HAZARD TESTS & MITIGATION
SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
METHANE GAS HAZARDS
SEPTIC SYSTEM ODORS
SEWAGE BACKUP TEST & CLEANUP
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SMELL PATCH TEST to Track Down Odors
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING EXTERIORS
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SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
UFFI UREA FORMALDEHYDE FOAM INSULATION
URETHANE FOAM Deterioration, Outgassing
VINYL CHLORIDE HEALTH INFO
VOCs VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
House dust test procedure or other building dust sampling for fiberglass: this indoor air quality testing article describes the process for laboratory identification of particles found in indoor air or settled dust collected in residential and light-commercial buildings.
Typical components of house dust are dominated by fabric fibers and skin cells. We may however find either high levels of common problem particles (mold, allergens, fiberglass or other insulation fragments) or low levels of particles that by their nature still indicate a problem.
Our page top photo shows a vacuum sample of fiberglass building insulation. The bonding resin is plainly visible in our lab photo - often the color of the binding resin in fiberglass insulation helps trace insulation dust in a building back to its source. Not all fiberglass insulation includes resin binders however.
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Simple Method for Identifying Contents of House Dust to Screen for Building Insulation (fiberglass fragments or other insulation materials)
This article describes easy steps taken in the forensic lab that permit reliable particle identification and distinguishing among fiberglass insulation, mineral wool or "rock wool" and cotton or other fibers.
Above (left) we show a macro photograph of white blown-in unbonded InsulSafe® building insulation sold by CertainTeed and provided by a homeowner who asked our lab to study dust samples from her home.
At above right is the same insulation shown in the stereo microscope at about 20x, and below the same material is magnified to 720x.
Above (left) we show a 720x micro-photograph of white blown-in unbonded InsulSafe® building insulation sold by CertainTeed. At above right our photo shows the dominant particles in the dust sample from the home under study.
Magnified to 720x the fibers we found were primarily cotton, with some linen and a few synthetic fabric fibers. There was virtually none of the insulation fibers provided for comparison (above left) as a possible source of dust in the home.
Above (left) a client photo shows a heavy and rapid dust accumulation on building surfaces. At above right our lab photo shows that the prime contents of the dust were fabric fibers and starch granules, not building insulation in this case. - DF & WW 6/2010.
Watch out: when preparing a laboratory sample for microscopic examination for the present and level of fiberglass fragments (from insulation or any other source), choose the mountant liquid wisely. If you use a slide mountant whose refractive index is close to that of glass fibers, detection of small fiberglass fragments may be difficult or impossible even though they may be present at high levels.
Thus while it may be trivial to distinguish fiberglass from other fibers found in building dust, it the mountant is not properly selected (with the proper n or refractive index), or if the microscope is not properly adjusted, the technician can completely miss high levels of ultra-fine fiberglass fragments.
Fiberglass Lab Tip - watch out for ultra-small fiberglass fragments
While detection of large fibers of any sort in a microscope sample is relatively easy, in our OPINION, some fiberglass dust studies have been faulty in design because technicians seriously under-report the presence of ultra-small fiberglass insulation fragments in dust samples. This error occurs because of a combination of:
In sum, as forensic microscopists know well, if you don't look for a particle or a particle in the proper size range, preparation, and magnification, you will not find it. Details about the problems of detecting ultra-small fiberglass fragments are
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