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ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS - INSPECT, TEST, REMEDY
AIR CLEANER PURIFIER TYPES
AIR POLLUTANTS, COMMON INDOOR
AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES
AIRBORNE PARTICLE ANALYSIS METHODS
ALLERGEN TESTS for BUILDINGS
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN BUILDINGS
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BLACK MOLD, TOXIC & ALLERGENIC
BLEACHING MOLD, Advice about
BOOKSTORE - ENVIRONMENTAL
CADMIUM in the HOME
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
CARPETING & INDOOR AIR QUALITY
CAT DANDER in BUILDINGS
CELL PHONE RADIATION
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS in WATER
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS & IAQ
DIRECTORY of MOLD / ENVIRONMENTAL EXPERTS
DUST SAMPLING PROCEDURE
EMERGENCY RESPONSE, IAQ, GAS, MOLD
EMF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDSRE
ENDOCRINE DISRUPTERS at BUILDINGS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOR TILE ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION
FUNGICIDAL SPRAY & SEALANT USE
GAS EXPOSURE EFFECTS, TOXIC
HEATING OIL EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
HOUSE DUST ANALYSIS
HOUSE DUST COMPONENTS
HUMIDITY CONTROL & TARGETS INDOORS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT GUIDE
LAB PROCEDURES MICROSCOPE TECHNIQUES
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
LEGIONELLA LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE
LIGHT, GUIDE to FORENSIC USE
METHANE GAS SOURCES
MILDEW in BUILDINGS ?
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOLD ACTION GUIDE - WHAT TO DO ABOUT MOLD
MOLD CONSULTANTS / INSPECTORS
MOLD DETECTION & INSPECTION GUIDE
MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE
MOLD RELATED ILLNESS GUIDE
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
MVOCs & MOLDY MUSTY ODORS
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
OIL, HEATING, EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
OIL HEAT ODORS & NOISES
OIL SPILL CLEANUP / PREVENTION
PET ALLERGENS / PET DANDER
PET STAINS & MARKS in BUILDINGS
PLASTIC ODORS-SCREENS, SIDING
PLUMBING SYSTEM ODORS
PVC - VINYL BUILDING PRODUCTS
RADON HAZARD TESTS & MITIGATION
SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
METHANE GAS HAZARDS
SEPTIC SYSTEM ODORS
SEWAGE BACKUP TEST & CLEANUP
SEWER GAS ODORS
SMELL PATCH TEST to Track Down Odors
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING EXTERIORS
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING INTERIORS
SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
UFFI UREA FORMALDEHYDE FOAM INSULATION
URETHANE FOAM Deterioration, Outgassing
VINYL CHLORIDE HEALTH INFO
VOCs VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
Gases that make up outdoor air: this article provides a table of the components in outdoor air - a list of the various gases found in air by percentage. The table gives the percent of each gas found in typical outdoor air, includes citations of authoritative sources, and discusses variations in the data. These gas percentages are a useful reference for comparison when making both outdoor and indoor site measurements and studies of air quality and air contaminants.
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Outdoor air is commonly used as a baseline for comparison with indoor air quality. Provided that the outdoor air location sampled is not close to a particular source of contamination such as particulates or chemicals from a nearby trash burning or industrial facility, or such as gases from an adjacent garage or highway this is a reasonable approach. The table below provides the components of indoor air in typical percentages of make-up.
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Technical Reviewers & References
Related Topics, found near the top of this page suggest articles closely related to this one.
The first detector tube was used in the U.S. in 1919 (for CO). Modern tubes offer quantitative results with a high degree of accuracy and selectivity. Basically, a "tube" is a glass tube which contains one or more chemical reagents which react with the measured substance by changing color, hence the name "colorimetric gas detector tubes".
In most tubes, the length of stain, combined with the volume of pumped test-air and with other environmental variables such as RH and temperature provide a quantitative measure of the level of target substance present at the instant of sample collection. Other methods are available for long-term sampling where that approach is needed.
Draeger Simultaneous Sets I and II measure inorganic combustion gases. Set III is for the measurement of organic vapors, most of which are not pertinent to this fire. The specific substances tested and the test results for each are listed in our Lab Report.
 Draeger Sampling Pump: I use the Draeger accuro 100 ml multi-stroke bellows Pump and Draeger-Tubes for gaseous substance sampling, or the Sensidyne Gastec 100 ml multi-stroke piston pump and Gastec tubes for certain gaseous substances. Both pumps are factory calibrated at 100 cc, and are leak-tested before and after each investigation. The adsorption tubes used for substance screening/identification are factory-calibrated.
[73766,1245] GASES.TOX 08-May-87 17240 ; 53
Title: Toxicity & hazards discussion of various gases
Keywords: Discussion of the toxicity and hazards of various gases, ammonia, arsine, bromine, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, propylene, and sulfur dioxide.
[74756,40] CO 20-Dec-86 7050 40
Title : Carbon Monoxide discussion by Jack Peterson
Keywords: CO CARBON MONOXIDE JACK PETERSON DISCUSSION THREAD
This is a discussion of carbon monoxide from lift trucks, by Jack Peterson, in response to a query on the message board. Excellent nformation from one of the leading experts on the topic.
74756,40. [76701,115] COALAR.TXT 19-Aug-88 12814 17
Message thread on Carbon Monoxide Alarms
Keywords: CO CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM ALARMS MONITOR MONITORING TESTING
This file is a message board discussion on Carbon Monoxide alarms, featuring comments by one of the leading authorities on CO, Jack Peterson.