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This article lists significant site drainanage and landscaping defects, definitions, and home inspection education topics. This article series, beginning at BUILDING DEFECTS LISTS, provides lists of common building defects and basic defect knowledge that also outline recommended curriculum content for home inspector education. The building defects and inspection points listed in these articles also guide homeowners and home buyers to building areas that merit careful attention and often point areas of safety concern or important maintenance and repair tasks.

Readers should see EXTERIORS of BUILDINGS and see WATER ENTRY in BUILDINGS for our complete list of articles on this topic. Also see HOME & BUILDING INSPECTORS & INSPECTION METHODS. Use the Search Box at the top or bottom of these pages to find in-depth information about building, energy savings, and indoor environment inspection, diagnosis and repair at this website. Watch out: these inspection lists do not list all possible defects for the systems discussed, and not all home or building inspectors will examine all of the items listed here. CONTACT us to suggest corrections or additions to articles at this website.

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Home Inspection Education Curriculum - Sitework, Drainage

These curriculae and building defect lists are based on smilar curriculum documents first prepared by Joe Scaduto, an ASHI member who prepared course material for Northeastern University's Building Inspection Certificate program in 1988, subsequently by DF, InspectApedia's editor, for New York University ca 1988 and later, with others, recommended to ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. ASHI did not adopt this material though currently that association as well as others offer extensive HOME INSPECTOR EDUCATION material. The curriculum and lists of defects are informed by additional analysis of the process of home inspection that was developed beginning Calgary, AB for Canadian and U.S. home inspector education and certification examinations in 1997. Other early contributors to home inspection education in the U.S. and Canada include Dr. Jess Aronstein, Alan Carson, Mike Casey, Mark Cramer, John Cox, Dwight Barnett, Douglas Hansen, Rick Heyl, Larry Hoytt, Bill Merrill, Kevin O'Malley, Dennis Robitalille, Keith Peddie, Pat Porzio, Roger Robinson. Also see GUTTERS & DOWNSPOUTS and see FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP. Also STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS

7.3   Site Drainage Inspections: Surface Water Control and Landscaping

7.3.1 Knowledge Base for Site Drainage Inspections

1.    Describe the importance of surface water control and how landscaping may affect homes.

2.    Describe these types of roof drainage systems: gutters and downspouts, scuppers, interior drains.

3.    Describe the materials/components of gutter and downspout systems, window wells, walkways, patios and driveways, retaining walls.

4.    Describe the features of  adequate installation and repair technique for lot grading, gutters, downspouts, window wells, walkways, driveways and grounds, and retaining walls.

5.    Define the following terms:

      Swale, catchbasin, foundation drainage layer, gutter, trough, eavestrough, downspout, leader, conductor pipe, ice damming, integral gutter, Yankee gutter, splashblock, scupper, ponding, birdcage, retaining wall (gravity, cantilever, tile, shoring, tie-back, deadman, weephole)

6.    Identify the codes or standards which apply to surface water control and landscaping systems in your area.


7.3.2 Inspection Skills for Site Drainage Inspections

1.    Describe the inspection procedure for lot grading, roof drainage, window wells, walks and driveways, grounds, patios, retaining walls.

2.    Identify the common defects listed on the next page.

3.    Describe the implications of each defect .

4.    Identify safety issues for the inspector and occupant of the house (fall hazard, trip hazard, slip hazard).

5.    Communicate findings to client verbally and in writing, recommending corrective action where needed.


SURFACE WATER CONTROL & LANDSCAPING TYPICAL DEFECTS

      OTHER EXTERIOR COMPONENTS

      BASEMENT STAIRWELLS DEFECTS               WINDOW WELLS DEFECTS 


      • Cover inoperable                        • Damaged

      • Door threshold missing,                 • Drains –

      too low, not watertight

      • Drains missing, clogged or undersized         – Missing

      • Frost damage                                  – Not connected

      • Guard and handrail problems                   – Broken

      • Insect damage                                 – Obstructed

      • Leaking                                 • Missing

      • Paint or stain needed                   • Rot or wood/soil contact

      • Rot                                     • Rust

      • Rust

      • Step and landing problems               WALKS AND DRIVEWAYS DEFECTS 

      • Walls cracking, leaning, bowing or

      spalling                                  • Cracked or damaged surfaces

                                                • Improper slope or drainage

      LOT GRADING DEFECTS                       • Uneven (trip hazard)


      • Clogged catch basins                    GROUNDS DEFECTS 

      • Improper slope

      • Porous material                         • Disturbed ground

      • Soil erosion                            • Trees or shrubs too close to house


      GUTTERS  DEFECTS                          PATIOS DEFECTS 


      • Improper slope                          • Retaining walls –

      • Leaking or clogged                            – Cracks

      • Loose or damaged                              – Bulging

      • Missing                                       – Bowing

      • Rusted                                        – Drainage system missing

      • Undersized                                    – Leaning

                                                      – Deteriorated mortar

      DOWNSPOUTS                                      – Spalling

                                                      – Settlement or shifting

      • Clogged                                       – Rot or insect damage

      • Damaged                                 • Slip hazards

      • Downspouts discharging onto roofs       • Slope towards house

      • Downspouts discharging onto the ground  • Trip hazards

      • Downspouts discharging below grade

      • Leaking                                 GUARDRAILS AND HANDRAILS DEFECTS  

      • Missing

      • Too few                                 • Damage at bottom

      • Undersized                              • Missing or ineffective

      • low slope  JDG                          • Missing

 

       ROOF DRAINS  DEFECTS                     • Rust

                                                • Too low

      • Clogged                                 • Weak

      • Drains not at low spots  

      • Leaking                                 RETAINING WALLS DEFECTS  

      • Scuppers missing

      • Too few drains                          • Bowing

      • Undersized                              • Cracking

                                                • Drainage system missing

      COLUMNS DEFECTS                           • Leaning

                                                • Mortar – deteriorated, missing

      • Cracking                                • Rot or insect damage

      • Heaving                                 • Rusting

      • Leaning                                 • Settling or shifting

      • Rusting                                 • Spalling

      • Settling      

      • Spalling

    

Readers should see EXTERIORS of BUILDINGS and see WATER ENTRY in BUILDINGS for our complete list of articles on this topic. Also see HOME & BUILDING INSPECTORS & INSPECTION METHODS. Use the Search Box at the top or bottom of these pages to find in-depth information about building, energy savings, and indoor environment inspection, diagnosis and repair at this website. Watch out: these inspection lists do not list all possible defects for the systems discussed, and not all home or building inspectors will examine all of the items listed here. CONTACT us to suggest corrections or additions to articles at this website.

Also see GUTTERS & DOWNSPOUTS and see FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP. Also STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS

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