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Staged warm air furnace schematic (C) Carson Dunlop AssociatesElectric Heating System Defects List
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Electric heat inspection, troubleshooting, repair:

This article lists significant electric heat defects, definitions, and home inspection education topics.

The building defects and inspection points listed in these articles also guide homeowners and home buyers to building areas that merit careful attention and often point areas of safety concern or important maintenance and repair tasks.

Page top sketch of sequencers in an electric furnace courtesy Carson Dunlop Associates.

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Home Inspection Education Curriculum - Heating, Electric

Electric baseboard (C) Daniel Friedman

4.7   Electric Heating System Inspection Recommendations & Defects List

4.7.1 Knowledge Base for Electric Heater Inspections

1. Describe the function of electric heating systems.

2. Describe these types of electric heat: furnace, boilers, space heaters, radiant system.

3. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of electric heating systems compared to gas or oil heating systems.

4. Describe 120/240 volt single phase residential electric principles as they apply to heating,

5. Describe the features of  adequate installation and repair technique for each type of electric heating(space heaters, furnaces, boilers, radiant).

6. Define the following terms as they relate to electric heating systems: duct heating, plenum heating, watts, BTUs per hour, ohms, volts, amps, input capacity, output capacity, unitary heater, line voltage, thermostat, low voltage thermostat, staged electric furnace, sequencer, fan/limit switch (furnace), high temperature limit switch (boilers), fusible link (furnace elements), thermal cut- outs (furnace elements), sail switch, thermostat anticipator, relay, temperature rise, safe fill switch (boilers), radiant ceiling heating(four types).

7. Identify the codes or standards which apply to electric heating systems in your area.

4.7.2 Inspection Skills forf Inspecting Electric Heaters

1. Describe the inspection procedure for electric space heaters, furnaces and boilers, and radiant heat.

2. Identify the common defects listed on the next page.

3. Describe the implication of each defect.

4. Identify the safety issues for the inspector and occupant of the home(electric shock, fire, physical injury).

5. Communicate findings to client verbally and in writing, recommending corrective action where needed.

Electric Heat System Inspection Checklist

Electrical Wiring Defects for Electric Heater Systems

ELECTRIC SPACE HEATERS Defects List

ELECTRIC FURNACES Defects List

ELECTRIC FURNACE GENERAL DEFECT LIST

ELECTRIC FURNACE MECHANICAL AIR FILTER DEFECT LIST

ELECTRIC FURNACE HVAC CABINET DEFECT LIST

ELECTRIC FURNACE HVACV Thermostat Defects List

See THERMOSTATS, HEATING / COOLING - home

ELECTRIC FURNACE BLOWER DEFECT LIST

ELECTRIC FURNACE DUCTS, REGISTERS AND GRILLE DEFECT LIST

See DUCT SYSTEM & DUCT DEFECTS - home

FAN/LIMIT SWITCHES Defects List

See FAN LIMIT SWITCH - home

ELECTRIC BOILER Defects Checklists

General Defects - Electric Heating Boilers

TP Valves - Temperature and/or Pressure Relief Valves - Safety Valves Defects List

Electric Heating Boiler Enclosure or Cabinet Defects List

ELECTRIC HEAT THERMOSTAT DEFECT LIST

ELEDTRIC RADIATORS, CONVECTORS AND BASEBOARD DEFECT LIST

Also see HOME & BUILDING INSPECTORS & INSPECTION METHODS. Use the Search Box at the top or bottom of these pages to find in-depth information about building, energy savings, and indoor environment inspection, diagnosis and repair at this website. Watch out: these inspection lists do not list all possible defects for the systems discussed, and not all home or building inspectors will examine all of the items listed here.

CONTACT us to suggest corrections or additions to articles at this website.

These curriculae and building defect lists are based on smilar curriculum documents first prepared by Joe Scaduto, an ASHI member who prepared course material for Northeastern University's Building Inspection Certificate program in 1988, subsequently by DF, InspectApedia's editor, for New York University ca 1988 and later, with others, recommended to ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors.

ASHI did not adopt this material though currently that association as well as others offer extensive HOME INSPECTOR EDUCATION material. The curriculum and lists of defects are informed by additional analysis of the process of home inspection that was developed beginning Calgary, AB for Canadian and U.S. home inspector education and certification examinations in 1997.

Other early contributors to home inspection education in the U.S. and Canada include Dr. Jess Aronstein, Alan Carson, Mike Casey, Mark Cramer, John Cox, Dwight Barnett, Douglas Hansen, Rick Heyl, Larry Hoytt, Bill Merrill, Kevin O'Malley, Dennis Robitalille, Keith Peddie, Pat Porzio, Roger Robinson.

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Articles on Electric Heat

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ELECTRIC HEAT DEFECTS LIST at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

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