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Oil fired hot water heating boiler (C) Daniel Friedman Heating Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Defects List
Heating Boiler Inspection Education

  • DEFECTS LIST - HEAT BOILER OIL - CONTENTS: Oil-Fueled Hot Water Heating boiler system (hot water heat or hydronic heat) inspection points and defects list. Lists of important oil-fired hydronic (hot water) heating boiler defects for residential buildings. What does a home inspector need to know about oil fired boilers and oil fired boiler defects? Home inspection training and education curriculum recommendations for oil fired heating boilers
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Oil fired heating boiler defect list:

This article lists significant Oil-Fired Heating boiler (hot water or hydronic heat) defects, definitions, and home inspection education topics.

The building defects and inspection points listed in these articles also guide homeowners and home buyers to building areas that merit careful attention and often point areas of safety concern or important maintenance and repair tasks.



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Home Inspection Education Curriculum - Heating Boiler Defects

Photograph of  a modern oil-fired heating boiler 4.3 Hot Water Heating Boilers - Hydronic Heating System Defects List

4.3.1 Knowledge Base for Oil Fired Heating Boilers

1.    Describe the function of a hot water (hydronic) heating system.

2.    Describe open and closed heating systems.

3.    Describe four types of distribution piping (series loop, 1-pipe system, 2-pipe system - direct return, 2-pipe system - reverse return).

4.    List the materials and components of a typical hot water heating system including

5.    Describe the features of  adequate installation and repair technique for hot water heating systems.

6.    Outline the advantages and disadvantages of hot watering heating relative to forced air heating.

7.    Outline the differences between boilers and furnaces, including the normal operating cycles.

8.    Define the following terms with respect to hot water boilers:

9.    Outline the life expectancies of boilers made of various materials.

10.   Identify the codes or standards which apply to hot water heating systems in your area.


4.3.2 Inspection Skills for Oil Fired Heating Boilers

1.    Describe the inspection procedure for hot water heating systems.

2.    Identify the following common defects listed on the next page.

3.    Describe the implication of each defect.

4.    Identify safety issues for the inspector and occupant of the home (steam explosion, combustion product poisoning, electric shock, physical injury).

5.    Communicate findings to client verbally and in writing, recommending corrective action where needed.

4.3 Hot Water Heating Boilers, Typical Defects Lists

(Burners are not covered in this section since they have been covered earlier)


4.3.1 Knowledge Base for Gas Fired Boilers


1.    Describe the function of a hot water (hydronic) heating system.

2.    Describe open and closed heating systems.

3.    Describe four types of distribution piping (series loop, 1-pipe system, 2-pipe system - direct return, 2-pipe system - reverse return).

4.    List the materials and components of a typical hot water heating system including fuel storage and supply system, burner, combustion air supply, venting, cabinet/body, heat exchanger, controls, expansion tank, pump (circulators), pipe, radiator, convector, baseboard, radiant heating.

5.    Describe the features of  adequate installation and repair technique for hot water heating systems.

6.    Outline the advantages and disadvantages of hot watering heating relative to forced air heating.

7.    Outline the differences between boilers and furnaces, including the normal operating cycles.

8.    Define the following terms with respect to hot water boilers:

9.    Outline the life expectancies of boilers made of various materials.

10.   Identify the codes or standards which apply to hot water heating systems in your area.


4.3.2 Inspection Skills for Gas Fired Boilers


1.    Describe the inspection procedure for hot water heating systems.

2.    Identify the following common defects listed on the next page.

3.    Describe the implication of each defect.

4.    Identify safety issues for the inspector and occupant of the home (steam explosion, combustion product poisoning, electric shock, physical injury).

5.    Communicate findings to client verbally and in writing, recommending corrective action where needed.

HOT WATER BOILER TYPICAL DEFECTS

Gas Fired Boiler Heat Exchanger Defects

Room Thermostat Defects - Gas Fired Hot Water Heat

Boiler Cabinet Defects

Oil-Fired Boiler Air Vent Defects

Hot Water Heating Circulator Pump or Relay Defects - Gas Fired Heating Systems

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Expansion Tank Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Primary Control Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Isolation Valve Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Pump Control Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Pressure Relief Valve Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Zone Control Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Outdoor Air Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler High Limit Switch Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Flow Control Valve Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Low Water Cutoff Control Defects

[not required in all jurisdictions]

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Isolation Valve Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Backflow Preventer Valve Defects

Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Pressure Reducing Valve / Water Feed Valve Defects

Mid & High Efficiency Oil-Fired Heating Boiler Defects

Hot Water Heating Piping Defects on Gas Fired Heating Boiler Systems

Oil-Fired Heating Boilers & Radiant Heating Systems

Oil-Fired Hot Water Heating Radiators, Convectors, Baseboards: Defects

Tankless Coil on Oil-Fired Heating Boiler, Defects

Oil Burners, Oil Storage Tanks, Oil Piping: Typical Defects List

Heating Oil Storage Tank Defects

Oil-Fired Heater Combustion Chamber, Refractory / Fire Pot Defects

Oil Fired Heating Boiler Primary Control Defects List

Oil Tank Fill & Vent Piping Defects

Barometric Damper, Draft Regulator Defects List

Heating Oil Supply Piping & Valves: Defects List

Oil Fired Boiler Venting & Flue Vent Connector Defects List

Heating Oil Filter Defects List

Oil Fired Heating Boiler Combustion Air Defects List

Oil Fired Heating Boiler Oil Burner Defects List

Mid-Efficiency Oil Boiler (or Furnace) Defects List

Use the Search Box at the top or bottom of these pages to find in-depth information about building, energy savings, and indoor environment inspection, diagnosis and repair at this website.

Watch out: these inspection lists do not list all possible defects for the systems discussed, and not all home or building inspectors will examine all of the items listed here.

These curriculae and building defect lists are based on smilar curriculum documents first prepared by Joe Scaduto, an ASHI member who prepared course material for Northeastern University's Building Inspection Certificate program in 1988, subsequently by DF, InspectApedia's editor, for New York University ca 1988 and later, with others, recommended to ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors.

ASHI did not adopt this material though currently that association as well as others offer extensive HOME INSPECTOR EDUCATION material.

The curriculum and lists of defects are informed by additional analysis of the process of home inspection that was developed beginning Calgary, AB for Canadian and U.S. home inspector education and certification examinations in 1997. Other early contributors to home inspection education in the U.S. and Canada include Dr. Jess Aronstein, Alan Carson, Mike Casey, Mark Cramer, John Cox, Dwight Barnett, Douglas Hansen, Rick Heyl, Larry Hoytt, Bill Merrill, Kevin O'Malley, Dennis Robitalille, Keith Peddie, Pat Porzio, Roger Robinson.

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Continue reading at BOILERS, HEATING or see ARTICLE INDEX to HEATING BOILERS or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.

Or see OIL BURNER INSPECTION & REPAIR

Or see BUILDING DEFECTS LISTS - home

Suggested citation for this web page

DEFECTS LIST - HEAT BOILER OIL at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES: ARTICLE INDEX to BUILDING & HOME INSPECTION

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