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AIR HANDLER / BLOWER UNITS
AIRBOUND HEAT SYSTEM REPAIR by WATER FEED VALVE
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BACKUP HEAT for HEAT PUMPS
BLOWER FAN OPERATION & TESTING
BOOKSTORE - InspectAPedia
CIRCULATOR PUMPS & RELAYS
CONVECTOR HEATERS - HYDRONIC COILS
COOL OFF HEAT, Thermostat Switch
DEFINITION of HEATING & COOLING TERMS
DIAGNOSTIC GUIDES A/C / HEAT PUMP
DIAGNOSE & FIX HEATING PROBLEMS-BOILER
DIAGNOSE & FIX HEATING PROBLEMS-FURNACE
DUCT SYSTEM & DUCT DEFECTS
ELECTRIC HEAT, DIAGNOSIS, REPAIR
ELECTRIC MOTOR OVERLOAD RESET SWITCH
ELECTRICAL POWER SWITCH FOR HEAT
FAN, AIR HANDLER BLOWER UNIT
FAN AUTO ON Thermostat Switch
FAN, COMPRESSOR/CONDENSER UNIT
FAN CONVECTOR HEATERS - HYDRONIC COILS
FAN LIMIT SWITCH
FLOODED HEATING EQUIPMENT REPAIR
HEATING LOSS DIAGNOSIS-BOILERS
HEATING LOSS DIAGNOSIS-FURNACES
HEATING SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
LOW VOLTAGE BUILDING WIRING
LOW VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER TEST
MANUALS & PARTS GUIDES - HVAC
NO HEAT - BOILER
NO HEAT - FURNACE
ODORS FROM HEATING SYSTEMS
OIL FILTERS on HEATING EQUIPMENT
PULSE COMBUSTION HEATERS
Reset Switch - Heater Primary Control
Reset Switch Broken - Quick Repair
RESET SWITCH - ELECTRIC MOTOR
Reset Switch - Stack Relays
STEAM HEATING SYSTEMS
THERMOSTATS, HEATING / COOLING
THERMOSTATS, WATER HEATER
THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVES
ZONE VALVES, HEATING
Room thermostat calibration & accuracy guide: this article explains why a room thermostat may not be responding correctly to the actual room temperature. Factors that affect the room thermostat's behavior include is location in the building, for some models how level the thermostat was installed, the thermostat's heat anticipator adjustment, even dust and debris in or on the thermostat.
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Where to Locate & Mount a Room Thermostat & what spots to avoid
Locate the room thermostat at about chest height on an interior wall, in a location where the thermostat won't be affected by drafts or other unusual temperature conditions.
Good thermostat locations are
As Carson Dunlop Associates' sketch (left) explains, there are a number of places where you should not locate the room thermostat.
Bad Room Thermostat Locations
Don't locate the room thermostat in these locations:
Yes for Older Mercury Bulb Switches
That's because the coiled bimetallic spring has to move that mercury bulb to a tipped position to turn the heating or air conditioning system on or off in response to room temperature.
When we found a thermostat that did not heat a room accurately to the called-for temperature, we'd take a look to see if it was installed out of level before looking further.
Because the "set" range on these thermostats may have had a lower-end of 55 deg .F., when we wanted the thermostat to maintain a building at a temperature lower than the minimum that the thermostat dial provided, we just tilted the whole thermostat backing plate on the wall in the proper direction to shift the operating range of the switch.
No for Newer Solid State, or Digital Room Thermostats
Newer thermostats that rely on other sensor and switch designs do not have this sensitivity to being out of level and some (such as the 3M-22 thermostat) note in their installation instructions that the thermostat does not have to be level.
Our photo (above left) illustrates the red (R) and white (W) wire connections in a simple two wire heating control thermostat hookup using the Honeywell RTH2300/RTH221 series programmable wall thermostat.
Because some controls are used in common on hot water heat, hot air heat, and steam boilers, readers should see these other articles: see BOILER CONTROLS & SWITCHES
If your building uses warm air heat, see FURNACE CONTROLS & SWITCHES.
If your building uses steam heat see STEAM HEATING SYSTEMS.
This article is part of THERMOSTATS our article series Guide to Finding, Using, and Adjusting Thermostats for Heating & Air Conditioning Furnaces & Boilers, Heat Pumps or Electric Furnaces or Boilers. This article series answers most questions about central heating system troubleshooting, inspection, diagnosis, and repairs. We describe how to inspect, troubleshoot and repair heating and air conditioning systems to inform home owners, buyers, and home inspectors of common heating system defects.
Reader Question: the A/C blower is not working properly in response to the thermostat
A friend's a/c unit has the blower fan that will only work in auto, it will not work on manual. On the other hand, even when you turn the unit from cool to off, the blower still remains on. The only way the blower will turn off, is to turn the fan to manual. He changed the thermostat, and the unit will cool to the desired temp and kick off, but you can't turn the fan off on your own unless you turn it to manual. Anyone ran into this before? - John
Reply: check thermostat wiring connections against the schematic for your unit and see these standard wire color codes
The wiring to the unit depends on if you have a heat pump, or straight a/c unit. It also depends on how the installer has wired the thermostat. With the heat pump, the red is power, the yellow is for cooling, the white is for heat, the green is for the fan, the orange is for the reversing valve, and the blue is usually always common.
Again, you will have to check to see how the installer has ran the wires from the thermostat. If you have a a/c only unit outside, you will only have a red wire, and a white wire coming form the inside unit, to the outside unit. These will go on the contactor to send 24 volts to the coil to pull the contactor in. These are the traditional wiring schematics, again, check the thermostat to see if this is the case with yours. - Bryan
Also see THERMOSTAT WIRE CONNECTIONS where we provide lists and tables of color codes and wire connections for thermostats in various uses.
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