Oil Heating Equipment Install, Troubleshoot, Repair Online Guide
Frank D Graham Audels Oil Burner Guide
OIL HEAT TEXTBOOK - CONTENTS: Complete text of Frank D. Graham's classic Oil Burner Guide: how to install, service & repair oil fired heating equipment, controls, oil burners, and related parts & components [PDFs] Each PDF links back to OIL BURNER INSPECTION & REPAIR
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Complete text to Frank Graham's Audel's Oil Burner Guide - online copy.
The oil heat system installation, troubleshooting & repair index given below provides direct access to PDF files of each chapter in this classic and easy-to-understand textbook that illustrates & explains how oil fired heating equipment works, how it is installed, serviced & repaired.
Dating from 1946 with updates ranging from the 1950's to current, this text answers just about any question concerning older oil fired heating equipment and includes principles and diagnostic or repair procedures that work perfectly well on modern heating equipment as well.
The information in this and other older oil-heat installation & service books can be particularly helpful because older texts focus on how to diagnose and fix problems along with an understanding of their cause - a view that makes for more effective heating system troubleshooting and repair.
Watch out: in attempting to fix or install any heating equipment you must understand that there are real and potential fire and life-safety hazards involved.
While it was often possible to get older oil fired heating equipment to run with use of your eye (smoke and flame) and spit (stack temperature temperatures), to properly install and adjust modern heating equipment requires training and special equipment.
A trained and experienced heating service technician should not only be expected to have these prerequisites, she or he also has seen many problems in the field and can often home in on the trouble and repair it quickly.
Chapter 1: PETROLEUM: rock oil, crude oil, distillation, supply-boiling ranges, apparatus for distilling
Chapter 2: FUEL OILS range of oils, definitions, grades of fuel oils, heat values, Baume readings, removal of gasoline
Chapter 3: HEAT what is heat? temperature, thermometers, pyrometers, sensible heat, latent heat, radiation heat, conduction heat, convection heat, British thermal unit BTU, foot pounds, heat & work
Chapter 4: COMBUSTION What is combustion? combustible, principle elements in fuel oil, CO and CO2, air supply, oil burner smoke, the process of combustion, Orsat test, flame adjustment, air adjustment, refractory, flame placement
Chapter 5: STEAM What is steam? so called steam, kinds of steam, condensation, air in water, the boiling point, how a boiler makes steam, steam or water vaporization, steam circulation
Chapter 6: HOUSE HEATING BOILERS cast iron boilers, the heating surface, short circuiting, vertical cast iron boiler construction, cast iron boiler tests, why tenants get no hot water
Chapter 7: CONVERSION COAL TO OIL Large flue passages not suitable, preliminary considerations, requirement for combustion chambers, kinds of bricks to be used, opening for draught pipe (draft pipe), draft pipe distance from floor, oil burner calculations, proportions of combustion chambers, baffling, unsatisfactory for conversion, why up and out boilers should not be used
Chapter 8: DRAUGHT (Draft), what is draft, two kinds, object of chimneys, draft gauge, draft control, various causes of poor draft, poor draught, drafts with 40 ft. chimneys (table), chimney size table
Chapter 9: HOW TO CHEAT THE CHIMNEY Oil burning plant losses, tests for leaks, causes of excess flue gas temperature, what a CO2 test shows, oil burner efficiency curves, testing with the Fyrite analyzer
Chapter 10: FUEL OIL TANKS & PIPING placement of oil tanks, how an anti-sipho9n valve works, reducing oil tank hum, oil tank piping, oil tank pipe & tube specifications, the term oil burner, foot valve
Chapter 17: ROTARY OIL BURNER CONSTRUCTION nozzle type & rotary type construction, oil gas burners, angular vane nozzle, dual pump & reservoir, dual oil feed, Voluvalve fuel regulation, electric to gas ignition, burning heavy oils, volumeter
Chapter 18: OIL BURNER AUTOMATIC CONTROLS definition, basic principles, numb er of circuits required, the primary control, oil burner control cycle, oil burner flame failure, limit controls, radiant flame controls, inverted oil burner control, oil burner wiring diagram, intermittent ignition, boiler control devices, hot water switch
Chapter 23: OIL HEAT INSPECTION & PREPARATION (SET-UP) what should be noted, round cast iron boilers, flue size requirements table, venting, common causes of faulty draft, oil burner size required, pick up, radiation tables, radiators, preparation of the oil burner, cleaning the oil fired boiler, cleaning the stack
Chapter 25: HOW TO VENT A CONVERSION JOB air mechanically mixed with water, venting with continuous & intermittent heating, non adjustable and adjustable air valves, triple venting, throttling, quick vents, changing to vacuums system, air vents in hot water heat
Chapter 29: OIL HEAT ELECTRICAL WIRING HOOKUPS oil heat wiring diagrams for practically all systems of automatic controls & their wiring applied to oil burner installations for each type of heating system; constant ignition & intermittent ignition
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