Photograph of  a modern oil-fired heating boiler Oil Heating Equipment Install, Troubleshoot, Repair Online Guide
Frank D Graham Audels Oil Burner Guide

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Complete text to Frank Graham's Audel's Oil Burner Guide - online copy.

The oil heat system installation, troubleshooting & repair index given below provides direct access to PDF files of each chapter in this classic and easy-to-understand textbook that illustrates & explains how oil fired heating equipment works, how it is installed, serviced & repaired.

Dating from 1946 with updates ranging from the 1950's to current, this text answers just about any question concerning older oil fired heating equipment and includes principles and diagnostic or repair procedures that work perfectly well on modern heating equipment as well.

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Oil Fired Heating Equipment Installation, Inspection, Service & Repair Guide: Frank D. Graham's "Oil Burner Guide" Full Text

Photograph of  a modern oil-fired heating boilerOnline Chapters in PDF format (click in any of these PDF pages to return to OIL BURNER INSPECTION & REPAIR)

The information in this and other older oil-heat installation & service books can be particularly helpful because older texts focus on how to diagnose and fix problems along with an understanding of their cause - a view that makes for more effective heating system troubleshooting and repair.

Watch out: in attempting to fix or install any heating equipment you must understand that there are real and potential fire and life-safety hazards involved.

While it was often possible to get older oil fired heating equipment to run with use of your eye (smoke and flame) and spit (stack temperature temperatures), to properly install and adjust modern heating equipment requires training and special equipment.

A trained and experienced heating service technician should not only be expected to have these prerequisites, she or he also has seen many problems in the field and can often home in on the trouble and repair it quickly.

  • Audel Oil Burner Guide Flyleaf: cover illustrations, combined fuel control valves
  • Introduction: copyright dates, author's letter to readers
  • Chapter 1: PETROLEUM: rock oil, crude oil, distillation, supply-boiling ranges, apparatus for distilling
  • Chapter 2: FUEL OILS range of oils, definitions, grades of fuel oils, heat values, Baume readings, removal of gasoline
  • Chapter 3: HEAT what is heat? temperature, thermometers, pyrometers, sensible heat, latent heat, radiation heat, conduction heat, convection heat, British thermal unit BTU, foot pounds, heat & work
  • Chapter 4: COMBUSTION What is combustion? combustible, principle elements in fuel oil, CO and CO2, air supply, oil burner smoke, the process of combustion, Orsat test, flame adjustment, air adjustment, refractory, flame placement
  • Chapter 5: STEAM What is steam? so called steam, kinds of steam, condensation, air in water, the boiling point, how a boiler makes steam, steam or water vaporization, steam circulation
  • Chapter 6: HOUSE HEATING BOILERS cast iron boilers, the heating surface, short circuiting, vertical cast iron boiler construction, cast iron boiler tests, why tenants get no hot water
  • Chapter 7: CONVERSION COAL TO OIL Large flue passages not suitable, preliminary considerations, requirement for combustion chambers, kinds of bricks to be used, opening for draught pipe (draft pipe), draft pipe distance from floor, oil burner calculations, proportions of combustion chambers, baffling, unsatisfactory for conversion, why up and out boilers should not be used
  • Chapter 8: DRAUGHT (Draft), what is draft, two kinds, object of chimneys, draft gauge, draft control, various causes of poor draft, poor draught, drafts with 40 ft. chimneys (table), chimney size table
  • Chapter 9: HOW TO CHEAT THE CHIMNEY Oil burning plant losses, tests for leaks, causes of excess flue gas temperature, what a CO2 test shows, oil burner efficiency curves, testing with the Fyrite analyzer
  • Chapter 10: FUEL OIL TANKS & PIPING placement of oil tanks, how an anti-sipho9n valve works, reducing oil tank hum, oil tank piping, oil tank pipe & tube specifications, the term oil burner, foot valve
  • Chapter 11: CLASSIFICATION OF OIL BURNERS oil burner types, oil burner heads, the term oil burners and the term atomize oil
  • Chapter 12: LOW PRESSURE DOMESTIC BURNERS the nozzle, two stage fuel principle, low pressure fuel units, oil burner fuel units, oil burner pumps
  • Chapter 13: VAPORIZERS definition, types, the term vaporize, pot burners, blue flame burners, G.I. pocket stove, range burners
  • Chapter 14: HIGH PRESSURE DOMESTIC BURNERS sprayers, oil burner elements, how the oil burner works, oil burner valves, Johnson Vis Flo Trol, electric gas ignition, triple velocity air delivery
  • Chapter 15: HIGH PRESSURE BURNER CONSTRUCTION electrical parts of an oil burner, oil burner electrodes, oil burner pump, oil burner draft tube assembly, oil burner fuel unit, adjustable air shutters, vertical firing oil burner head, dual ignition, electronic controls on oil burners
  • Chapter 16: ROTARY OIL BURNERS definition, how rotary oil burners work, revolving disc, centrifugal force
  • Chapter 17: ROTARY OIL BURNER CONSTRUCTION nozzle type & rotary type construction, oil gas burners, angular vane nozzle, dual pump & reservoir, dual oil feed, Voluvalve fuel regulation, electric to gas ignition, burning heavy oils, volumeter
  • Chapter 18: OIL BURNER AUTOMATIC CONTROLS definition, basic principles, numb er of circuits required, the primary control, oil burner control cycle, oil burner flame failure, limit controls, radiant flame controls, inverted oil burner control, oil burner wiring diagram, intermittent ignition, boiler control devices, hot water switch
  • Chapter 19: BURNER RADIANT HEAT CONTROL electric eye radiant heat, bi-metal coil bulb, safety mechanism, electronic circuits
  • Chapter 20: THE DIFFERENTIAL definition, diagram of the differential mechanism, how to adjust the differential, longer burner on cycles, heat anticipator
  • Chapter 21: BOILER SAFETY AUTOMATIC LIMIT CONTROLS definitions, location, classes of limit controls, steam gauges, various limit controls, snap mechanism
  • Chapter 22: AUTOMATIC CONTROL DEVICES; CONSTRUCTION devices used, construction & operation, electrical wiring hook-up, oil burner control wiring diagram
  • Chapter 23: OIL HEAT INSPECTION & PREPARATION (SET-UP) what should be noted, round cast iron boilers, flue size requirements table, venting, common causes of faulty draft, oil burner size required, pick up, radiation tables, radiators, preparation of the oil burner, cleaning the oil fired boiler, cleaning the stack
  • Chapter 24: OIL HEAT INSTALLATION & INSPECTION preliminary duties, tools, cleaning, draft tanks & piping, combustion chamber, round boiler defects, oil burner nozzle size selection, oil burner installation card, oil burner settings, oil burner wiring, oil burner adjusting, oil burner pump assembly, oil burner final adjustments, oil burner follow-up service, suspended hot air furnaces
  • Chapter 25: HOW TO VENT A CONVERSION JOB air mechanically mixed with water, venting with continuous & intermittent heating, non adjustable and adjustable air valves, triple venting, throttling, quick vents, changing to vacuums system, air vents in hot water heat
  • Chapter 26: OIL HEAT OPERATION, STARTING, RE-STARTING before starting, precautions, preliminary duties, oil burner starting, oil burner adjustments, oil burner operation, oil heat service suggestions, what to do when the oil tank runs dry
  • Chapter 27: OIL HEAT SERVICE PROCEDURES oil heat trouble analysis chart, causes & remedies for oil heat problems
  • Chapter 28: AUTOMATIC CONTROL SERVICE & REPAIR troubleshooting guide to oil heat controls, causes of every complaint or problem, hard to locate the "real trouble"
  • Chapter 29: OIL HEAT ELECTRICAL WIRING HOOKUPS oil heat wiring diagrams for practically all systems of automatic controls & their wiring applied to oil burner installations for each type of heating system; constant ignition & intermittent ignition
  • Chapter 30: OIL HEAT TROUBLESHOOTING procedures, precautions, motor starts, no fire, motor does not start, oil burner cleaning & adjusting
  • Chapter 31: INDUSTRIAL OIL BURNERS classification, fuel oils suitable, the spraying agent, low pressure air spraying oil burners, forced draft oil burners, medium & high pressure spraying oil burners, steam spraying oil burners, operating instructions, mechanical spraying oil burners, pre-heating oil
  • Chapter 32: List of Audel Guides

Key, in-depth oil fired heating equipment DIY articles are listed just below.


Continue reading at OIL BURNER INSPECTION & REPAIR or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below.

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OIL HEAT TEXTBOOK at - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

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