Guide to Temperature Settings on Combination Fan & Limit Switches for Furnaces
- Honeywell L4064B
FAN LIMIT CONTROL SETTINGS - CONTENTS: How to adust or set the fan temperatures and limit temperature on a combination fan and limit control. A Guide to Fan Limit Switches on Warm Air Furnace Heating Systems: what is the fan limit switch, how to inspect and set its controls. Honeywell Combination Furnace Control type L4064 explained in detail
POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about the settings on the furnace blower fan limit switch and about the manual "fan on" or blower fan override switch.
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Furnace blower fan limit switch temperature settings:
This article describes in detail the setting of furnace combination controls, also commonly called the "fan limit switch" on warm air heating systems. The photo at the top of this page, courtesy of Honeywell Tradeline Controls, labels all of the controls and wiring terminals in a Honeywell combination fan and limit control type L4064B.
This article series answers most questions about central heating system troubleshooting, inspection, diagnosis, and repairs. We describe how to inspect, troubleshoot and repair heating and air conditioning systems to inform home owners, buyers, and home inspectors of common heating system defects.
How to Choose the Proper Settings for a Warm Air Furnace Combination Fan & Limit Control Switch
Here are the functions and and normal settings for the warm air heating furnace control switch such as the Honeywell Tradeline L4046 and 4046B combination fan and limit control:
As we explained above, the furnace fan limit control turns the furnace blower on and off at the proper times. Below we detail the functions and normal settings for five controls found inside this device.
Warning: when adjusting the set points on the combination furnace control be sure to hold the round faceplate dial steady with one hand while moving the sliding fingers or pointers in its face. Otherwise you may bend, strain, or damage the temperature sensing element (the bimetallic spring and related parts). Bending the element could make the control fail to sense temperature accurately and thus could be dangerous.
Also do not "turn" the silver dial by hand to try to make the control turn on or off. This too can damage the control, making it unsafe.
The furnace combination fan and limit control FAN OFF setting (blue arrow in our photo at left) lets the furnace blower continue to run for an interval after the furnace burner has turned off, but will shut the blower off after the heat exchanger has been cooled down and the heat it contained has been sent to the occupied space.
The FAN OFF setting is the left-most metal finger protruding through the round silver plate of the fan limit control. Move the FAN OFF setting lever to the temperature at which the fan is to stop in order to prevent sending cool air into the occupied space.
From the factory the FAN OFF finger is usually set to about 90 °F.
At the end of a furnace-on heating cycle, after the gas or oil burner shuts down, the furnace blower will continue to operate for a time.
This continued fan operation achieves the following:
The remaining heat from the hot furnace heat exchanger is salvaged and sent into the occupied space
The furnace heat exchanger is cooled down more uniformly by the air flow over its surfaces in order to help reduce the chances of heat exchanger cracking
The temperatures in the occupied space remain more even
2. Furnace FAN ON Setting
When an adequate warm temperature has been reached inside of the furnace warm air plenum chamber the FAN ON switch turns (green arrow in our photo at above left) on the furnace blower to deliver warm air to the occupied space. The FAN ON setting on this control makes sure that the blower fan does not turn on too soon (even though the building thermostat has asked for heat) so that the furnace will not blow cool air into the occupied space. This setting also prevents the blower fan from cycling on and off too frequently during a heating cycle.
The FAN ON setting is the metal finger second from left-most, protruding through the round silver plate of the fan limit control. This finger is set to a temperature range from a minimum of 20 °F above the FAN OFF set point, to a maximum o f 30 °F below the LIMIT OFF set point.
From the factory the FAN ON is usually set to about 130 °F.
3. Furnace LIMIT OFF Setting
The LIMIT OFF indicator setting (red arrow in our fan limit switch photo at above left) is a safety control that will turn off the oil or gas burner if temperatures inside the warm air plenum exceed a safe level. This is the highest temperature setting on a furnace combination control. It is set to the furnace warm air temperature at which this safety switch is to turn off the oil or gas (or other) burner or heat source. On the Honeywell L4064B the LIMIT OFF is set to a temperature between 100 °F and 250 °F.
If the temperature inside the supply plenum reaches the "high" limit set at the LIMIT OFF finger, the switch will
turn off the oil or gas burner. This condition may not ever happen under normal conditions with most hot air furnace systems - on those systems the burner continues to run all of the time the thermostat
is asking for heat. The LIMIT OFF or "HIGH" or "MAX" on the furnace fan limit switch is a safety device.
In the unusual event that temperatures inside the supply plenum become too high, when temperatures reach the LIMIT OFF setting the fan limit
switch will turn off the burner to prevent damage to the furnace heat exchanger (from warping or cracking from excessive temperatures)
From the factory this setting out of the box is 200 °F.
4. Furnace LIMIT STOP Setting
The LIMIT STOP control is an extra safety device to make it difficult for an amateur to set the LIMIT OFF to an unsafe or too-high temperature. This control setting could be changed by inserting a pen tip or similar object into the round hole visible in the LIMIT STOP plate near the right end of the temperature dial and slog on the silver plate of the fan limit control.
The LIMIT STOP is set at the factory to 200 °F. You should not change this setting as to do so maybe dangerous.
5. Furnace FAN ON Manual or "override" Switch
Fan override switch, also called a "manual fan switch" or "fan on switch" if present, is usually a white button that can be set to cause the furnace blower fan to run continuously or to run automatically driven by the temperatures sensed by the combination fan and limit control switch.
The fan override switch is indicated by the white arrow in our photograph.
FAN ON SWITCH Settings:
Manual-On furnace fan: Push the white fan override button "IN" to set the fan to its MANUAL position to force the furnace blower to run continuously. This setting can be used to move (and presumably to filter) building air through the heating duct system at any time of year.
Some experts opine that running the fan continuously will make heat in the building more uniform and more comfortable. (This will not be true in every building and for every heating system and in some cases can cause blowing of uncomfortably cool air into some rooms during the heating season.)
Automatic furnace fan: Pull the white fan button "OUT" to the AUTO to cause the fan to cycle on and off automatically in response to temperatures sensed by and set on the fan limit control dial.
After completing these control settings be sure you test the combination fan and limit switch for safe and proper operation. See FAN LIMIT SWITCH TROUBLESHOOTING for details.
At FAN LIMIT SWITCH TROUBLESHOOTING we discuss troubleshooting furnace blower fan operating problems such as a blower that runs continuously or one that turns on and off to frequently.
Reader Question: which way do we push or pull the fan switch to go between AUTOMATIC and MANUAL-ON
"(Pull out the button to force the fan to "always on". Push the white button back in to return the fan to automatic operation" - It seems opposite on the diagram you have.. have a look. It says "pull automatic". I'm pretty sure mine is the same unit. I'm having trouble with blower motor always staying on after heater runs... any ideas? Thanks! Rob - 10/17/12
Rob, thanks for the suggesitons; I have revised, corrected and also clarified the article above, adding photos, and tuning up the text. We welcome critique, corrections, or suggestions from our readers.
PUSH the white button IN to force the fan to ON or MANUAL or always-running mode.
PULL the white button OUT to put the fan back into AUTO mode - turning on and off under control of the switch and furnace temperature
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Honeywell Corporation, Minneapolis, MN 55408. Honeywell has sales offices in all principal cities in the world and has manufacturing facilities in Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Spain, Taiwan, United Kingdom, U.S.A. Honeywell Form Number 60-0450 7-75, residential division. Honeywell's latest product data for this type of control can be found in English at http://customer.honeywell.com/Techlit/Pdf/69-0000s/69-0117.pdf
Domestic and Commercial Oil Burners, Charles H. Burkhardt, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York 3rd Ed 1969.
National Fuel Gas Code (Z223.1) $16.00 and National Fuel Gas Code Handbook (Z223.2) $47.00 American Gas Association (A.G.A.), 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209 also available from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. Fundamentals of Gas Appliance Venting and Ventilation, 1985, American Gas Association Laboratories, Engineering Services Department. American Gas Association, 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209. Catalog #XHO585. Reprinted 1989.
"Warm Air Heating Systems". Instructional Technologies Institute, Inc., 145 "D" Grassy Plain St., Bethel, CT 06801 800/227-1663 [home inspection training material] 1987
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Volume I, Heating Fundamentals,
The ABC's of Retention Head Oil Burners, National Association of Oil Heat Service Managers, TM 115, National Old Timers' Association of the Energy Industry, PO Box 168, Mineola, NY 11501. (Excellent tips on spotting problems on oil-fired heating equipment. Booklet.)
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Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto, have provided us with (and we recommend) Carson Dunlop Weldon & Associates' Technical Reference Guide to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.