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Asbestos braided rope and packing (C) D Friedman (Rosato)Master List of Asbestos Forms & Asbestos-containing Products & Companies
Most-complete list of asbestos containing products

  • ASBESTOS LIST of PRODUCTS - CONTENTS: a detailed list of the forms & products in which asbestos was used& links to detailed articles about individual asbestos-containing products assists in recognizing asbestos-containing materials in buildings
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Asbestos products & applications:

Common forms in which asbestos was used in building materials & products. This article provides a master list of the forms in which asbestos was used, a list of known asbestos-containing materials, and links to detailed articles about individual asbestos-containing products & materials found in buildings and in a wide range of products used in both home and industry.

This document assists building buyers, owners or inspectors who need to identify asbestos materials (or probable-asbestos) in buildings by simple visual inspection. We provide photographs of asbestos containing materials and descriptive text of asbestos insulation and other asbestos-containing products to permit identification of definite, probable, or possible asbestos materials in buildings.



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Master List of Asbestos-Containing Products & Materials: of Forms, Products, & Substances Containing Asbestos

Cement asbestos roof shingles (C) Daniel Friedman

Here we provide a master list of manufactured products that contain asbestos.

Common asbestos-containing building materials are illustrated separately
at ASBESTOS PHOTO GUIDE to Materials our extensive photo library.

Note that asbestos may be present in still other substances and even products, not by its deliberate use or design, but because it occurs naturally, such as asbestos that is found in some talc powders (amphibole asbestos).

Note that while this is the most extensive list of asbestos-containing products & materials it is of course incomplete, as asbestos was used in thousands of products and materials and is still used in many. Contact Us to add items and photographs to this list of asbestos containing materials.

Asbestos in many forms was discontinued in all home construction uses beginning in 1990, but beware: pre-1990 products might have been used in some homes built shortly afterwards.

Low asbestos risk in some materials: One should note that some of these products contain such small amounts of asbestos, or asbestos in forms not easily converted to airborne fibers (non-friable), that the risk from the product is likely to be very small. One might elect to dispose of an old asbestos-containing toaster, but not to hire an environmental test firm or asbestos abatement company for that procedure.

Many other asbestos-containing products, both historic and among some current products, encapsulate the asbestos fibers in cementious or resinous materials which minimize the possible release of asbestos fibers into the air.

Note: most of the uses of asbestos listed here are obsolete and the products mentioned have not been manufactured for quite some time. However these products may still be encountered, particularly in older buildings and among old consumer products.

Asbestos long fibers (C) Daniel Friedman - Rosato

However some current materials may contain and are permitted to contain asbestos. In May 1999 Asbestos Materials Bans Clarification was issued by the U.S. EPA clarified that there are some categories of asbestos-containing products that are NOT subject to a ban.

For example, the Asbestos National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, or NESHAP) rules issued in November, 1990 prohibits spray-on application of materials containing more than 1% asbestos to buildings, structures, pipes, and conduits unless the material is encapsulated with a bituminous or resinous binder during spraying and the materials are not friable after drying. [Italics inserted by -DF].

Thanks to Susan Kimball, Argus Pacific, for this clarification. See ASBESTOS REGULATION Update for details.

Forms & Products in Which Asbestos Was Used - alphabetical list

Asbestos floor tiles (C) Daniel Friedman

Asbestos was used in both its long fiber form (photo at left, Rosato, courtesy J. Mansville), woven into cloths, for example, and in a powder form (as a filler in floor tiles).

These classes of asbestos fibers vary widely in size and also, depending upon the matrix of bonding or adhesive material and the mix of asbestos with other materials, the friability and release of asbestos particles from various materials varies very widely from probably below detection, to very great.

It is also useful to understand that the form in which asbestos was used ranged among a number of forms.

The list below (adapted and expanded from the nearly-complete asbestos product list found in Rosato) lists forms of asbestos-containing products.

Tremoite asbestos ceilint giles as fireproofing (C) Daniel Friedman

Our photo (left) illustrates the use of near-pure tremolite asbestos tiles as fireproofing in the basement utility room of a building we inspected in White Plains, NY around 2005.

The tremolite asbestos ceiling fireproofing panels shown above were 3/4" thick. We describe this product in detail
at ASBESTOS FIREPROOFING

A thinner cementious material, typically less than1/4' thick, asbestos cement millboard was used as a covering for ceilings over boilers, furnaces, water heaters, smoke stacks, etc. for fire protection - discussed
at ASBESTOS FIREPROOFING

Cement asbestos roof shingles (C) Daniel Friedman

Asbestos duct vibratin damper (C) Daniel Friedman

Asbestos fire suit (C) Daniel Friedman Mine Safety Appliances Rosato

Asbestos floor tiles (C) Daniel Friedman

Regarding liability, considering the hazards of war, the question you raise is perhaps addressed by U.S. V.A. publications. See for example the law case cited below. However a careful read of the material makes clear that in the case I cite, the veteran had significant health risks associated with other work, habits, and materials, including smoking and including working with asbestos-containing brake linings - a job in my opinon much more likely to have exposed the vet to respirable asbestos-containing dust particles. Anyone who worked on cars in the 1960's including brake jobs probably saw people using high pressure compressed air to blow off dust when working on those components.

www.va.gov/vetapp03/files/0312322.txt - Excerpt: Citation Nr: 0312322
Decision Date: 06/09/03 Archive Date: 06/16/03

DOCKET NO. 00-02 964

On appeal from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Regional Office (RO) in Winston-Salem, North Carolina

THE ISSUE
Entitlement to service connection for the cause of the veteran's death, claimed as due to asbestos exposure.

CONCLUSION OF LAW

The lung cancer which caused the veteran's death was incurred in service, and the criteria for service connection for the cause of his death are met. 38 U.S.C.A. §§ 1110, 1310 (West
2002); 38 C.F.R. §§ 3.303, 3.312 (2002). ... According to a January 1998 consultation note from L. S. Lamb, M.D., the veteran was a retired carpenter who had worked in construction and had been exposed to asbestos. The doctor also commented that the veteran gave a history that he was exposed to asbestos during service, where he had been a machine gunner and had worn asbestos mittens. The veteran also had a history of tobacco use (11/2 to 2 packs daily for 55 years). In January 1998 correspondence, the veteran said that his active service had included duties in the motor pool and as a cannoneer/gunner. He stated that during service he had installed asbestos brake linings and had used asbestos mittens for changing gun barrels. He related that after service he was treated for bronchitis in 1962 and later, and in the 1990s he was treated for bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer....
After review of all the evidence, and with application of the benefit-of-the-doubt rule (38 U.S.C.A. § 5107(b), the Board finds that during service the veteran had some asbestos exposure, and although he also had asbestos exposure in civilian jobs, the service asbestos exposure was a significant causal factor in the development of his lung cancer many years after service. It follows that lung cancer was incurred in service and is deemed service-connected. As the veteran died as the result of the service-incurred lung cancer, the criteria for service connection for the cause of his death are met.


Photograph of  asbestos paper wrap on heating/cooling duct exterior

RC Murray Ships Lantern from Glasgow (C) InspectApedia MR RC Murray Ships Lantern from Glasgow (C) InspectApedia MR

Question: Could old ships lanterns contain a fibrous asbestos product?

2016/07/22 Could old ships lanterns contain a fibrous asbestos product?

I was given a Murray anchor ships lantern (looks like galvanised with brass hinges) which I have been sanding and in the outer annular space at the top, I've pulled out a rusty brown coloured fibrous material.

I don't know the date of manufacture of the lamp, might be early 20th century. do you know whether asbestos was used in these lamps? - Anonymous by email request.

Reply: asbestos in R.C. Murray Ships Anchor lanterns and masthead lanterns ?

Certainly asbestos in form of paste, sealant, paper insulation and rope type gaskets appeared in many old products where fire, air leaks, or heat were concerns.

RC Murray Ships Anchor lanterns were produced in the 1850's and later, in Glasgow, Scotland. I looked at some photos of R.C. Murray Ships Anchor lanterns and masthead lanterns made of copper as well as galvanized steel and didn't see any obvious gasket or heat insulating materials, though the photos won't of course show every component.

If on your RC Murray lantern you see suspect material, you might use the page bottom CONTACT link to send me some sharp photos of the lantern and the parts and components of concern. Photos are not a substitute for a test by a certified asbestos test lab, but together we might recognize other materials.

At www.bl.uk/britishlibrary/~/media/subjects%20images/business/british_patents.pdf you can find information about how to access Scottish patents.

There are patent numbers on some of the RC Murray lanterns; armed with the patent number if you can find the actual patent you can read about the construction and materials used in the lantern as it was originally designed. However you'd have to probably ask for help as the Scottish patents from the 1850's do not appear to be online.

I can't see an obvious asbestos gasket or similar product in your photos [sent later by private email] but I'm not expert on these Lanterns. Asbestos was very widely used in thousands of products where fire resistance was important.

I suspect from the size of the lantern that unless you uses a power tool and inhaled sanding dust, it's not likely that you could have created a substantial concern IF asbestos insulation was in the lamp.

This article is an expanded, illustrated list of the applications of asbestos in a wide range of products and is an adaptation from Table 1.7. Asbestos Applications a list provided by Rosato (1959)[1] and discussed
at ASBESTOS PRODUCTS 1959

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Continue reading at ASBESTOS PRODUCT FAQs or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.

Or see ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN BUILDINGS

Or see ASBESTOS PRODUCTS 1959 - returns to the chapter in ASBESTOS ORIGIN & NATURE where Rosato's Table 1.7 originally appeared.

Table 1.7. Asbestos Applications - this is a separate PDF file that provides the original Asbestos PPlications Table 1.7 from Rosato (1959) [1] from which the web article above was adapted.

"16 CFR Chapter 11, Consumer Products Containin Asbestos, Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking", [PDF] U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, CPSC, U.S. Federal Register, Vol. 44. No 201, 17 October 1979, Proposed Rules, 60057. This document cites a long list of consumer products that contained asbestos.

Or see ASBESTOS PRODUCING COMPANIES for a most-complete list of companies that produced products containing asbestos

Or see ASBESTOS PHOTO GUIDE to MATERIALS

Or see DUST SAMPLING PROCEDURE

Or see EPA Sample List of Asbestos Containing Materials [PDF] at InspectApedia.com

Or see TEST CUTS for SAMPLING BUILDING MATERIALS

Suggested citation for this web page

ASBESTOS LIST of PRODUCTS at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES: ARTICLE INDEX to ASBESTOS HAZARDS

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