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Building access ramp specifications & codes: this document provides building code specifications, sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting indoor or outdoor building access ramps and related conditions for slip and fall hazards, general safety and proper construction.
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This page collects and links to a series of detailed articles on building access ramp construction, safety, codes & specifications. This article series on access ramp design & construction explains and illustrates the requirements for safe, useable interior and exterior access ramps in buildings. Readers should note that the design specifications for permitted slope and other specifications for ramps that are not used for building entry or exit, such as curb cuts, are different from those used at building entrances.
Our page top photo shows a new entry ramp added to a building. The step at the ramp entry reduced the ramp slope to less than 1:12 but it created an obstruction for wheelchair users.
At left our photo illustrates a large access ramp crossing a busy highway in Guadalajara, Mexico.
For example a steeper slope may be permitted on non-access ramps. For complete details about building access ramp construction: slope, width, railings, non-slip surfaces, steps, landings at ramps, etc. See the standards, code, and ADA references at the end of this document.
Green link shows where you are in this article series.
Also see KITCHEN DESIGN, ACCESSIBLE and BATHROOM DESIGN, ACCESSIBLE. For a complete list of articles on stairs, railings, and ramps, their inspection, trip hazards, and good design, see STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS - INSPECTIONS, CODES. Also see Building Safety Hazards Guide. Here we include references to key documents on building codes and stair and railing safety.
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