Paint over skim coat (C) Daniel Friedman Painting Shortcuts or Painting Over Moisture Lead to Paint Failure on buildings
     

  • PAINTING SHORTCUT ERRORS - CONTENTS: Bad painting shortcuts or painting over moisture both lead to early paint failures on buildings.What are the most common painting mistakes that we should avoid when painting a building?How to diagnose the cause of failing paint on a building exterior or interior. Paint failure diagnosis checklists for the building exterior & interior
  • POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about shortcuts that lead to trouble in building exterior or interior paint jobs
  • REFERENCES

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This article explains two common causes of painting failure: taking shortcuts in the paint job and painting over moisture. We include photos and explanation of clues that can indicate that the paint job failed due to certain "short cuts" or due to painting over surfaces that were not sufficiently clean and dry.

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PAINTING SHORTCUT ERRORS - Painting Shortcut Errors

Parker Av Pok paint by D Friedman A Cady (C) D Friedman

  • Failure to properly prepare the surface for painting is the most often cited cause of poor results or short life of the paint job.

    [Click to enlarge any image]

    This includes failure to clean off loose dirt and debris, failure to remove loose or failing existing paint, and other similar mistakes detailed at PAINTING MISTAKE - BAD SURFACE PREP.
  • Our page top photo shows a thick skim coat of crack filler that a painter used to try to smooth the to-be-painted surface as a shortcut instead of removing loose and alligatored paint. The result was a rapid failure of the paint job and an ugly lawsuit.
  • Spraying paint onto an existing painted surface without also brushing or rolling out the paint to work it into the surface. This often leaves paint on either side of but not inside of fine cracks and defects in the painted surface, resulting in a shorter life of the new coating.

    Our photo (above-left ) shows a Poughkeepsie, NY house painted by the author and Art Cady ca 1986. The wood shingles presented a challenge both in surface preparation (uneven, soft surface) and in paint application.

    We found that working as a team, one man spraying and the second rolling and brushing out the paint allowed us to get the paint onto the surface quickly but still apply it securely to the building. Spraying alone is fast and can work on some new building surfaces (smooth one-coat stucco, for example) if the surface has been properly prepped.
  • Failing to mix the paint adequately. Poor mixing can result in an uneven distribution of paint vehicle and paint binder or uneven color distribution in the paint. Inadequate binder in sections of paint lead to early paint adhesion failures.
  • Not putting paint on extra surfaces of wood to be painted on its exposed surface:
    • Omitting priming the back and ends and cut ends of clapboard siding
    • Omitting priming the back and ends of floor trim to be installed in a basement subject to moisture or damp floors
  • Skipping application of primer on new or incompatible surfaces
  • Over-thinning the paint to be applied (diluted binder)
  • Using a special purpose or shortcut super-fast drying primer or other primer not recommended by the manufacturer of the finish coating as the entire surface body primer

PAINT OVER MOISTURE - Painting Over Improper Surface Moisture or Painting Under Other Improper Weather Conditions

  • Painting over wet or damp surfaces such as from rain, morning dew, or interior leaks. When painting new stucco, sufficient time is necessary to allow moisture to evaporate from the surface. See PAINT on STUCCO, FAILURES.
  • Painting with a water-based paint (acrylic paint or latex paint) or any water borne paint when rain is expected soon. Typically the manufacturer requires at least four hours of drying time before expected rain. If rain arrives and wets the surface before the paint has been sufficiently dried, the paint coating is likely to be damaged, resulting in a reduced life and possibly pigment loss or adhesion failures.
  • Inadequate checks for surface moisture: Painting all surfaces after measuring for "ok" moisture or temperature on one area of a building, while ignoring variations in temperature, moisture, or condition of other surfaces
  • Painting directly on un-primed weathered, raw wood
  • Painting over cold surfaces or in cold weather (under 50 degF)
  • Painting over hot surfaces or in hot weather (over 90degF for sure) - see PAINTING IN SUN and PAINTING IN WIND below.
  • Applying paint too thickly to the surface (runs, wrinkles). Most paint manufacturers specify the wet thickness with which paint should be applied. A wet paint thickness gauge can be used to double check the application during painting.

Painting on High pH Surfaces such as New Stucco

Painting too soon over new stucco exteriors or on a building where stucco was not properly mixed, applied, or cured can lead to early paint failure and efflorescence. See PAINT on STUCCO, FAILURES for details.

This article series reviews common building exterior & interior painting mistakes, describes how to diagnose paint failures on buildings, and outlines a procedure for diagnostic field inspection & lab testing of failed painted surfaces. We include photographs of paint failures on buildings and more photos of forensic paint laboratory examination of samples of failed paint useful to assist in diagnosing the probable cause of each type of paint failure.

Our page top photo shows another painter's shortcut: skim-coating with crack filler was applied over the entire building as a substitute for removing old and loose paint. The new paint job cracked and failed in just a few months.

Readers should also see PAINT FAILURE CASE PHOTOS, SITE

and then PAINT FAILURE CASE PHOTOS, LAB, and

see PAINT & STAIN GUIDE, EXTERIOR for a guide to the selection and proper application of paints and stains on exterior wood surfaces.

 

Continue reading at PAINTING in SUN or WIND or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.

Or see PAINTING OVER MOISTURE

Suggested citation for this web page

PAINTING SHORTCUT ERRORS at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.

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