Insulation Retrofit Choices for Brick or Block Masonry Wall Cavities
BRICK WALL INSULATION RETROFIT - CONTENTS: What foam insulation would work for insulation retrofit on a brick and block building wall?Is it proper to insulate the air space between brick wythes or between brick and block structure of a masonry wall? Adding insulation to a brick or block masonry building wall. Insulation advice for interior walls
How Add Insulation to Brick or Block Masonry Wall Cavities
The accompanying text is reprinted/adapted/excerpted with permission from Solar Age Magazine - editor Steven Bliss. Our page top photo shows the Sheffield Stable in Saugerties, NY when we inspected it in 2005. This structural brick building was uninsulated and under consideration for restoration.
The question-and-answer article about insulating a masonry wall using foam, quotes-from, updates, and comments an original article from Solar Age Magazine and written by Steven Bliss.
What Foam Insulation is Best for Retrofitting the Cavity in a Brick-and-Block Wall?
What foam insulation would be appropriate for retrofitting the cavity in a brick and block masonry wall?
How about a 1980's product called Dacotherm, which I heard about a couple of years ago?
- Blair Pollock, Integrated Energy Systems, Chapel Hill NC
According to Jerry Carrier, an engineer at the Brick Institute of America in McLean VA, the 1-inch cavity between the brick and the blocks should not be filled with any type of insulation. That space is there to let any moisture that gets into the wall drain out.
If you fill the air space between brick wythes or between a brick veneer and a structural block wall, moisture may be trapped within the wall.
In a freezing climate moisture trapped in a masonry wall can lead to serious structural damage from frost.
Mike Ondra, a designer with the Shelter Design Group, Stoney Run PA, said that although he had heard of some retrofits where the 1-inch cavity in the masonry wall was foamed full of urethane insulation (in the 1970's or 1980's), he had never tried it himself.
Ondra preferred (in a 1985 interview) to stud up an interior 2x3 wall and fill that cavity with foam insulation. The stud wall is build one-inch out from the masonry wall to ensure that the foam forms an uninterrupted thermal break with the outdoor-exposed masonry wall.
Another option is to nail the ties directly to the studs between each 24-inch course of rigid insulation board glued to the interior surface of the masonry wall [discussed at BRICK VENEER WALL AIR LEAKS].
Keep in mind however that insulating inside of a masonry building loses the potentially beneficial effect (in some climates) of the thermal mass of the building.
Solar Age also contacted Diamond Shamrock (Irving TX), the manufacturers of Dacotherm, a loose-fill inert silicate material. They do not recommend the use of Dacotherm in block walls. Dacotherm is biodegradable. If it gets wet it breaks down. It is suitable for dry locations.
Our foam insulation photograph (above) shows testing for air leaks at voids in a spray-applied icynene foam insulation retrofit project.
Here we include solar energy, solar heating, solar hot water, and related building energy efficiency improvement articles reprinted/adapted/excerpted with permission from Solar Age Magazine - editor Steven Bliss.
The link to the original Q&A article in PDF form immediately below is preceded by an expanded/updated online version of this article.
Q & A: How to add Insulation in a Brick or Block Wall: Insulating a Brick Cavity - PDF version, use your browser's back button to return to this page
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia
Questions & answers or comments about retrofit insulation for brick or concrete block building walls
Use the "Click to Show or Hide FAQs" link just above to see recently-posted questions, comments, replies, try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.
Solar Age Magazine was the official publication of the American Solar Energy Society. The contemporary solar energy magazine associated with the Society is Solar Today. "Established in 1954, the nonprofit American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is the nation's leading association of solar professionals & advocates. Our mission is to inspire an era of energy innovation and speed the transition to a sustainable energy economy. We advance education, research and policy. Leading for more than 50 years.
ASES leads national efforts to increase the use of solar energy, energy efficiency and other sustainable technologies in the U.S. We publish the award-winning SOLAR TODAY magazine, organize and present the ASES National Solar Conference and lead the ASES National Solar Tour – the largest grassroots solar event in the world."
Steve Bliss's Building Advisor at buildingadvisor.com helps homeowners & contractors plan & complete successful building & remodeling projects: buying land, site work, building design, cost estimating, materials & components, & project management through complete construction. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Steven Bliss served as editorial director and co-publisher of The Journal of Light Construction for 16 years and previously as building technology editor for Progressive Builder and Solar Age magazines. He worked in the building trades as a carpenter and design/build contractor for more than ten years and holds a masters degree from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Excerpts from his recent book, Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, Wiley (November 18, 2005) ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, appear throughout this website, with permission and courtesy of Wiley & Sons. Best Practices Guide is available from the publisher, J. Wiley & Sons, and also at Amazon.com
Arlene Puentes is a licensed home inspector, past chapter president of the Hudson Valley chapter of the American Society of Home Inspectors, an educator, and building failures researcher in Kingston, NY. Contact Arlene Puentes at: email@example.com or at 845-339-7984.
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
Carson, Dunlop & Associates Ltd., 120 Carlton Street Suite 407, Toronto ON M5A 4K2. Tel: (416) 964-9415 1-800-268-7070 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. The firm provides professional home inspection services & home inspection education & publications. Alan Carson is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Illustrated Home purchased as a single order Enter INSPECTAILL in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
TECHNICAL REFERENCE GUIDE to manufacturer's model and serial number information for heating and cooling equipment, useful for determining the age of heating boilers, furnaces, water heaters is provided by Carson Dunlop, Associates, Toronto - Carson Dunlop Weldon & Associates Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Technical Reference Guide purchased as a single order. Just enter INSPECTATRG in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Special Offer: Carson Dunlop Associates offers InspectAPedia readers in the U.S.A. a 5% discount on these courses: Enter INSPECTAHITP in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
The Horizon Software System manages business operations,scheduling, & inspection report writing using Carson Dunlop's knowledge base & color images. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones
Support InspectApedia.com & See Fewer Advertisements
From Google's Contributor website: Contribute a few dollars each month. See fewer ads. The money you contribute helps fund the sites you visit.