Polystyrene insulating foam board (C) Daniel FriedmanFire Protection Requirements for Foam Board Building Insulation

InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website.

Exposed foam board insulation fire hazards:

This Q&A article discusses the requirement for a fire-resistant covering for foam and foam-board board building insulation. Since most fire codes call for a minimum of half-hour fire rating over foam insulations, paneling would probably not provide a sufficient fire barrier over the foam insulating board.

We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need.

Fire Safety and Foam Insulation Board

Mineral wool insulation in an attic

The question-and-answer article below paraphrases, quotes-from, updates, and comments an original article from Solar Age Magazine and written by Steven Bliss.

What coverings are acceptable for foam insulation used indoors?


I am reinsulating a house that has concrete block walls, a stucco exterior, and 3/4-inch foil-backed gypsum board over furring strips on the building interior.

If I glued foam insulating board directly over the existing plaster wall finish, would paneling be sufficient covering? Will the foil backing on the gypsum board create a cold-side vapor barrier? - Gordon Reed Jr., Kingsford MI.

In the photograph at left, foam insulating board is shown on a garage ceiling below a second floor bedroom - this material should have been covered with fire rated drywall to meet local building code specifications for fire safety.

Answer: Fire Code Requirements for Covering Foam Insulating Board

Since most fire codes call for a minimum of half-hour fire rating over foam insulations, paneling would probably not provide a sufficient fire barrier over the foam insulating board. New 1/2-inch drywall is usually called for [and in some installations, fire-rated drywall or thicker drywall may be required for local codes and for certain applications].

The thin foil used on the back of drywall will create a moderate cold-side vapor retarder, but the exact permenance is not published for foil-backed gypsum board.

The safe tack is to use a highgraade air/vapor barrier on the inside, keeping it much less permeable than the cold side barrier. We suggest foil-faced foam insulating board with the joints sealed with foil tape.

Watch out: depending on whether or not the foil backing on the existing foil-backed gypsum board is perforated or not, the perm rating of that surface could be near zero - that is, very resistant to moisture movement, forming a moisture barrier in the "wrong place".

So it would also be a good idea to take measures to keep interior building moisture levels to a moderate level. See HUMIDITY LEVEL TARGET

solid foam insulating  board

Background on foam board insulation and fire protection: 

Foam insulation board should not be left exposed in building interiors.

While many modern foam insulating products do not themselves readily support combustion (that is they don't catch fire and burn alone) they may give off thick acrid or toxic black smoke in a fire, making it difficult to safely exit the burning building.

Foam Insulation Alternatives to Solid Foam Board Insulation

Various foam insulation products that are sprayed in buildings, including UFFI, Icynene, Latex, and other insulating foams as well as fire resistant spray foam insulation used for sealing building penetrations, a different product from the foam board insulation discussed here, are described


Original article

The link to the original Q&A article in PDF form immediately below is preceded by an expanded/updated online version of this article.

Note: some building code officials may accept fire-retardant spray paint coatings on spray-foam and possibly solid foam board insulation in some locations.

Watch out: do not rely on fire-retardant paints without approval from your local building and fire officials.


Continue reading at FOAM BOARD INSULATION TYPES - home, or select a topic from closely-related articles below, or see our complete INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES below.

Or see BUILDING CODE DOWNLOADS - free downloadable PDF files of building codes & standards



Or see these

Foam Insulating Articles

Suggested citation for this web page

FIRE PROTECTION FOR FOAM BOARD INSULATION at - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.


Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia


Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia

Questions & answers or comments about exposed foam board building insulation & fire safety requirements.

Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly.

Search the InspectApedia website

HTML Comment Box is loading comments...

Technical Reviewers & References

Click to Show or Hide Citations & References

Publisher - Daniel Friedman